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  1. The Value Chain Approach in One Health: Conceptual Framing and Focus on Present Applications and Challenges

    Full-text: Available

    | Contributor(s):: Nicolas Antoine-Moussiaux, Marisa Peyre, Pascal Bonnet, Charles Bebay, Mohammed Bengoumi, Astrid Tripodi

    The value chain (VC) is a major operational concept for socioeconomic analysis at meso level. Widely mobilized in development practice, it is still undergoing conceptual and practical refining, e.g., to take account of environmental and social sustainability. Briefly, VC refers to a system of...

  2. Beyond Animal Husbandry: The Study of Farm Animal Cognition and Ensuing Ethical Issues

    Full-text: Available

    | Contributor(s):: C C Croney, B Gardner, S Baggot

    Concerns about the welfare of agricultural animals in corporate or “factory farming” systems are growing. Increasingly, it is suggested that modern farm animal production practices are morally objectionable, causing physical and mental suffering to animals. Such criticisms are...

  3. Supporting the Development and Adoption of Automatic Lameness Detection Systems in Dairy Cattle: Effect of System Cost and Performance on Potential Market Shares

    | Contributor(s):: Tim Van De Gutcht, Stephanie Van Weyenberg, Annelies Van Nuffel, Ludwig Lauwers, Jurgen Vangeyte, Wouter Saeys

    Most automatic lameness detection system prototypes have not yet been commercialized, and are hence not yet adopted in practice. Therefore, the objective of this study was to simulate the effect of detection performance (percentage missed lame cows and percentage false alarms) and system cost on...

  4. Pig Age and Approachability Behavior to a Human Observer

    | Contributor(s):: Shawna Weimar, Anna K. Johnson, Kenneth J. Stalder, Locke A. Karriker, Thomas Fangman

    The objective of this experiment was to determine if nursery pig age affected how many pigs touched and orientated to a human, or were classified as not-orientated during a human-animal interaction test using live human observation and digital image collection methodology. A complete randomized...

  5. On farm welfare assessment of beef cattle using an environmentally-based welfare index and investigation of the human-animal relationship

    | Contributor(s):: Bernadette Earley, Mickael Mazurek, Margaret Murray, Daniel J. Prendiville

    On farm welfare assessment of beef cattle using an environmentally-based welfare index and investigation of the human-animal relationship. Study 1. Animal welfare index (AWI): an on-farm survey of beef suckler farms in Ireland. Study 2. Investigation and specificity of behavioural fear responses...

  6. Hazards of Getting Sick from Contact with Farm Animals at Fairs and Petting Zoos

    | Contributor(s):: Aurora A. Saulo

    Animals exhibited at fairs, farm centers, and in petting zoos are very popular and educational, and they bring much joy to people, especially children, but in addition to warm memories of holding them, there is risk that immunocompromised people may take home harmful—even...

  7. Human/Farm Animal Relationships

    | Contributor(s):: Jack L. Albright

    There are various combinations of human beings and farm animals. This paper attempts to evaluate those few studies of humans handling farm animals within a prescribed environment. Personality traits of dairy farmers and livestock people as determined by the Eysenck Personality Inventory (Eysenck...

  8. Human-Animal Studies: chov hospodářských zvířat - právní, ekonomické, ekologické a etické aspekty

    | Contributor(s):: Klára Podimáková

    Práce se zabývá vztahem mezi lidskými aktéry a hospodářskými zvířaty v heterogenním kolektivu. Zjišťuje, jakým způsobem je podmíněné chování lidí, kteří se starají o...

  9. Suomenkarjan käyttö terapiaeläimenä

    | Contributor(s):: Anu Kinnunen

    Suomen alkuperäiskarjojen annettiin miltei kuolla sukupuuttoon, ennen kuin niiden suojeluun viimein parikymmentä vuotta sitten havahduttiin. Arvokkaan geeniaineksen katoaminen olisi ollut kohtalokasta maamme jalostustyölle ja kotieläinlajien monimuotoisuudelle....

  10. Zoo Animals, Livestock, and Pets, Oh MY! An Exploration of the Ethics of Captive Breeding

    | Contributor(s):: Colleen McArdle

    What is captive breeding? Captive breeding is a mode of breeding in which humans decide which animals will be parents and arrange reproduction for purposes that we define. Zoos have used it as a conservation strategy in the United States since the 1960’s, but it is also used to breed...

  11. An assessment of community understanding of the Human Animal Conservancy Self-Insurance Scheme and the impact of human-wildlife conflicts : a case study from the Kwandu conservancy, north-east Namibia.

    | Contributor(s):: Marthin Kaukaha Kasaona

    The research problem of this mini-dissertation involves the conflicts between human and wildlife populations and the trialing of ‘compensation’ payouts that are emerging as a critical test within the conservancy. Crop raiders such as elephants, buffaloes, hippopotamus, bush pigs and...

  12. Nozīmju piešķiršana industriālo lopkopības fermu dzīvniekiem

    | Contributor(s):: Maija Krastiņa

    Bakalaura darba “Nozīmju piešķiršana industriālo lopkopības fermu dzīvniekiem” mērķis ir analizēt cilvēku-dzīvnieku attiecības starp kāvējiem un lauksaimniecības dzīvniekiem, it īpaši pievēršot uzmanību nozīmēm, kādas tiek piešķirtas dzīvniekiem un...

  13. A Systematic Assessment of Stress and Attention via short-term Canine Association: Differences Between Cognitive Functioning, Performance and Subjective Experience

    | Contributor(s):: Kristin Marie Finkbeiner

    Humans have coexisted with animals since the beginning, with their relationship evolving over time from one that was predatory-based (i.e. eat or be eaten), to fascination, to domestication, to integration into modern day society as pets or pests (Serpell, 1995). Many people recognize that...

  14. A interação humano-animal e o uso de homeopatia em bovinos de leite

    | Contributor(s):: Luciana Aparecida Honorato

    Um fator importante para o bem-estar de animais de produção é a forte interação humano-animal decorrente do processo de produção, que por sua vez, é norteada pelas atitudes dos humanos em relação aos animais. O objetivo deste...

  15. Hunters, Herders, and Hamburgers: The Past and Future of Human-Animal Relationships (review)

    | Contributor(s):: Edmund P. Russell

    Bulliett’s key argument rests on the distinction between two conditions: domesticity and postdomesticity. In domesticity, most members of a society have daily contact with domestic animals other than pets. Americans lived in this agrarian state in the past, and most of the developing world...

  16. Genetic and phenotypic evidence of the Salmonella enterica serotype Enteritidis human-animal interface in Chile

    | Contributor(s):: Patricio Retamal Merino, Marcela Fresno, Catherine Dougnac, Sindy Gutiérrez, Vanessa Gornall, Roberto Vidal, Rolando Vernal, Myriam Pujol, Marlen Barreto, Daniel González Acuña, Pedro Abalos Pineda

    Salmonella enterica serotype Enteritidis is a worldwide zoonotic agent that has been recognized as a very important food-borne bacterial pathogen, mainly associated with consumption of poultry products. The aim of this work was to determine genotypic and phenotypic evidence of S. Enteritidis...

  17. Ranging Behaviour of Commercial Free-Range Broiler Chickens 2: Individual Variation

    | Contributor(s):: Peta S Taylor, Paul H Hemsworth, Peter J Groves, Sabine G Gebhardt-Henrich, Jean-Loup Rault

    Little is known about broiler chicken ranging behaviour. Previous studies have monitored ranging behaviour at flock level but whether individual ranging behaviour varies within a flock is unknown. Using Radio Frequency Identification technology, we tracked 1200 individual ROSS 308 broiler...

  18. Ranging Behaviour of Commercial Free-Range Broiler Chickens 1: Factors Related to Flock Variability

    | Contributor(s):: Peta S Taylor, Paul H Hemsworth, Peter J Groves, Sabine G Gebhardt-Henrich, Jean-Loup Rault

    Little is known about the ranging behaviour of chickens. Understanding ranging behaviour is required to improve management and shed and range design to ensure optimal ranging opportunities. Using Radio Frequency Identification technology, we tracked 300 individual broiler chickens in each of...

  19. Exploring the Role of Farm Animals in Providing Care at Care Farms

    | Contributor(s):: Jan Hassink, Simone R De Bruin, Bente Berget, Marjolein Elings

    We explore the role of farm animals in providing care to different types of participants at care farms (e.g., youngsters with behavioural problems, people with severe mental problems and people with dementia). Care farms provide alternative and promising settings where people can interact with...

  20. Exploration Feeding and Higher Space Allocation Improve Welfare of Growing-Finishing Pigs

    | Contributor(s):: Herman M Vermeer, Nienke CPMM Dirx-Kuijken, Marc BM Bracke

    Lack of environmental enrichment and high stocking densities in growing-finishing pigs can lead to adverse social behaviors directed to pen mates, resulting in skin lesions, lameness, and tail biting. The objective of the study was to improve animal welfare and prevent biting behavior in an...