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Cats and domestication – a road less travelled
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Contributor(s):: Claire Hargrave
Cats are the favoured domestic companion in the USA and their numbers are closely approaching that status in the UK. Yet the cat’s motivation for their behaviours, particularly those that stretch the limits of the human–cat bond, remain a mystery to many owners. By looking at the...
"She's a dog at the end of the day": guide dog owners' perspectives on the behaviour of their guide dog
Contributor(s):: Craigon, P. J., Hobson-West, P., England, G. C. W., Whelan, C.
A guide dog is a domestic dog (Canis familiaris) that is specifically educated to provide mobility support to a blind or visually impaired owner. Current dog suitability assessments focus on behavioural traits, including: trainability, reactivity or attention to environmental stimuli, low...
How Wolves Turned into Dogs and How Dogs Are Valuable in Meeting Human Social Needs
Contributor(s):: Kurt Kotrschal
A wealth of recent behavioral, neurobiological, and genetic results allows us to draw a new, comprehensive picture of the human-wolf-dog relationship. Dogs originated from wolves 35,000 years ago, mainly via selection for tameness. Wolves were probably spiritual partners and hunting buddies of...
The care of dogs and puppies
The companionship between man and dog has been strong for many years with proof given in the Bible, Matthew 15:27 " ... but even the dogs feed on the crumbs which fall from the master's table." Egyptians undoubtedly loved their dogs as pictures of hunting scenes with dogs...
Horsebreakers, Tamers, and Trainers: An Historical, Psychological, and Social Review
Contributor(s):: Sharon E. Cregier
To my knowledge, there has been no organized synthesis describing the historical development of horse handling, management, lore, and training. This discussion offers, in capsule form, some of the historical, psychological, and social considerations which might be taken into account when...
Circumpolarity : Human-Animal Relationships in the Circumpolar North
Contributor(s):: David George Anderson
This five-year project investigates how people and animals today, and in the past, build sustainable communities around the circumpolar Arctic.
Taming and Training in The Human Use of Elephants: The Case of Nepal, Past, Present and Future
Contributor(s):: Piers Locke
It is a curious fact that by contrast with equine studies, a field that includes extensive historical and sociological work (e.g Budiansky 1998, Cassidy 2002, 2003, 2005, 2007, Clutton-Brock 1992, Derry 2003, 2006, Hurn 2008a, 2008b), elephant husbandry has yet to be constituted as an integrated...
Experimental investigations of the impact of social influence on dog-human interactions
Contributor(s):: Zsófia Sümegi
There is an increasing scientific agreement that the origin of the domestic dog dates back several tens of thousands of years. In fact, the history of dog is a history of unique behaviour evolutionary process in which they have gradually become adapted to human environment and, as a result,...
Domestication of animals in Harappan culture: a socio−economic study
Contributor(s):: Sajjan Kumar
Domestication has played an enormous role in the development and progress of mankind and its material culture. In fact, a domesticated animal was the first pride possession of man. The fundamental distinction between domesticated animals and their wild ancestors is that the former, as a result...
Walking the thylacine: records of indigenous companion animals in Australian narrative and photographic history
Contributor(s):: Philip, J., Garden, D.
This report examines the history and significance of indigenous companion animals within traditional Aboriginal society and in early Euro-Australian settlements. Working from historical photographic and anthropological records, the project constructs a visual and written record of these...
Dog breed differences in visual communication with humans
Contributor(s):: Konno, A., Romero, T., Inoue-Murayama, M., Saito, A., Hasegawa, T.
Domestic dogs (Canis familiaris) have developed a close relationship with humans through the process of domestication. In human-dog interactions, eye contact is a key element of relationship initiation and maintenance. Previous studies have suggested that canine ability to produce human-directed...
Living with the beast: wolves and humans through Portuguese literature
Contributor(s):: Lopes-Fernandes, M., Soares, F., Frazao-Moreira, A., Queiroz, A. I.
This paper explores representations of wolves in Portuguese literature using an anthropological framework to analyze perceptions, beliefs, knowledge, and practices. From a literary corpus compilation, 262 excerpts from 68 works that made reference to wolves were classified by grid analysis into...
On Some Issues of Human-Animal Studies: An Introduction
Contributor(s):: Metraux, A.
Animal Management at the Ancient Metropolis of Teotihuacan, Mexico: Stable Isotope Analysis of Leporid (Cottontail and Jackrabbit) Bone Mineral
Contributor(s):: Somerville, A. D., Sugiyama, N., Manzanilla, L. R., Schoeninger, M. J.
Personhood and companionship among Evenki and their reindeer in Eastern Siberia
Contributor(s):: Evelyn Landerer
This thesis aims to contribute to our understanding of human-reindeer relations among nomadic hunters and reindeer keepers and is based on a discussion of manifestations of personhood in Siberia. I then relate these to contemporary theories in human-animal relations and argue that in the case of...
Human-Animal Communication in Captive Species: Dogs, Horses, and Whales
Contributor(s):: Mackenzie K. Kelley
My hopes for this project are to collect and analyze the current research in the field of animal communication. In the first part, my goal is to define animal communication, specifically within human contexts. I will look at how the history of humans and certain species have intertwined to...
Humanos e não-humanos: o aprendizado de novas sensibilidades e responsabilidades em nossas relações de estimação
Contributor(s):: Luciana de Sant'Anna Dall'Agnol
A educação e a cultura são processos inerentes e transformadores um ao outro, fazendo com que as mudanças em nossa sociedade exijam uma contínua renovação de conhecimentos e (re) adaptação a um mundo em constante...
Goats Learn Socially from Humans in a Spatial Problem-Solving Task
Contributor(s):: Christian Nawroth, Luigi Baciadonna, Alan G. McElligot
Domestication drives changes in animal cognition and behaviour. In particular, the capacity of dogs to socially learn from humans is considered a key outcome of how domestication shaped the canid brain. However, systematic evidence for social learning from humans in other domestic species is...
Structural variants in genes associated with human Williams-Beuren syndrome underlie stereotypical hypersociability in domestic dogs
Contributor(s):: Bridgett M. vonHoldt, Emily Shuldiner, Ilana Janowitz Koch, Rebecca Y. Kartzinel, Andrew Hogan, Lauren Brubaker, Shelby Wanser, Daniel Stahler, Clive D. L. Wynne, Elaine A. Ostrander, Janet S. Sinsheimer, Monique A. R. Udell
Although considerable progress has been made in understanding the genetic basis of morphologic traits (for example, body size and coat color) in dogs and wolves, the genetic basis of their behavioral divergence is poorly understood. An integrative approach using both behavioral and genetic data...
Social contact in horses: implications for human-horse interactions
Contributor(s):: M.C. VanDierendonck, D. Goodwin
The ancestors of the domestic horse were important prey species for many predators, including humans. Equids possess few physical defence mechanisms, relying on survival strategies centred on the formation of cohesive social bonds within stable groups. Mutual grooming is common between these...