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Relevant Measures to Prevent the Spread of African Swine Fever in the European Union Domestic Pig Sector
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| Contributor(s):: Cristina Jurado, Marta Martinez-Aviiles, Ana De La Torre, Marina Stukelj, Helena Cardosa de Carvalho Ferreira, Monica Cerioli, Jose Manuel Sanchez-Vizcaino, Silvia Bellini
During the past decade, African swine fever (ASF) has spread from the Caucasus region to eastern European Union countries affecting domestic pig and wild boar populations. In order to avert ASF spread, mitigation measures targeting both populations have been established. However, despite these...
MLVA and LPS Characteristics of Brucella canis Isolated from Humans and Dogs in Zhejiang, China
| Contributor(s):: Dongri Piao, Heng Wang, Dongdong Di, Guozhong Tian, Jiantong Luo, Wenjie Gao, Hongyan Zhao, Weimin Xu, Weixing Fan, Hai Jiang
Brucella canis is a pathogenic bacterium that causes brucellosis in dogs, and its zoonotic potential has been increasing in recent years. 32 B. canis strains were divided into 26 genotypes using MLVA-16. The comprehensive approaches have been used to analyze human and...
VetCompass Australia: A National Big Data Collection System for Veterinary Science
| Contributor(s):: Paul McGreevy, Peter Thomson, Navneet K. Dhand, David Raubenheimer, Sophie Masters, Caroline S. Mansfield, Timothy Baldwin, Ricardo J. Soares Magalhaes, Jacquie Rand, Peter Hill, Anne Peaston, James Gilkerson, Martin Combs, Shane Raidal, Peter Irwin, Peter Irons, Richard Squires, David Brodbelt, Jeremy Hammond
VetCompass Australia is veterinary medical records-based research coordinated with the global VetCompass endeavor to maximize its quality and effectiveness for Australian companion animals (cats, dogs, and horses). Bringing together all seven Australian veterinary schools, it is the first...
Prevalence of Canine Obesity, Obesity-Related Metabolic Dysfunction, and Relationship with Owner Obesity in an Obesogenic Region of Spain
| Contributor(s):: J. Alberto Montoya-Alonso, Inmaculada Bautista-Castaño, Cristina Peña, Lourdes Suárez, M. Candelaria Juste, Asta Tvarijonaviciute
The main objective of this study was to evaluate the prevalence of canine obesity and obesity-related metabolic dysfunction (ORMD) in the obesogenic area in Spain. The prevalence of overweight/obesity among owners of obese pets was also evaluated. In the sample population studied (93 client-owned...
Application of Survival Analysis and Multistate Modeling to Understand Animal Behavior: Examples from Guide Dogs
| Contributor(s):: Lucy Asher, Naomi D. Harvey, Martin Green, Gary C. W. England
Epidemiology is the study of patterns of health-related states or events in populations. Statistical models developed for epidemiology could be usefully applied to behavioral states or events. The aim of this study is to present the application of epidemiological statistics to understand animal...
Tuberculosis and One Health – What is in a Name?
| Contributor(s):: Susanna Sternberg Lewerin
Most control programs for bovine tuberculosis include reporting to both veterinary and public health authorities, and measures to prevent transmission from animals to humans. On the other hand, reporting of human cases to veterinary authorities is rare, unless an animal source is suspected....
"Who's been a good dog?" - Owner perceptions and motivations for treat giving
| Contributor(s):: White, G. A., Ward, L., Pink, C., Craigon, J., Millar, K. M.
Complex relationships commonly exist between owners and their companion animals, particularly around feeding behaviour with an owner's affection or love for their animal most pronounced through the provision of food. It is notable that the pet food market is experiencing strong year-on-year...
A prospective exploration of farm, farmer, and animal characteristics in human-animal relationships: an epidemiological survey
| Contributor(s):: Roches, A. de B. des, Veissier, I., Boivin, X., Gilot-Fromont, E., Mounier, L.
Human-animal relationships are essential for dairy farming. They affect work comfort and efficiency, as well as milk production. A poor human-animal relationship can result in stress and accidents to both animals and caretakers and needs to be improved. However, many studies have demonstrated the...
Veterinary Public Health Collaborations: An Essential Component of Future Public Health Preparedness
| Contributor(s):: Bryan C. Gooding
Veterinarians protect the public's health by serving in multiple roles as epidemiologists, food inspectors, and veterinary medical officers in local, state, federal, and military organizations. One of the more prominent roles that veterinarians play in the public health arena is preventing...
Epidemiological and Genetic Data Supporting the Transmission of Ancylostoma ceylanicum among Human and Domestic Animals
| Contributor(s):: Romano Ngui, Yvonne A. L. Lim, Rebecca Traub, Rohela Mahmud, Mohd Sani Mistam
Currently, information on species-specific hookworm infection is unavailable in Malaysia and is restricted worldwide due to limited application of molecular diagnostic tools. Given the importance of accurate identification of hookworms, this study was conducted as part of an ongoing molecular...
Overweight and obese pet owners: respondent and pet characteristics in the rural Midwestern United States
| Contributor(s):: Heuberger, R. A., Garner, J. A., Corby, A., DeWitt, K., Sluis, R. vander
The obesity epidemic has impacted both people and pets in the rural Midwestern United States (MWUS). Tailoring health advice to the socio-demographic characteristics and dietary patterns of owners and their pets can help promote adherence to health behavior changes for owners and foster health...
Zoonosis control. Bronchisepica Bordetella infection. Epidemiological study of a case in the Basic Health Zone of Motril
| Contributor(s):: R. Estevez Jeronimo, Jose del Pino Martinez, Jose Antonio Fernandez Fernandez, M. Ocete Espinola, I.M. Casado, J. Peinado
Although Bordetella bronchiseptica is said to be found as the cause of respiratory tract disease in many animals, domestic and wild, it has rarely been implicated as a cause of infection in humans. This study includes a case with a patient at a clinic at the Motril Este Health Center....
The Epidemiology and Impact of Dog-Associated Zoonoses in Developed and Developing Countries
| Contributor(s):: Glenda Bingham
Dogs are an important part of human societies throughout the world. Although people derive many economic and health benefits from their relationships with dogs, these relationships are not without risk. Interaction with dogs can lead to an increased risk for zoonotic diseases, if the appropriate...
Using the incidence and impact of health conditions in guide dogs to investigate healthy ageing in working dogs
| Contributor(s):: Caron-Lormier, G., England, G. C. W., Green, M. J., Asher, L.
This study aimed to use retirement data from working guide dogs to investigate healthy ageing in dogs and the demographic factors that influence ageing. Using a dataset of 7686 dogs spanning 20 years, dogs withdrawn for health reasons before they reached retirement were identified. Cases of...
Characteristics of a canine distemper virus outbreak in Dichato, Chile following the February 2010 earthquake
| Contributor(s):: Garde, E., Perez, G., Acosta-Jamett, G., Bronsvoort, B. M.
Following the earthquake and tsunami disaster in Chile in February 2010, residents of Dichato reported high morbidity and mortality in dogs, descriptions of which resembled canine distemper virus (CDV). To assess the situation, free vaccine clinics were offered in April and May. Owner...
Quantitative assessment of human and pet exposure to Salmonella associated with dry pet foods
| Contributor(s):: Lambertini, E., Buchanan, R. L., Narrod, C., Ford, R. M., Baker, R. C., Pradhan, A. K.
Recent Salmonella outbreaks associated with dry pet foods and treats highlight the importance of these foods as previously overlooked exposure vehicles for both pets and humans. In the last decade efforts have been made to raise the safety of this class of products, for instance by upgrading...
Cumulative experience, age-class, sex and season affect the behavioural responses of European badgers ( Meles meles) to handling and sedation
| Contributor(s):: Sun, Q., Stevens, C., Newman, C., Buesching, C. D., Macdonald, D. W.
The restraint and sedation of wild animals has welfare implications, thus animal handling procedures should be well-informed and optimised to adhere to welfare standards. Furthermore, it is important that handling procedures should not cause future trap avoidance. This is of particular pertinence...
Suspected poisoning of domestic animals by pesticides
| Contributor(s):: Caloni, F., Cortinovis, C., Rivolta, M., Davanzo, F.
Human-canine interactions: A risk factor for dog bites?
| Contributor(s):: Messam, Locksley Landsdowne McVicker
Feline Upper Respiratory Disease Complex: The detection and epidemiology of respiratory pathogens in Midwestern feline shelter populations
| Contributor(s):: Uri Donnett
Feline Upper Respiratory Disease (FURD) is a complex disease characterized by, but not limited to, conjunctivitis, rhinitis, and tracheitis. Several pathogens encompass this disease including Feline Rhinotracheitis Virus (FHV), Feline Calicivirus (FCV), Chlamydophila felis (C. felis) , Bordatella...