The Days and Nights of Zoo Elephants: Using Epidemiology to Better Understand Stereotypic Behavior of African Elephants (Loxodonta africana) and Asian Elephants (Elephas maximus) in North American Zoos
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| Contributor(s):: Brian J. Greco, Cheryl L. Meehan, Jen N. Hogan, Katherine A. Leighty, Jill Mellen, Georgia J. Mason, Joy A. Mench
Stereotypic behavior is an important indicator of compromised welfare. Zoo elephants are documented to perform stereotypic behavior, but the factors that contribute to performance have not been systematically assessed. We collected behavioral data on 89 elephants (47 African [Loxodonta...
Elephant-initiated interactions with humans: individual differences and specific preferences in captive African elephants (Loxodonta africana)
| Contributor(s):: Rossman, Z. T., C Padfield, D Young, LA Hart
South Africa has seen a recent increase in the number of African elephants (Loxodonta africana) maintained in reserves and parks and managed in free contact, where they may spend a significant amount of time in close proximity to humans. This study investigates how individual elephants choose to...
A comparison of zoo animal behavior in the presence of familiar and unfamiliar people
| Contributor(s):: Martin, R. A., Melfi, V.
As recorded in domestic nonhuman animals, regular interactions between animals in zoos and keepers and the resulting relationship formed (human-animal relationship [HAR]) are likely to influence the animals' behaviors with associated welfare consequences. HAR formation requires that zoo animals...
Reproductive Endocrinology and Musth Indicators in a Captive Asian Elephant (Elephas maximus)
| Contributor(s):: Duer, C., Tomasi, T., Abramson, C. I.
A Comparison of Zoo Animal Behavior in the Presence of Familiar and Unfamiliar People
Reproductive endocrinology and musth indicators in a captive Asian elephant (Elephas maximus)
| Contributor(s):: Duer, Connie, Tomasi, Tom, Abramson, Charles I.
Detusking Fence-Breaker Elephants as an Approach in Human-Elephant Conflict Mitigation
| Contributor(s):: Matthew Mutinda, Geoffrey Chenge, Francis Gakuya, Moses Otiende, Patrick Omondi, Samuel Kasiki, Ramon C. Soriguer, Samer Alasaad
BackgroundHuman-elephant conflict (HEC) is a recurring problem that appears wherever the range of elephants and humans overlap. Different methods including the use of electric fences are used worldwide to mitigate this conflict. Nonetheless, elephants learn quickly that their tusks do not conduct...
First reported case of fatal tuberculosis in a wild African elephant with past human-wildlife contact
| Contributor(s):: Vincent Obanda, J. Poghon, M. Yongo, I. Mulei, M. Ngotho, K. Waititu, J. Makumi, F. Gakuya, P. Omondi, R.C. Soriguer, S. Alasaad
Tuberculosis is emerging/re-emerging in captive elephant populations, where it causes morbidity and deaths, although no case of TB in wild African elephants has been reported. In this paper we report the first case of fatal TB in an African elephant in the wild. The infection with Mycobacterium...
Prevalence of stereotypies and its possible causes among captive Asian elephants ( Elephas maximus) in Tamil Nadu, India
| Contributor(s):: Vanitha, Varadharajan, Thiyagesan, Krishnamoorthy, Baskaran, Nagarajan
Animals in captivity are often confined in small barren enclosures, preventing adequate exercise, and socialization with conspecifics. Captivity is also known for depriving young individuals' association with maternal relatives by weaning away from their mothers' earlier than what their peers...
The Ethical Disconnect of the Circus: Humanity's acceptance of Performing Elephants
| Contributor(s):: Jaynes, Mike
Shooting Elephants in Zimbabwe: An Intellectual Journey
| Contributor(s):: Simonsen, Ken
Social group formation and genetic relatedness in reintroduced Asian elephants ( Elephas maximus) in Thailand
| Contributor(s):: Thitaram, C., Dejchaisri, S., Somgird, C., Angkawanish, T., Brown, J., Phumphuay, R., Chomdech, S., Kangwanpong, D.
Captive-held elephants were recruited from several parts of Thailand and released as part of a reintroduction project. Wild elephants with a herd matriarch generally contain the same matrilineal line and are genetically related. However, reintroduced elephants are less likely to be related, but...
African elephants ( Loxodonta africana) can detect TNT using olfaction: implications for biosensor application
| Contributor(s):: Miller, A. K., Hensman, M. C., Hensman, S., Schultz, K., Reid, P., Shore, M., Brown, J., Furton, K. G., Lee, S.
The impact of war on local wildlife can be devastating, the effects of which are often felt well beyond the terminus of the initial threat. In areas where wildlife experiences unrestricted movement through previously affected zones, residual, unexploded landmines present a significant and...
The African Elephant and The United States' Effect on The Survival of The Species
| Contributor(s):: Laurel Mcneill
Initially, this paper will explore the major conditions affecting African elephant populations, the deleterious relationship between these animals and humans, and what is necessary to strike a balance for successful coexistence. The focus will then move towards an examination of the federal...
Western ideas about elephants
| Contributor(s):: Lyngø, Inger Johanne
The eyes of elephants: changing perceptions
| Contributor(s):: Rothfels, Nigel
Mennesker og elefanter: om tolkninger af Afrikas elefanter i Afrika og Europa
| Contributor(s):: Svennevig, Ingeborg
World of elephants
| Contributor(s):: Mussi, Margherita
GPS technology as a proxy tool for determining relationships in social animals: an example with African elephants
| Contributor(s):: Hacker, C. E., Horback, K. M., Miller, L. J.
The potential application of GPS technology in determining relationships among social animals was addressed in this study of eight African elephants residing at the San Diego Zoo Safari Park in Escondido, CA, USA between 2009 and 2011. GPS coordinates were collected over nine 24 h periods from...
Conservation for Whom? Elephant Conservation and Elephant Conservationists in Thailand
| Contributor(s):: Suphawat Laohachaiboon
This paper traces the historical development of elephant conservation in Thailand through the exploration of two interrelated state organizations: the Thai Elephant Conservation Center (TECC) and the National Elephant Institute (NEI). By examining their ideological construction, policies and...