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  1. Genies of the Opacity of Human-Animal Relationships in Kakande, Guinea

    Contributor(s):: Vincent Leblan, Blandine Bricka

    This article investigates what it means for some inhabitants of northwestern Guinea to relate to the realm of 'nature' and, more specifically, to animals that are categorized as 'wild' by Westerners. The materials analysed in this article include villagers' narratives about...

  2. Whale shark tourism in Ningaloo Marine Park, Australia

    Contributor(s):: Davis, D.

    Surveys conducted among whale shark tourists in Ningaloo Marine Park, off the coast of Western Australia, yielded 464 responses in 1995 and 376 in 1996. Multivariate analysis of variance (MANOVA) is used to compare attitudes towards management questions relating to human-to-shark separation...

  3. Less common house pets

    Contributor(s):: Chomel, B. B., Schlossberg, D.

    This chapter focuses on the major health threats associated with exposure of humans to less common house pets. The viral, bacterial, parasitic and mycotic zoonoses transmitted by pet rabbits, rodents, reptiles, amphibians, ornamental aquarium fish, ferrets, bats and nonhuman primates are...

  4. Risk assessment of genetically modified food and neoliberalism: an argument for democratizing the regulatory review protocol of the Food and Drug Administration

    Contributor(s):: Meghani, Z.

    The primary responsibility of the US Food and Drug Administration (FDA) is to protect public health by ensuring the safety of the food supply. To that end, it sometimes conducts risk assessments of novel food products, such as genetically modified (GM) food. The FDA describes its regulatory...

  5. The leading Canadian NGOs' discourse on fish farming: from ecocentric intuitions to biocentric solutions

    Contributor(s):: Pigeon, L. E., Letourneau, L.

    The development of the aquaculture industry in Canada has triggered a conflict of a scope never seen before. As stated in Young and Matthews' The Aquaculture Controversy, this debate has "mushroomed over the past several decades to become one of the most bitter and stubborn face-offs over...

  6. Our Special Friends

    Contributor(s):: Belinda Johnston

  7. Institute for the Study of Human-Animal Relationships (ISHAR)

    Canisius College affirms its strong commitment to the advancement of ethical thought as it pertains to mankind’s relationship with nature and the other species with which we share the planet.  The Canisius College Institute for the Study of Human-Animal Relationships (ISHAR) is at the...

  8. Animal rights activists and their perceptions of recreational fishing

    Contributor(s):: Carol Elizabeth Thailing

    Animal rights is a social movement founded on the principle that non-human animals possess intrinsic value and inherent rights rather than merely instrumental value. Hunting is among historical targets of the movement. With few exceptions, most animal rights groups have not targeted recreational...

  9. Aggression and welfare in a common aquarium fish, the Midas cichlid

    Contributor(s):: Oldfield, R. G.

    Many species of fishes are aggressive when placed in small aquaria. Aggression can negatively affect the welfare of those individuals toward whom it is directed. Animals may behave aggressively in order to defend resources such as food, shelter, mates, and offspring. The decision to defend...

  10. Fish in aquariums for aesthetically enhancing public spaces (AAEPS): an incipient welfare issue?

    Contributor(s):: Soo, P., Todd, P. A.

    In Disney/Pixar's phenomenally popular animated film Finding Nemo (Stanton, 2003), one of the central themes of fish welfare was highlighted when the moorish idol, Gill, commented, "Fish aren't meant to be kept in a box, kid. It does things to you." The notion that fish might have the capacity to...

  11. Investigating fear in rainbow trout ( Oncorhynchus mykiss ) using the conditioned-suppression paradigm

    Contributor(s):: Yue, S., Duncan, I. J. H., Moccia, R. D.

    Trout learned the operant task of pendulum-pressing for a food-reward in a mean of 4.3 sessions lasting 1 hr. In a separate phase, fish also learned - through classical conditioning - to associate a neutral light cue with an aversive stimulus. When again allowed to pendulum-press for food, after...

  12. Physiological responses in wild broodstocks of the Caspian Kutum (Rutilus frisii kutum) subjected to transportation stress

    Contributor(s):: Nikoo, M., Falahatkar, B.

  13. The use of positive reinforcement in training zebra sharks ( Stegostoma fasciatum)

    Contributor(s):: Marranzino, A.

    Positive reinforcement training (PRT) was used on 4 adult zebra sharks, Stegostoma fasciatum, housed at the Downtown Aquarium, Denver, to determine the ability of zebra sharks to become desensitized to various stimuli associated with veterinary procedures. One male and 3 female sharks were...

  14. Variations of some physiological and immunological parameters in Siberian sturgeon ( Acipenser baerii, Brandt, 1869) subjected to an acute stressor

    Contributor(s):: Eslamloo, K., Falahatkar, B.

    This study was carried out to investigate the effect of an acute stressor on the variation of some physiological and immunological parameters of Siberian sturgeon ( Acipenser baerii) juveniles. Fish, reared in 3 tanks for 10 weeks, were used for this study. The acute stress of fish consisted of 2...

  15. ZooLab

    ZooLab deliver exciting, memorable and high quality animal handling experiences within the education sector and beyond. We never rest on our laurels and are continually looking at new ways of producing unforgettable, curriculum based workshops which promote animal welfare, environmental...

  16. Measuring the Benefits: Companion Animals and the Health of Older Persons

    Full-text: Available

    This review synthesises a wide body of literature concerning research into companion animals and the health of older persons. It is informed by a widely-held conviction among investigators that this research field has important implications for the future of societies and individuals. The human...

  17. Aggressiveness and locomotion activity related to hatching time in Matrinxa, Brycon amazonicus (Spix and Agassiz, 1829)

    Contributor(s):: Souza, E. C. M. de, Silva, J. P. da, Villacorta-Correa, M. A., Carvalho, T. B.

    Since agonistic interaction has been a major obstacle for fish hatchery and represents great economic losses for fish farmers, aggressiveness during the different post-hatching stages of the matrinxa, Brycon amazonicus, is analyzed and compared. Each group of three larvae was observed at six...

  18. Linking risk taking and the behavioral and metabolic responses to confinement stress in gilthead seabream Sparus aurata

    Contributor(s):: Herrera, M., Castanheira, M. F., Conceicao, L. E. C., Martins, C. I.

    Risk taking and avoidance responses during confinement have been identified in a variety of species, including fish. In addition, differences in metabolic rate have also been attributed to divergent personalities, coping styles or behavioral types. In this study we disclose for the first time a...

  19. Use of conditioned place preference/avoidance tests to assess affective states in fish

    Contributor(s):: Millot, S., Cerqueira, M., Castanheira, M. F., Overli, O., Martins, C. I. M., Oliveira, R. F.

    Animal welfare has been defined as the balance between positive and negative experiences or affective states. Despite the growing evidence of complex cognitive abilities and the expression of affective states such as pain and fear, very little is known about ability to experience memory based...

  20. Our Duties to Endangered Species

    Contributor(s):: Holmes Rolston III

    Few persons doubt that we have obligations concerning endangered species, because persons are helped or hurt by the condition of their environment, which includes a wealth of wild species, currently under alarming threat of extinction. Whether humans have duties directly to endangered species is...