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Experimental Tibetan monkey domestication and its application for intraocular pressure measurement
AIM: To train Tibetan monkey (Macaca thibetana) for intraocular pressure (IOP) measurement in conscious state and obtain normal IOP in conscious Tibetan Macaque. METHODS: The training was based on award-conditioned behavior. Food stimulation and human-animal interaction...
Earliest evidence for equid bit wear in the ancient Near East: The "ass" from Early Bronze Age Tell eṣ-Ṣâfi/Gath, Israel
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| Contributor(s):: Haskel J. Greenfield, Itzhaq Shai, Tina L. Greenfield, Elizabeth R. Arnold, Annie Brown, Adi Eliyahu, Aren M. Maeir
Analysis of a sacrificed and interred domestic donkey from an Early Bronze Age (EB) IIIB (c. 2800–2600 BCE) domestic residential neighborhood at Tell eṣ-Ṣâfi/Gath, Israel, indicate the presence of bit wear on the Lower Premolar 2 (LPM2). This is the earliest evidence for the use of a...
Human-directed behaviour in goats is not affected by short-term positive handling
| Contributor(s):: Jan Langbein, Annika Krause, Christian Nawroth
In addition to domestication, interactions with humans or task-specific training during ontogeny have been proposed to play a key role in explaining differences in human–animal communication across species. In livestock, even short-term positive interactions with caretakers or other...
Animal Cities: Post-Human Urban Wildness
| Contributor(s):: Jing Huang
This thesis contends that architecture should be designed in a way to foster closer human-animal relationships. Cities are typically designed solely with the human in mind, and over time, animals have been pushed out of the city, decreasing biodiversity. Peoples’ tendency is to separate...
| Contributor(s):: Langbein, J., Krause, A., Nawroth, C.
Cats and domestication – a road less travelled
| Contributor(s):: Claire Hargrave
Cats are the favoured domestic companion in the USA and their numbers are closely approaching that status in the UK. Yet the cat’s motivation for their behaviours, particularly those that stretch the limits of the human–cat bond, remain a mystery to many owners. By looking at the...
"She's a dog at the end of the day": guide dog owners' perspectives on the behaviour of their guide dog
| Contributor(s):: Craigon, P. J., Hobson-West, P., England, G. C. W., Whelan, C.
A guide dog is a domestic dog (Canis familiaris) that is specifically educated to provide mobility support to a blind or visually impaired owner. Current dog suitability assessments focus on behavioural traits, including: trainability, reactivity or attention to environmental stimuli, low...
How Wolves Turned into Dogs and How Dogs Are Valuable in Meeting Human Social Needs
| Contributor(s):: Kurt Kotrschal
A wealth of recent behavioral, neurobiological, and genetic results allows us to draw a new, comprehensive picture of the human-wolf-dog relationship. Dogs originated from wolves 35,000 years ago, mainly via selection for tameness. Wolves were probably spiritual partners and hunting buddies of...
The care of dogs and puppies
The companionship between man and dog has been strong for many years with proof given in the Bible, Matthew 15:27 " ... but even the dogs feed on the crumbs which fall from the master's table." Egyptians undoubtedly loved their dogs as pictures of hunting scenes with dogs...
Horsebreakers, Tamers, and Trainers: An Historical, Psychological, and Social Review
| Contributor(s):: Sharon E. Cregier
To my knowledge, there has been no organized synthesis describing the historical development of horse handling, management, lore, and training. This discussion offers, in capsule form, some of the historical, psychological, and social considerations which might be taken into account when...
Circumpolarity : Human-Animal Relationships in the Circumpolar North
| Contributor(s):: David George Anderson
This five-year project investigates how people and animals today, and in the past, build sustainable communities around the circumpolar Arctic.
Taming and Training in The Human Use of Elephants: The Case of Nepal, Past, Present and Future
| Contributor(s):: Piers Locke
It is a curious fact that by contrast with equine studies, a field that includes extensive historical and sociological work (e.g Budiansky 1998, Cassidy 2002, 2003, 2005, 2007, Clutton-Brock 1992, Derry 2003, 2006, Hurn 2008a, 2008b), elephant husbandry has yet to be constituted as an integrated...
Experimental investigations of the impact of social influence on dog-human interactions
| Contributor(s):: Zsófia Sümegi
There is an increasing scientific agreement that the origin of the domestic dog dates back several tens of thousands of years. In fact, the history of dog is a history of unique behaviour evolutionary process in which they have gradually become adapted to human environment and, as a result,...
Domestication of animals in Harappan culture: a socio−economic study
| Contributor(s):: Sajjan Kumar
Domestication has played an enormous role in the development and progress of mankind and its material culture. In fact, a domesticated animal was the first pride possession of man. The fundamental distinction between domesticated animals and their wild ancestors is that the former, as a result of...
Walking the thylacine: records of indigenous companion animals in Australian narrative and photographic history
| Contributor(s):: Philip, J., Garden, D.
This report examines the history and significance of indigenous companion animals within traditional Aboriginal society and in early Euro-Australian settlements. Working from historical photographic and anthropological records, the project constructs a visual and written record of these...
Dog breed differences in visual communication with humans
| Contributor(s):: Konno, A., Romero, T., Inoue-Murayama, M., Saito, A., Hasegawa, T.
Domestic dogs (Canis familiaris) have developed a close relationship with humans through the process of domestication. In human-dog interactions, eye contact is a key element of relationship initiation and maintenance. Previous studies have suggested that canine ability to produce human-directed...
Living with the beast: wolves and humans through Portuguese literature
| Contributor(s):: Lopes-Fernandes, M., Soares, F., Frazao-Moreira, A., Queiroz, A. I.
This paper explores representations of wolves in Portuguese literature using an anthropological framework to analyze perceptions, beliefs, knowledge, and practices. From a literary corpus compilation, 262 excerpts from 68 works that made reference to wolves were classified by grid analysis into...
On Some Issues of Human-Animal Studies: An Introduction
| Contributor(s):: Metraux, A.
Animal Management at the Ancient Metropolis of Teotihuacan, Mexico: Stable Isotope Analysis of Leporid (Cottontail and Jackrabbit) Bone Mineral
| Contributor(s):: Somerville, A. D., Sugiyama, N., Manzanilla, L. R., Schoeninger, M. J.
Personhood and companionship among Evenki and their reindeer in Eastern Siberia
| Contributor(s):: Evelyn Landerer
This thesis aims to contribute to our understanding of human-reindeer relations among nomadic hunters and reindeer keepers and is based on a discussion of manifestations of personhood in Siberia. I then relate these to contemporary theories in human-animal relations and argue that in the case of...