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  1. Training Reduces Stress in Human-Socialised Wolves to the Same Degree as in Dogs

    Full-text: Available

    | Contributor(s):: Angélica da Silva Vasconcellos, Zsófia Virányi, Friederike Range, César Ades, Jördis Kristin Scheidegger, Erich Möstl, Kurt Kotrschal

    The welfare of animals in captivity is of considerable societal concern. A major source of stress, especially for wild animals, is the lack of control over their environment, which includes not being able to avoid contact with human beings. Paradoxically, some studies have shown that...

  2. Evaluation of effects of olfactory and auditory stimulation on separation anxiety by salivary cortisol measurement in dogs

    Full-text: Available

    | Contributor(s):: Yoon-Joo Shin, Nam-Shik Shin

    Separation anxiety (SA) is a serious behavioral problem in dogs. In this study, salivary cortisol was studied to determine if the owner's odor or voice could reduce SA in dogs. Twenty-eight dogs with SA were divided into three groups: group 1 (control), group 2 (with owner's clothes...

  3. Major medical causes by breed and life stage for dogs presented at veterinary clinics in the Republic of Korea: a survey of electronic medical records

    Full-text: Available

    | Contributor(s):: Eunju Kim, Changyong Choe, Jae Guy Yoo, Sang-Ik Oh, Younghun Jung, Ara Cho, Suhee Kim, Yoon Jung Do

    Background Age and breed are considered the greatest risk factors for disease prevalence and mortality in companion dogs. Understanding the prevalence of diseases, in relation to age and breed, would support appropriate guidance for future health care strategies and provide useful information...

  4. Dogs (Canis familiaris), but Not Chimpanzees (Pan troglodytes), Understand Imperative Pointing

    Full-text: Available

    | Contributor(s):: Katharina C. Kirchhofer, Felizitas Zimmermann, Juliane Kaminski, Michael Tomasello

    Chimpanzees routinely follow the gaze of humans to outside targets. However, in most studies using object choice they fail to use communicative gestures (e.g. pointing) to find hidden food. Chimpanzees' failure to do this may be due to several difficulties with this paradigm. They may, for...

  5. Establishing a framework to understand the regulation and control of dogs in urban environments: a case study of Melbourne, Australia

    Full-text: Available

    | Contributor(s):: Simon Bruce Carter

    Background This study examines the effectiveness of animal management from a critical theory perspective, establishing a framework to describe the animal management activities of local government. In creating sustainable cities, local government must critically engage with the management of...

  6. An Owner-Independent Investigation of Diabetes Alert Dog Performance

    Full-text: Available

    | Contributor(s):: Clara Wilson, Steve Morant, Sarah Kane, Claire Pesterfield, Claire Guest, Nicola J. Rooney

    Objective: To quantify Diabetes Alert Dog (DAD) performance by using owner-independent measures. Research Design and Methods: Eight owners of accredited DADs used a FreeStyle Libre Flash Glucose Monitoring System (FGMS). Concurrent Closed Circuit Television (CCTV) footage was...

  7. Intentional Integration of Service and Therapy Dogs in an Occupational Therapy Program Curriculum

    Full-text: Available

    | Contributor(s):: Stephanie Rehovsky, Brittni Danner

    This scholarly project involves the intentional integration of Buddy, the service/therapy dog of the University of North Dakota’s Occupational Therapy graduate program. This project contains researched evidence regarding the variety of benefits involved with the implementation of animal...

  8. Parent perceptions of the quality of life of pet dogs living with neuro-typically developing and neuro-atypically developing children: An exploratory study

    | Contributor(s):: Sophie S Hall, Hannah F Wright, Daniel S Mills

    There is growing scientific and societal recognition of the role that pet dogs can play in healthy development of children; both those who are neuro-typically developing and those who live with a neuro-developmental disorder, such as autism or attention deficit hyperactivity disorder. However,...

  9. Social Interaction with an "Unidentified Moving Object" Elicits A-Not-B Error in Domestic Dogs

    | Contributor(s):: Anna Gergely, Anna B Compton, Ruth C Newberry, Adam Miklosi

    Mechanical “unidentified moving objects” (UMO’s) are useful for controlled investigations into features of social interaction that generate cooperativeness and positive social affiliation in domestic dogs (Canis familiaris). We hypothesized that, if a UMO interacted socially...

  10. Relationship between sociability toward humans and physiological stress in dogs

    | Contributor(s):: Yoon-Joo Shin, Nam-Shik Shin

    Sociability is an essential trait for dogs to successfully interact with humans. In this study, the relationship between sociability and physiological stress was examined. Additionally, whether differences exist between companion dogs (C group) and shelter dogs (S group) was examined. Overall,...

  11. The companion dog as a model for human aging and mortality

    | Contributor(s):: jessica m hoffman, Kate E. Creevy, Alexander Franks, Dan G O'Neill, Daniel E. L. Promislow

    Around the world, human populations have experienced large increases in average lifespan over the last 150 years, and while individuals are living longer, they are spending more years of life with multiple chronic morbidities. Researchers have used numerous laboratory animal models to...

  12. Online videos indicate human and dog behaviour preceding dog bites and the context in which bites occur

    | Contributor(s):: Sara C. Owczarczak-Garstecka, Francine Watkins, Rob Christley, Carri Westgarth

    YouTube videos of dog bites present an unexplored opportunity to observe dog bites directly. We recorded the context of bites, bite severity, victim and dog characteristics for 143 videos and for 56 videos we coded human and dog behaviour before the bite. Perceived bite severity was derived...

  13. To a Future Where Everyone Can Walk a Dog Even if They Don't Own One

    | Contributor(s):: Chen, E. Y.

    2018Front Public Health63492296-2565 (Print)2296-256510.3389/fpubh.2018.00349engDepartment of Psychology, Temple University, Philadelphia, PA, United States.text

  14. Inappropriate Urination

    | Contributor(s):: Borns-Weil, S.

  15. Human-animal emotional contagion and client communication

    | Contributor(s):: Milani, M.

    2017Can Vet J58121329-13300008-5286 (Print)0008-5286engDr. Milani is a behavior and bond practitioner, teacher, and author of several books on the interaction of animal behavior, health, and the human-animal relationship.text

  16. Fear vs. frustration - Possible factors behind canine separation related behaviour

    | Contributor(s):: Lenkei, R., Alvarez Gomez, S., Pongracz, P.

  17. Dog Training Intervention Shows Social-Cognitive Change in the Journals of Incarcerated Youth

    Full-text: Available

    | Contributor(s):: Syzmanski, T., Casey, R. J., Johnson, A., Cano, A.

    There is limited research assessing the effectiveness of Animal-Assisted Therapy in at-risk adolescent populations. In a recent study, 138 adjudicated adolescents participated in a randomized controlled trial of an animal-assisted intervention, in which participants either trained shelter dogs...

  18. Modelling personality, plasticity and predictability in shelter dogs

    | Contributor(s):: Conor Goold, Ruth C. Newberry

    Behavioural assessments of shelter dogs (Canis lupus familiaris) typically comprise standardized test batteries conducted at one time point, but test batteries have shown inconsistent predictive validity. Longitudinal behavioural assessments offer an alternative. We modelled longitudinal...

  19. Nasally-Administered Oxytocin Has Limited Effects on Owner-Directed Attachment Behavior in Pet Dogs (Canis lupus familiaris)

    | Contributor(s):: Lauren E. Thielke, giovanna renata rosenlicht, Sarina R Saturn, Monique A. R. Udell

    The present study explored the effects of intranasal oxytocin, a naturally occurring hormone, on the behavior of pet dogs during an attachment test. Each dog participated in two testing sessions. On one visit saline was administered nasally, and on another, oxytocin was administered nasally. For...

  20. Ridin' High

    Full-text: Available

    Ridin' High, Inc. is a non-profit 501(c)(3) organization offering recreational and therapeutic horseback riding to children and adults with disabilities. We are in our 25th year of operation. Ridin' High is affiliated with PATH International (Professional Association of Therapeutic...