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Is a "Good Death" at the Time of Animal Slaughter an Essentially Contested Concept?
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Contributor(s):: Qurat ulAin, Terry L. Whiting
The question of how to kill animals for food has persisted unresolved in the Anglo-American and European social and political discourse for more than a century. Scientific informed narrative has been directed at “documenting” the experience of the slaughtered animal in the last few...
Brazilian Citizens' Opinions and Attitudes about Farm Animal Production Systems
Contributor(s):: Maria C. Yunes, Marina A. G. von Keyserlingk, Maria J. Hotzel
The inclusion of societal input is needed for food animal production industries to retain their “social license to operate”. Little is known about the knowledge and attitudes of Brazilian citizens regarding food animal production systems. The aim of this study was to explore the...
The Road to Hell Is Paved with Good Intentions: Why Harm–Benefit Analysis and Its Emphasis on Practical Benefit Jeopardizes the Credibility of Research
Contributor(s):: Herwig Grimm, Matthias Eggel, Anna Deplazes-Zemp, Nikola Biller-Andorno
It is our concern that European Union Directive 2010/63/EU with its current project evaluation of animal research in the form of a harm–benefit analysis may lead to an erosion of the credibility of research. The HBA assesses whether the inflicted harm on animals is outweighed by potential...
American Citizens' Views of an Ideal Pig Farm
Contributor(s):: Patrycia Sato, Maria J. Hotzel, Marina A.G. von Keyserlingk
Food animal production practices are often cited as having negative animal welfare consequences. The U.S. swine industry has not been exempt from such criticisms. Little is known, however, about how lay citizens who are not actively engaged in agricultural discussions, think about swine...
Review of Animals and the Economy
Contributor(s):: Bob Fischer
Fischer reviews Animals and the Economy.
Review of The Moral Complexities of Eating Meat
Contributor(s):: Andy Lamey
Andy Lamey reviews The Moral Complexities of Eating Meat. Lamey analyzes the arguments presented in the book and offers insightful concurrence with authors
Review of Interspecies Ethics
Contributor(s):: Thomas E. Randall
This paper provides a review of Cynthia Willett's book Interspecies Ethics. Willett aims to outline the beginnings of biosocial eros ethics – an ethical outline that sketches the potentiality of a cross-species cosmopolitan ideal of compassion (agape), derived...
Review of Beating Hearts: Abortion and Animal Rights
Contributor(s):: Mylan Engel Jr.
In their recent book, Sherry Colb and Michael Dorf defend the following ethical theses: (1) sentience is sufficient for possessing the right not to be harmed and the right not to be killed; (2) killing sentient animals for food is almost always seriously wrong; (3) aborting pre-sentient fetuses...
Carnivorous Companions and the Vegetarian's Dilemma
Contributor(s):: Patrick J. Clipsham
This paper is concerned with a problem that arises within ethical frameworks that imply that it is wrong for humans to consume meat or other animal products when vegan alternatives are available. The specific problem relates to the ethical difficulties associated with beginning a relationship...
The Italian Agreement between the Government and the Regional Authorities: National Guidelines for AAI and Institutional Context
Contributor(s):: Martina Simonato, Marta De Santis, Laura Contalbrigo, Daniele Benedetti, Elisabetta Finocchi Mahne, Vincenzo Ugo Santucci, Silvio Borrello, Luca Farina
Animal-assisted interventions (AAI) have developed considerably in the last half century, prompting various private and public realities dealing with AAI worldwide to work on and establish standards and best practice. However, AAI are still far from being regulated harmoniously. In this context,...
Standards for the academic veterinary medical library
Contributor(s):: Sarah Anne Murphy, Martha A. Bedard, Jill Crawley-Low, Diane Fagen, Jean-Paul Jetté
The Standards Committee of the Veterinary Medical Libraries Section was appointed in May 2000 and charged to create standards for the ideal academic veterinary medical library, written from the perspective of veterinary medical librarians. The resulting Standards for the Academic Veterinary...
Dierbare metgezellen : Domeinbeschrijving Dierenwelzijn
Contributor(s):: Irma Ennik, Lenny van Erp, Hans Hopster, Wim Meijberg, Marianne Poorthuis, Marko Ruis
Dierenwelzijn is een complex thema met wetenschappelijke, ethische en maatschappelijke invalshoeken. Om dit thema beter voor het onderwijs toegankelijk te maken hebben Stichting Veldwerk Nederland, het lectoraat Welzijn van Dieren van de Hogeschool Van Hall Larenstein en de Christelijke...
Human-Animal Studies: chov hospodářských zvířat - právní, ekonomické, ekologické a etické aspekty
Contributor(s):: Klára Podimáková
Práce se zabývá vztahem mezi lidskými aktéry a hospodářskými zvířaty v heterogenním kolektivu. Zjišťuje, jakým způsobem je podmíněné chování lidí, kteří se starají o...
The Case For Consideration of Animal Rights and Ethics to Reform the Commercial Dog Breeding Industry
Contributor(s):: Nicholas Ian Waychoff
Zoo Animals, Livestock, and Pets, Oh MY! An Exploration of the Ethics of Captive Breeding
Contributor(s):: Colleen McArdle
What is captive breeding? Captive breeding is a mode of breeding in which humans decide which animals will be parents and arrange reproduction for purposes that we define. Zoos have used it as a conservation strategy in the United States since the 1960’s, but it is also used to breed...
Wildlife viewing and ecotourism : ethical, scientific, and value-based considerations
Contributor(s):: Anton D. Pitts
Management of wildlife viewing tourism, possibly as a legacy of management of hunting and trapping activities, tends to see its ultimate goal largely in terms of the sustainable human use of wildlife resources. However, where the potential impacts of human activities are non-lethal, the focus on...
Post-communist canine: a feminist approach to women and dogs in canine performance sports in Poland
Contributor(s):: Wlodarczyk, J.
The article attempts to present the complexity of relationships between women, capitalism, democracy, and competitive dog training in post-communist Poland. The article documents the correlation between increased involvement of women in competitive canine sports in Poland after 1989, changes in...
Caregiver/orangutan relationships at Auckland Zoo: empathy, friendship, and ethics between species
Contributor(s):: Palmer, A., Malone, N., Park, J.
Drawing on ethnographic, ethological, and historical data, we examined the relationships between orangutans and caregivers at Auckland Zoo. Caregivers displayed high levels of empathy and adjusted their husbandry routines to their interpretations of the orangutans' moods. Caregivers experienced...
Animal ethics profiling of vegetarians, vegans and meat-eaters
Contributor(s):: Lund, T. B., McKeegan, D. E. F., Cribbin, C., Sandoe, P.
The aims of this study were to identify the animal ethical profile of vegetarians, vegans, and meat-eaters. Using questionnaire data collected in 2013 (n=356), we measured propensity to subscribe to five different positions within animal ethics based on a novel measure of animal ethical stance...
Living with the beast: wolves and humans through Portuguese literature
Contributor(s):: Lopes-Fernandes, M., Soares, F., Frazao-Moreira, A., Queiroz, A. I.
This paper explores representations of wolves in Portuguese literature using an anthropological framework to analyze perceptions, beliefs, knowledge, and practices. From a literary corpus compilation, 262 excerpts from 68 works that made reference to wolves were classified by grid analysis into...