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All Categories (21-40 of 102)

  1. Comparison of antimicrobial resistance patterns of Salmonella spp. and Escherichia coli recovered from pet dogs from volunteer households in Ontario (2005-06)

    Contributor(s):: Leonard, E. K., Pearl, D. L., Finley, R. L., Janecko, N., Reid-Smith, R. J., Peregrine, A. S., Weese, J. S.

  2. Cryptosporidium spp. in pet birds: genetic diversity and potential public health significance

    Contributor(s):: Qi, M., Wang, R., Ning, C., Li, X., Zhang, L., Jian, F., Sun, Y., Xiao, L.

  3. Detection of zoonotic intestinal parasites in public parks of Spain. Potential epidemiological role of microsporidia

    Contributor(s):: Dado, D., Izquierdo, F., Vera, O., Montoya, A., Mateo, M., Fenoy, S., Galvan, A. L., Garcia, S., Garcia, A., Aranguez, E., Lopez, L., del Aguila, C., Miro, G.

  4. DNA detection and genotypic identification of potentially human-pathogenic microsporidia from asymptomatic pet parrots in South Korea as a risk factor for zoonotic emergence

    Contributor(s):: Lee, So-Young, Lee, Sung-Seok, Lyoo, Young S., Park, Hee-Myung

  5. Microsporidia in household dogs and cats in Iran: a zoonotic concern

    Contributor(s):: Jamshidi, Sh., Tabrizi, A. Shojaee, Bahrami, M., Momtaz, H.

  6. Pet dogs--a transmission route for human noroviruses?

    Contributor(s):: Summa, M., von Bonsdorff, C. H., Maunula, L.

  7. Sentinel surveillance for zoonotic parasites in companion animals in indigenous communities of Saskatchewan

    Contributor(s):: Schurer, J. M., Hill, J. E., Fernando, C., Jenkins, E. J.

  8. A case study: fecal corticosteroid and behavior as indicators of welfare during relocation of an Asian elephant

    Contributor(s):: Laws, N., Ganswindt, A., Heistermann, M., Harris, M., Harris, S., Sherwin, C.

    This study was a preliminary investigation of an enzyme immunoassay for measuring fecal glucocorticoid metabolites in a male Asian elephant (Elephas maximus) by investigating changes in behavior and cortisol metabolite excretion associated with a putative stressful event. The study collected...

  9. A survey of attitudes of local citizens of a residential area toward urban stray cats in Japan

    Contributor(s):: Uetake, K., Yamada, S., Yano, M., Tanaka, T.

    This study surveyed the attitudes of local residents living in an urban area in Japan toward stray cats. An anonymous questionnaire asked local residents (359 houses) about their attitudes toward stray cats. Responses were received from 126 houses (35%). Answers about nuisance, respondents'...

  10. Effect of breed, cage type, and reproductive phase on fecal corticosterone levels in doe rabbits

    Contributor(s):: Prola, L., Cornale, P., Renna, M., Macchi, E., Perona, G., Mimosi, A.

    Fecal corticosterone concentration (FCC) is increasingly being used as a noninvasive indicator of stress in assessment of nonhuman animal welfare. The aim of this study was to evaluate effects of breed, cage type, reproductive phase, and their interactions on FCC levels in doe rabbits. A total of...

  11. Frustrated appetitive foraging behavior, stereotypic pacing, and fecal glucocorticoid levels in snow leopards ( Uncia uncia ) in the Zurich Zoo

    Contributor(s):: Burgener, N., Gusset, M., Schmid, H.

    This study hypothesized that permanently frustrated, appetitive-foraging behavior caused the stereotypic pacing regularly observed in captive carnivores. Using 2 adult female snow leopards (U), solitarily housed in the Zurich Zoo, the study tested this hypothesis experimentally with a novel...

  12. Impact of zoo visitors on the fecal cortisol levels and behavior of an endangered species: Indian blackbuck ( Antelope cervicapra L.)

    Contributor(s):: Thangavel, Rajagopal, Govindaraju, Archunan, Mahadevan, Sekar

    This study investigated behavioral activities (resting, moving, aggressive, social, and reproductive behavior) and fecal cortisol levels in 8 individually identified adult male blackbucks during periods of varying levels of zoo visitors (zero, low, high, and extremely high zoo visitor density)....

  13. Operant conditioning of urination by calves

    Contributor(s):: Vaughan, A., Passille, A. M. de, Stookey, J., Rushen, J.

    The accumulation of faeces and urine in dairy barns is a cause of cattle and human health concerns and environmental problems. It is usually assumed that cattle are not capable of controlling defecation and urination. We tested whether calves could be taught to urinate in a location using either...

  14. Responses by wild house mice ( Mus musculus) to various stimuli in a novel environment

    Contributor(s):: Witmer, G. W., Snow, N. P., Moulton, R. S.

    House mice ( Mus musculus) pose a threat to the native flora and fauna on islands, and can cause significant damage wherever they have been introduced. Methods used to eradicate invasive rodents, like house mice, at high population densities may not be appropriate for intercepting them at lower...

  15. The effect of conspecific removal on the behaviour and physiology of pair-housed shelter dogs

    Contributor(s):: Walker, J. K., Waran, N. K., Phillips, C. J. C.

    Dogs ( Canis familiaris) are a highly social species and within a shelter environment pair-housing is recommended to prevent the stress associated with social isolation. Separation of individuals which may have formed bonds in this environment is a usual occurrence, as a result of rehoming or...

  16. Abnormal behaviour in captive sooty mangabeys

    Contributor(s):: Crast, J., Bloomsmith, M. A., Perlman, J. E., Meeker, T. L., Remillard, C. M.

    The influence of several factors on abnormal behaviour was investigated in 46 singly housed sooty mangabeys ( Cercocebus atys) (eight nursery-reared, 38 mother-reared), including self-injurious, self-directed, stereotypic locomotion, and faeces/urine-related behaviours (SIB, SDB, SL, FUR,...

  17. Additional foraging elements reduce abnormal behaviour - fur-chewing and stereotypic behaviour - in farmed mink ( Neovison vison)

    Contributor(s):: Malmkvist, J., Palme, R., Svendsen, P. M., Hansen, S. W.

    We investigated whether provision of additional appetitive and consummatory elements of foraging reduces baseline stress and abnormal behaviour - in terms of fur-chewing and stereotypic behaviour - in farmed mink. We studied 200 juveniles ( n=100 females and 100 males) during the 5-month growth...

  18. Associations of behaviour with secretory immunoglobulin A and cortisol in domestic cats during their first week in an animal shelter

    Contributor(s):: Gourkow, N., LaVoy, A., Dean, G. A., Phillips, C. J. C.

    We tested the hypothesis that during their first week in an animal shelter, cats exhibit groups of behaviours that are connected to mucosal immune and adrenal responses. The behaviour of 34 cats was observed from admission to day 5 and immunoglobulin A (S-IgA) and cortisol were quantified from...

  19. Behaviour and welfare in donkeys during therapies and activities assisted with animals (AAT/AAA) simulation

    Contributor(s):: Amendola, S., Macchi, E., Rasola, M., Carluccio, A., Marsilio, F., Contri, A., Sfirro, M. P., Ponzio, P.

  20. Behavioural and physiological reactions of goats confronted with an unfamiliar group either when alone or with two peers

    Contributor(s):: Patt, A., Gygax, L., Wechsler, B., Hillmann, E., Palme, R., Keil, N. M.