Citizen attitudes to farm animals in Finland: a population-based study
Contributor(s):: Kupsala, S., Vinnari, M., Jokinen, P., Rasanen, P.
Citizen attitudes and opinions form an important driving force for improvements in the ethical status of farm animals in society. Hence, it is important to understand how attitudes to farm animals vary in society and what factors, mechanisms and social processes influence the development of these...
Factors affecting penetrating captive bolt gun performance
Contributor(s):: Gibson, T. J., Mason, C. W., Spence, J. Y., Barker, H., Gregory, N. G.
Captive bolt stunning is used for rendering livestock insensible at slaughter. The mechanical factors relating to performance of 6 penetrating captive bolt gun (CBG) models were examined. The Matador Super Securit 3000 and the .25 Cash Euro Stunner had the highest kinetic energy values (443 J and...
Fish consumption: choices in the intersection of public concern, fish welfare, food security, human health and climate change
Contributor(s):: Rocklinsberg, H.
Future global food insecurity due to growing population as well as changing consumption demands and population growth is sometimes suggested to be met by increase in aquaculture production. This raises a range of ethical issues, seldom discussed together: fish welfare, food security, human...
Maintaining trust and credibility in a continuously evolving organic food system
Contributor(s):: Thorsoe, M. H.
Credibility is particularly important in organic food systems because there are only marginal visual and sensorial differences between organic and conventionally produced products, requiring consumers to trust in producers' quality claims. In this article I explore what challenges the credibility...
Of cows and women: gendered human-animal relationships in Finnish agriculture
Contributor(s):: Kaarlenkaski, T.
In the Nordic countries, the tending of cattle was regarded as women's work in agrarian culture. This was also the case in Finland, where the gendered division of labor on farms was fairly strict until the mid-20th century. The purpose of this article is to discuss the gendered representations of...
Pastoral power and the limits of Victorian nonhuman animal protection
Contributor(s):: Feuerstein, A.
This paper argues that the Christian discourse disseminated by the Royal Society for the Prevention of Cruelty to Animals (rspca) in the early Victorian period represents nonhuman animals as complicit in their own subjection. Using Foucault's notion of pastoral power - a power of care - we can...
The rationality of biofuel certification: a critical examination of EU biofuel policy
Contributor(s):: Pols, A. J. K.
Certification for biofuels has been developed to ensure that biofuel production methods adhere to social and environmental sustainability standards. As such, requiring biofuel production to be certified has become part of EU policy through the 2009 renewable energy directive (RED), that aims to...
Elephant slaves and pampered parrots: Exotic animals and their meanings in eighteenth-century France
Contributor(s):: Robbins, Louise Enders
"Riding up forested mountain sides, in wide open spaces, and with walls": developing an ecology of horse-human relationships
Contributor(s):: Davis, D., Maurstad, A., Cowles, S.
An ethological approach to determining housing requirements of gamebirds in raised laying units
Contributor(s):: Matheson, S. M., Donbavand, J., Sandilands, V., Pennycott, T., Turner, S. P.
Each year, the UK rears around 20-30 million pheasants and 3-6 million red-legged partridges for shooting purposes. However, welfare organisations and some members of the gamebird industry itself have raised concerns about the use of raised laying units for breeding gamebirds. Although the...
Ancient camelids in the Old World - between Arabia and Europe
Contributor(s):: Mashkour, M., Beech, M.
This special issue contains topics on the history, use and value of camels in different areas of the world, including Yemen, Saudi Arabia, Turkey, Romania, Hungary and Serbia.
Calf mortality in semi-domestic reindeer ( Rangifer tarandus) in a Scottish herd: the impact of maternal age and individual differences between cow
Contributor(s):: Jorgensen, M. W., Jarvis, S., Brewer, M. J., Goddard, P. J.
High calf mortality rate is a significant problem facing semi-domestic reindeer ( Rangifer tarandus) production around the world. Mortality rates, commonly due to predation, can range from 5 to 70%, which constitutes a great welfare concern. This study examined the influence of quantifiable...
Camels from Roman imperial sites in Serbia
Contributor(s):: Vukovic-Bogdanovic, S., Blazic, S.
This paper presents camel remains identified in Roman sites in Serbia. The remains originate from Viminacium, the capital of Roman province Moesia, and from the 3rd-4th century Villa rustica in the locality of Vranj, in the province of Pannonia. In Viminacium, they were found in a 4th century...
Camels in Romania
Contributor(s):: Balasescu, A.
A large number of animal remains (186 pieces) were accidentally discovered in 2008, during construction works on a private property in Agighiol village (Tulcea County), in an area previously unknown to have archaeological relevance. This material led to the identification of camel remains (155...
Camels in the front line
Contributor(s):: Bartosiewicz, L.
This paper is a short comment on the historical perception of camels in Europe with special regard to Ottoman Turkish occupation in the Carpathian Basin. Regardless of their varied functions ranging from tokens of royal selfrepresentation to mundane beasts of burden or war machinery, these...
Comparative study of trophic behaviour and herd structure in wild and feral goats living in a Mediterranean island: management implications
Contributor(s):: Rivera-Sanchez, L., Cassinello Roldan, J., Baraza Ruiz, E., BartolomeFilella, J.
The aim of this study was to compare the trophic behaviour and the social structure of Majorcan wild goats and feral goats present in the island of Majorca. The former are descendants of an ancestral goat ecotype introduced in the island in the late Neolithic, whereas feral goats come from...
Consistent individual differences in the behavioural responsiveness of adult male cuttlefish ( Sepia officinalis)
Contributor(s):: Carere, C., Grignani, G., Bonanni, R., Gala, M. della, Carlini, A., Angeletti, D., Cimmaruta, R., Nascetti, G., Mather, J. A.
Consistent individual differences in clusters of behaviour (animal personalities) are being increasingly recognized by researchers of different disciplines, but studies on invertebrates are still scanty. In order to test for the presence of personality-like individual profiles we assessed the...
Enteric pathogens of dogs and cats with public health implications
Contributor(s):: Kantere, M., Athanasiou, L. V., Chatzopoulos, D. C., Spyrou, V., Valiakos, G., Kontos, V., Billinis, C.
Dogs and cats play an important role in modern society, enhancing the psychological and physiological well-being of many people. However, there are well-documented health risks associated with human animal interactions. More specifically, enteric pathogens of zoonotic risk which are transmitted...
Influence of biographical variables and academic background on attitudes towards animal-assisted interventions
Contributor(s):: Lopez-Cepero, J., Perea-Mediavilla, M. A., Sarasola, J. L., Tejada, A.
Over the past two decades, there has been increasing evidence of the benefits of animal-assisted interventions (AAI) among diverse groups and settings. However, little is known of the variables that can affect the attitudes of professionals towards these interventions. Two studies were done with...
Is dandelion rubber more natural? Naturalness, biotechnology and the transition towards a bio-based society
Contributor(s):: Zwart, H., Krabbenborg, L., Zwier, J.
In the unfolding debate on the prospects, challenges and viability of the imminent transition towards a 'Bio-Based Society' (BBS) or 'Bio-based Economy' - i.e. the replacement of fossil fuels by biomass as a basic resource for the production of energy, materials and food, 'big' concepts tend to...