Influence of breed and rearing management on cattle reactions during human handling
Contributor(s):: Boivin, X., Neindre, P. le, Garel, J. P., Chupin, J. M.
The influence of breed and rearing conditions on human-cattle relationships during the first 3 months after birth was investigated by studying the responses to handling of 42 French Salers and 41 Limousin calves, reared in range (n = 41) or traditional conditions (n = 42). The animals were...
Moderation of grazing behaviour of beef cattle by stable flies ( Stomoxys calcitrans L.)
Contributor(s):: Dougherty, C. T., Knapp, F. W., Burrus, P. B., Willis, D. C., Cornelius, P. L.
Three concatenated latin squares (4 x 4) were used to evaluate the effects of stable flies on the behaviour of Angus cows grazing in screened enclosures. Four populations (0, 50, 100 and 150) of starved, laboratory-reared stable flies were released into each enclosure at 15 min intervals during 1...
Stereotypies, adrenal function and neurophysiological aspects of gestating sows
Contributor(s):: Borell, E. von, Hurnik, J. F.
The effects of social and physical environment on social behaviour in farm animals
Contributor(s):: Broom, D. M.
A descriptive survey of the range of injuries sustained and farmers' attitudes to vulva biting in breeding sows in south-west England
Contributor(s):: Rizvi, S., Nicol, C. J., Green, L. E.
The within-farm prevalence of vulva biting in breeding sows in south-west England was investigated using a postal survey sent to 410 pig farmers in January 1997. The response rate was 65% and there were 83 usable replies. The majority of farms where vulva biting was reported indicated a low...
A population-based on-farm evaluation protocol for comparing the welfare of pigs between farms
Contributor(s):: Goossens, X., Sobry, L., Odberg, F., Tuyttens, F., Maes, D., Smet, S. de, Nevens, F., Opsomer, G., Lommelen, F., Geers, R.
The variability of animal-based parameters was studied within a population of 41 farrow-to-finish farms. Data were collected during three visits, each corresponding to a different season within a two-year period. The largest between-farm variability was observed for Stereotypic behaviour by...
Associations between lesion-specific lameness and the milk yield of 1,635 dairy cows from seven herds in the Xth region of Chile and implications for management of lame dairy cows worldwide
Contributor(s):: Green, L. E., Borkert, J., Monti, G., Tadich, N.
Lameness is one of the greatest infringements of welfare in dairy cows. The objective of this study was to investigate associations between milk yield and foot lesions causing lameness in Chilean dairy cattle with the hypothesis that if we can demonstrate that lameness reduces yield, and so...
Cow gait scores and kinematic gait data: can people see gait irregularities?
Contributor(s):: Nuffel, A. van, Sprenger, M., Tuyttens, F. A. M., Maertens, W.
Increasing lameness problems associated with intensified dairy cattle production has lead to the development of several techniques to automatically detect these problems. Comparisons of these new measuring techniques of cow locomotion with the conventional subjective observer scoring are scarce....
Early detection of lameness in heifers with hairy heel warts using a pressure plate
Contributor(s):: Almeida, P. E., Mullineaux, D. R., Raphael, W., Wickens, C., Zanella, A. J.
Lameness is an indicator of pain and suffering, which has substantial animal welfare and economic impact on the dairy industry. Subjective locomotion scoring is unreliable for detecting mild cases of lameness in dairy herds. Undetected lameness can progress to a more serious and painful state...
Estimation of the value the public places on regulations to improve broiler welfare
Contributor(s):: Moran, D., McVittie, A.
Animal welfare presents particular policy challenges. Good welfare provides private productivity benefits to producers and some level of positive external benefit to people who care about animal welfare status. But markets for welfare fail, meaning that private producers are unlikely to provide...
Feather pecking in poultry: the application of science in a search for practical solutions
Contributor(s):: Jones, R. B., Blokhuis, H. J., Jong, I. C. de, Keeling, L. J., McAdie, T. M., Preisinger, R.
Traditional battery cages for laying hens will soon be banned in the EU but the increased risk of feather pecking (FP) hampers the adoption of alternative housing systems. FP can cause injury and lead to cannibalism and the painful death of target birds. Current management practices (beak...
Frequency of nose and tail injuries in cattle and water buffalo at livestock markets in Bangladesh
Contributor(s):: Alam, M. R., Gregory, N. G., Uddin, M. S., Jabbar, M. A., Chowdhury, S., Debnath, N. C.
A total of 560 cattle and water buffalo were examined at livestock markets in Bangladesh. The aim was to assess the frequency of nose and tail injuries that could have occurred during handling and transport. The frequency of nose piercing was 64
Individual variation in response to stressors in farm animals: implications for experimenters
Contributor(s):: Manteca, X., Deag, J. M.
Physiological and behavioural responses to stressors may affect experimental results. Since individual animals differ in their pattern of response to stressors, it is suggested that stress during experiments has the potential for increasing variability in responses to experimental treatments....
Laboratory animal, pet animal, farm animal, wild animal: which gets the best deal?
Contributor(s):: Wolfensohn, S., Honess, P.
A veterinary surgeon wishing to practice in the UK promises, on admission to the Royal College of Veterinary Surgeons, that their "constant endeavour will be to ensure the welfare of the animals committed to [their] care" (RCVS 2006 Guide to Professional Conduct). Yet a constant dilemma is that...
Public opinion on UK milk marketing and dairy cow welfare
Contributor(s):: Ellis, K. A., Billington, K., McNeil, B., McKeegan, D. E. F.
Interview questionnaires were administered to the general public in central Scotland and northern England during summer 2007 to investigate consumer awareness of UK dairy production methods, welfare issues and recognition of 'quality assurance' product logos. Fifty percent of respondents gave UK...
Skin stimulated induction of mouth movements in cattle
Contributor(s):: Simonsen, H. B.
Six animals in a free-ranging herd of 10 Aberdeen Angus cattle showed mouth movements induced by skin stimulation by grooming the sacro-coccygeal region with a horse grooming brush. Three of the animals reacted by mouth movements similar to stereotypic tongue rolling. 22 (37
The application of Russell and Burch's Three Rs in commercial livestock experimentation
Contributor(s):: Colditz, I. G.
The inclusion of Russell and Burch's Three Rs (replacement, reduction and refinement) in guidelines, codes of practice and law reflects their current position as the guiding principles of ethical assessment of research involving animals. This article explores some activities within the...
Welfare assessment in extensive animal production systems: challenges and opportunities
Contributor(s):: Turner, S. P., Dwyer, C. M.
The welfare of animals in extensive systems has received little attention despite significant welfare challenges in these environments. Additionally, recent reform of Common Agricultural Policy payments in the EU have put increasing financial emphasis on farmers to attain improved levels of...