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Dogs (Canis familiaris), but Not Chimpanzees (Pan troglodytes), Understand Imperative Pointing
| Contributor(s):: Katharina C. Kirchhofer, Felizitas Zimmermann, Juliane Kaminski, Michael Tomasello
Chimpanzees routinely follow the gaze of humans to outside targets. However, in most studies using object choice they fail to use communicative gestures (e.g. pointing) to find hidden food. Chimpanzees' failure to do this may be due to several difficulties with this paradigm. They may, for...
The Pet Keeping Industry in the American City
out of 5 stars
| Contributor(s):: Irus Braverman
Two years ago, my now nine-year-old daughter decided that she, too, wants in on the American dream. A family without a dog is incomplete, so the dominant narrative around us seems to dictate – and that narrative was readily picked up by my daughter and, subsequently, by her younger sister...
Exploring the Gaps in Practical Ethical Guidance for Animal Welfare Considerations of Field Interventions and Innovations Targeting Dogs and Cats
| Contributor(s):: Louisa Tasker, Susan F Getty, Joyce R Briggs, Valerie A.W. Benka
Domestic dogs (Canis lupus familiaris) and cats (Felis silvestris catus) are common species targeted by nongovernmental or intergovernmental organizations, veterinarians and government agencies worldwide, for field interventions (e.g., population management, rabies vaccination programs) or...
An Exploration of Industry Expert Perception of Equine Welfare Using Vignettes
| Contributor(s):: Cordelie DuBois, Helen Hambly-Odame, Derek B. Haley, Katrina Merkies
As part of a larger Delphi survey project, equine professionals (n = 14) were presented with twelve short scenarios in which a horse’s welfare could be compromised. They were asked to rank each scenario (with 0 indicating no welfare concerns and 5 indicating a situation where immediate...
Facilitating an animal-assisted intervention program : the risks and rewards of working with animals in helping and educational settings
| Contributor(s):: Katelynn Couling
Humans and animals have been living and working together for centuries. The mutual relationship that developed lead professionals to begin incorporating animals into human services and education to enhance human wellness, a practice presently referred to as Animal-assisted Intervention (AAI). In...
Cognition and the Development of Social Cognition in the Domestic Dog (Canis Lupus Familiaris)
| Contributor(s):: Camille Ward
We examined cognition and the development of social cognition in domestic dogs (Canis lupus familiaris) with three studies. Study one focused on numerical competence in dogs and studies two and three addressed the development of social relationships among littermates. In the first study, we...
Anesthesia in some categories of patients and clinical conditionsAnestesia in alcune categorie di pazienti e condizioni cliniche
| Contributor(s):: Grazioli, O.
The author analyses anesthesia in the most frequent and risky clinical conditions, for which greater knowledge and attention in anesthetic management are required. In the final part, euthanasia is taken into account, because of its strategic importance, with emotional and psychological aspects...
Human-animal studies, G.H. Mead, and the question of animal minds
| Contributor(s):: Gallagher, T. J.
In the field of human-animal studies (HAS), also known as anthrozoology, the question of nonhuman animal minds is central. During the first three decades of the 20th century, the social psychological G.H. Mead was among the first to take an explicitly contemporary approach to the question of mind...
Provisioning the ritual neolithic site of Kfar HaHoresh, Israel at the dawn of animal management
| Contributor(s):: Meier, J. S., Goring-Morris, A. N., Munro, N. D.
It is widely agreed that a pivotal shift from wild animal hunting to herd animal management, at least of goats, began in the southern Levant by the Middle Pre-Pottery Neolithic B period (10,000-9,500 cal. BP) when evidence of ritual activities flourished in the region. As our knowledge of this...
Dog breed differences in visual communication with humans
| Contributor(s):: Konno, A., Romero, T., Inoue-Murayama, M., Saito, A., Hasegawa, T.
Domestic dogs (Canis familiaris) have developed a close relationship with humans through the process of domestication. In human-dog interactions, eye contact is a key element of relationship initiation and maintenance. Previous studies have suggested that canine ability to produce human-directed...
Paleopathology: health and welfare of animals in the pastPaleopathologie: gezondheid en welzijn van dieren in het verleden
| Contributor(s):: Groot, M.
This paper presents a short introduction to the field of palaeopathology, which can be studied from either a historical veterinary perspective or a zooarchaeological perspective. Zooarchaeologists are concerned with studying past human behaviour through animal remains found in archaeological...
Living with the beast: wolves and humans through Portuguese literature
| Contributor(s):: Lopes-Fernandes, M., Soares, F., Frazao-Moreira, A., Queiroz, A. I.
This paper explores representations of wolves in Portuguese literature using an anthropological framework to analyze perceptions, beliefs, knowledge, and practices. From a literary corpus compilation, 262 excerpts from 68 works that made reference to wolves were classified by grid analysis into...
Domestic Dogs ' (Canis lupus familiaris) Evaluation of Moral and Immoral Actors
| Contributor(s):: Katherine E. Ford
A sense of morality, or values predisposing what is right (fair, just, kind) and what is wrong (unfair, cruel, dishonest), appears universally across all humankind. All major cultures share support for some values, such as self-respect, respect for others, and 'the golden rule'treat...
Canine emotions as seen through human social cognition.
| Contributor(s):: Miiamaaria V. Kujala
It is not possible to demonstrate that dogs (Canis familiaris) feel emotions, but the same is true for all other species, including our own. The issue must therefore be approached indirectly, using premises similar to those used with humans. Recent methodological advances in canine research...
Imitation recognition and its effect on subsequent interactions between pet dogs (Canis familiaris)
| Contributor(s):: Maria Teresa Antunes Marmota
It has been argued that imitation might facilitate social interactions and may increase affiliating emotions between individuals. Hence imitation recognition can be considered as the recognition of matching actions performed by other individuals with those of the self and also importantly it is...
Epidemiological and Genetic Data Supporting the Transmission of Ancylostoma ceylanicum among Human and Domestic Animals
| Contributor(s):: Romano Ngui, Yvonne A. L. Lim, Rebecca Traub, Rohela Mahmud, Mohd Sani Mistam
Currently, information on species-specific hookworm infection is unavailable in Malaysia and is restricted worldwide due to limited application of molecular diagnostic tools. Given the importance of accurate identification of hookworms, this study was conducted as part of an ongoing molecular...
Fine dogs the project
| Contributor(s):: Laura Catalina Perilla Suarez
For years, the human animal has called the dog as man's best friend, but what does this honestly refer to? What is the relation of the human animal to the dog? How many years ago did the call begin, domestication? , In my project I will solve these questions, in addition to entering the field...
Domestic Dogs in Communal Lands: Implications for CAMPFIRE Schemes
| Contributor(s):: J.R.A. Butler
The Effect of Pet Remedy on the Behaviour of the Domestic Dog (Canis familiaris)
| Contributor(s):: Sienna Taylor, Joah Madden
Stress-affected behaviour in companion animals can have an adverse effect on animal health and welfare and their relationships with humans. This stress can be addressed using chemical treatments, often in conjunction with behavioural therapies. Here, we investigated the efficacy of one commercial...
The Dog: A Domestic Wolf to Communicate with Man: The Aggressiveness of the Dog
| Contributor(s):: Jean-Mane Giffroy
On the basis of research in archeozoology and molecular genetics, it is established that the wolf is the main ancestor of the dog and that domestication would have occurred some 14,000 or 15,000 years ago, 5,000 years before the domestication of another species. The place or places of the first...