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  1. Hepatitis E Virus Serosurvey among Pet Dogs and Cats in Several Developed Cities in China

    Full-text: Available

    | Contributor(s):: Huanbin Liang, Jidang Chen, Jiexiong Xie, Long Sun, Fanxiao Ji, Shuyi He, Yun Zheng, Chumin Liang, Guihong Zhang, Shuo Su, Shoujun Li

    Infection by Hepatitis E virus (HEV), as a zoonotic disease virus, is well studied in pigs in China, but few studies in pets have been performed. This study was designed to characterize the prevalence of HEV infection among pet dogs and cats in major metropolitan areas of China. We conducted a...

  2. Eläinavusteinen interventio : asiakkaan toiminnallisuuden tukeminen koira-avusteisin menetelmin : kirjaprojekti

    Full-text: Available

    | Contributor(s):: Eeva Kahilaniemi

    Eläinavusteinen interventio – asiakkaan toiminnallisuuden tukeminen koira-avusteisin menetelmin on opinnäytetyö, jonka tuotoksena toteutin saman nimisen oppikirjan. Toiminnallisena opinnäytetyönä tehty kirja on suunnattu sosiaali-, terveys- ja kasvatusalojen...

  3. Media, Mental Health and Man's Best Friend

    Full-text: Available

    | Contributor(s):: Suzanne Spinosa

    Using two media newspaper publications as a means of archival data, this paper proposed that the shift in perception of animals in mental health setting has changed over time. There is now data examining the role of animals in a human's well-being and the increased importance of an...

  4. More than 50% of Clostridium difficile Isolates from Pet Dogs in Flagstaff, USA, Carry Toxigenic Genotypes

    Full-text: Available

    | Contributor(s):: Nathan E. Stone, Lindsay C. Sidak-Loftis, Jason W. Sahl, Adam J. Vazquez, Kristin B. Wiggins, John D. Gillece, Nathan D. Hicks, James M. Schupp, Joseph D. Busch, Paul Keim, David M. Wagner

    Nosocomial acquisition of Clostridium difficile is well documented, yet recent studies have highlighted the importance of community acquired infections and identified community associated reservoirs for this pathogen. Multiple studies have implicated companion pets and farm animals as...

  5. Dharma Dogs: A Narrative Approach to Understanding the Connection of Sentience Between Humans and Canines

    Full-text: Available

    | Contributor(s):: Anna Caldwell

    India has the highest population of stray dogs in the world1. Dharamsala, a cross-cultural community in the north Indian Himalayan foothills, is home to a number of particularly overweight and happy canines. However, the street dogs of Dharamsala are not an accurate representation of the state...

  6. Assessment of Myocardial Perfusion at Rest and During Stress Using Dynamic First-Pass Contrast-Enhanced Magnetic Resonance Imaging in Healthy Dogs

    Full-text: Available

    | Contributor(s):: Henning Richter, Patrick R. Kircher, Fabiola B. Joerger, Erika Bruellmann, Matthias Dennler

    Objective: To assess the feasibility of myocardial perfusion analysis in healthy dogs using dynamic contrast-enhanced cardiac magnetic resonance (DCE-MR) imaging at rest and during simulated stress with two doses of adenosine. Animals: Ten healthy beagle...

  7. Clinical Findings in Dogs Trained for Awake-MRI

    Full-text: Available

    | Contributor(s):: Gregory S. Berns, Mark Spivak, Sarah Nemanic, Nicole Northrup

    Training dogs for awake-MRI began in 2012 for the study of canine cognition. Although originally envisioned as a research technique to understand the neural mechanisms of canine cognitive function, its potential as a new diagnostic clinical tool has become apparent. A high-quality structural...

  8. Evaluation of the Prevalence and Risk Factors for Undernutrition in Hospitalized Dogs

    Full-text: Available

    | Contributor(s):: Jenifer Molina, Marta Hervera, Edgar Garcia Manzanilla, Carlos Torrente, Cecilia Villaverde

    Hospitalized dogs are predisposed to undernutrition, which can potentially affect outcome. This study evaluated the prevalence of undernutrition in hospitalized dogs (measured as loss of body condition score, BCS and body weight, BW) and studied the risk factors that affect nutritional status,...

  9. Working Dogs Drinking a Nutrient-Enriched Water Maintain Cooler Body Temperature and Improved Pulse Rate Recovery After Exercise

    Full-text: Available

    | Contributor(s):: Brian M. Zanghi, Patrick J. Robbins, Meghan T. Ramos, Cynthia M. Otto

    Exercise-related physiological changes were evaluated in hydrated, exercise-conditioned working dogs with free access to tap water (TW) with or without a nutrient-enriched water supplement (NW). Physiological samples and measures were collected before and after work-related field tasks in a...

  10. Demographic Change Across the Lifespan of Pet Dogs and Their Impact on Health Status

    Full-text: Available

    | Contributor(s):: Lisa J. Wallis, Dóra Szabó, Boglárka Erdélyi-Belle, Enikö Kubinyi

    Although dogs' life expectancies are six to twelve times shorter than that of humans, the demographics (e. g., living conditions) of dogs can still change considerably with aging, similarly to humans. Despite the fact that the dog is a particularly good model for human healthspan, and the...

  11. Birds and Dogs: Toward a Comparative Perspective on Odor Use and Detection

    Full-text: Available

    | Contributor(s):: Paola A. Prada, Kenneth G. Furton

    While canines are generally considered the gold standard for olfactory detection in many situations other animals provide alternatives and offer a unique opportunity to compare biological detection capabilities. Critical components in successfully studying biological detectors is not only...

  12. Consumer Attitude Toward the Environmental Sustainability of Grain-Free Pet Foods

    Full-text: Available

    | Contributor(s):: Danielle M. P. Conway, Korinn E. Saker

    This study investigated consumer knowledge and attitude toward environmental sustainability, grain-free diets (GFDs), and the influence of on-site environmental sustainability education on pet owner diet choices. A two-part questionnaire was designed, bracketing an educational brochure on...

  13. High Mobility Group Box-1 and Pro-inflammatory Cytokines Are Increased in Dogs After Trauma but Do Not Predict Survival

    Full-text: Available

    | Contributor(s):: Robert Goggs, Jo-Annie Letendre

    Trauma is common in dogs and causes significant morbidity and mortality, but it remains challenging to predict the prognosis of dogs with traumatic injuries. This study aimed to quantify plasma high-mobility group box-1 (HMGB-1) and cytokine concentrations in dogs with moderate-to-severe...

  14. Concentrations of Plasma Nucleosomes but Not Cell-Free DNA Are Prognostic in Dogs Following Trauma

    Full-text: Available

    | Contributor(s):: Jo-Annie Letendre, Robert Goggs

    Trauma is common in dogs and causes significant morbidity and mortality, but it remains a challenge to assess prognosis in these patients. This study aimed to investigate the use of plasma cell-free DNA (cfDNA) and nucleosome concentrations as prognostic biomarkers in canine trauma. Using a...

  15. Effects of Edible Treats Containing Ascophyllum nodosum on the Oral Health of Dogs: A Double-Blind, Randomized, Placebo-Controlled Single-Center Study

    Full-text: Available

    | Contributor(s):: Jerzy Gawor, Michał Jank, Katarzyna Jodkowska, Emilia Klim, Ulla K. Svensson

    The objective of this placebo-controlled, double-blind, randomized study (designed according to evidence based medicine standards) was to determine the effect of 90-day administration of edible treats containing the brown algae, Ascophyllum nodosum, on plaque and dental calculus...

  16. Pharmacokinetics, Safety, and Clinical Efficacy of Cannabidiol Treatment in Osteoarthritic Dogs

    Full-text: Available

    | Contributor(s):: Lauri-Jo Gamble, Jordyn M Boesch, Christopher W Frye, Wayne S Schwark, Sabine Mann, Lisa Wolfe, Holly Brown, Erin S Berthelsen, Joseph J Wakshlag

    Objectives: The objectives of this study were to determine basic oral pharmacokinetics, and assess safety and analgesic efficacy of a cannabidiol (CBD) based oil in dogs with osteoarthritis (OA). Methods: Single-dose pharmacokinetics was performed using two different doses of CBD...

  17. Application of the NEOH Framework for Self-Evaluation of One Health Elements of a Case-Study on Obesity in European Dogs and Dog-Owners

    Full-text: Available

    | Contributor(s):: Alberto Munoz-Prieto, Liza R. Nielsen, SIlvia Martinez-Subiela, Jovita Mazeikiene, Pia Lopez-Jornet, Sara Savic, Asta Tvarijonaviciute

    Obesity is a malnutrition disorder of global concern with increasing prevalence driven by underlying societal, economic and environmental mechanisms leading to changed physical activity patterns, eating behaviors and diet compositions in both humans and in their pet-dogs. A questionnaire-based...

  18. Serum Biochemistry and Inflammatory Cytokines in Racing Endurance Sled Dogs With and Without Rhabdomyolysis

    Full-text: Available

    | Contributor(s):: Chris W. Frye, Sabine Mann, Jodie L. Joseph, Cristina Hansen, Brent Sass, Joseph J. Wakshlag

    Serum muscle enzymes in endurance sled dogs peak within 2–4 days of racing. The object of this study was to compare mid-race serum chemistry profiles, select hormones, markers of inflammation, and the acute phase response in dogs that successfully completed half of the 2015 Yukon Quest...

  19. Different allelic frequency of progressive rod-cone degeneration in two populations of Labrador Retrievers in Japan

    | Contributor(s):: Takanosu, M.

  20. Attachment Style Is Related to Quality of Life for Assistance Dog Owners

    | Contributor(s):: White, N., Mills, D., Hall, S.