A Case Study of Behaviour and Performance of Confined or Pastured Cows During the Dry Period
Contributor(s):: Randi A. Black, Peter D. Krawczel
The objectives of this study were to determine the effect of the dry cow management system (pasture or confined) on: (1) lying behaviour and activity; (2) feeding and heat stress behaviours; (3) intramammary infections, postpartum. Non-lactating Holstein cows were assigned to either deep-bedded,...
Cattle handling technique can induce fatigued cattle syndrome in cattle not fed a beta adrenergic agonist
Contributor(s):: D.A. Frese, Christopher D. Reinhardt, Steven J. Bartle, David Rethorst, J.P. Hutcheson, W.T. Nichols, B.E. Depenbusch, M.E. Corrigan, Daniel U. Thomson
Angus crossbred steers (n = 40; 563 +/- 44 kg) were used to examine the effects of handling method and fat thickness on the blood chemistry and physiology of market steers. Steers were blocked by backfat (BF) thickness and were randomly assigned to treatment groups: low-stress handling (LSH) and...
Worker injuries involving the interaction of cattle, cattle handlers, and farm structures or equipment
Contributor(s):: S. Fox, Mitchell Ricketts, J. Ernest Minton
Cattle have been identified as leading sources of injuries to agricultural workers. The present study focused on worker injuries that involved the interaction of cattle, cattle handlers, and farm structures or equipment. The goal of the study was to identify opportunities for injury prevention....
Observation of public health risk behaviors, risk communication and hand hygiene at Kansas and Missouri petting zoos – 2010-2011
Contributor(s):: Gonzalo Erdozain, Katherine KuKanich, Benjamin Chapman, Douglas A. Powell
Outbreaks of human illness have been linked to visiting settings with animal contact throughout developed countries. This paper details an observational study of hand hygiene tool availability and recommendations; frequency of risky behavior; and, handwashing attempts by visitors in Kansas (9)...
Animals and Causal Impotence: A Deontological View
Contributor(s):: Blake Hereth
In animal ethics, some ethicists such as Peter Singer argue that we ought not to purchase animal products because doing so causally contributes to unnecessary suffering. Others, such as Russ Shafer-Landau, counter that where such unnecessary suffering is not causally dependent on one’s...
Understanding Life Skills Gained from and Reasons for Youth Participation in the Tennessee 4-H Sheep Skillathon
Contributor(s):: Terra Kimes Davis, Christopher T. Stripling, Carrie A. Stephens, H. Dwight Loveday
The high number of U.S. youth exhibiting at-risk behavior points to a lack of life skills development. We determined the effects of participating in one state's 4-H sheep skillathon on youths' life skills development and the youths' reasons for participating. The target population was...
Is there a domestication of women? Examples of pork and dog
Contributor(s):: J. Milliet
Regarding hogs and dogs, the active women and leaders in the three domesticatoires action areas such as food, protection and movement controls and finally reproduction. However, at the level of use, a gender break there is at two levels: (1) in the exploitation of the living animal, (2) the...
Revealing the History of Sheep Domestication Using Retrovirus Integrations
Contributor(s):: Bernardo Chessa, Filipe Pereira, Frederick Arnaud, Antonio Amorim, Felix Goyache, Ingrid Mainland
The domestication of livestock represented a crucial step in human history. By using endogenous retroviruses as genetic markers, we found that sheep differentiated on the basis of their "retrotype" and morphological traits dispersed across Eurasia and Africa via separate migratory...
Mar 10 2017
26th Annual Conference for Food Animal Veterinarians
Sheep farmer opinions on the current and future role of veterinarians in flock health management on sheep farms: a qualitative study
Contributor(s):: Jasmeet Kaler, L.E. Green
A 2009 UK Government report on veterinary expertise in food animal production highlighted that there was insufficient herd health expertise among veterinarians and lack of appropriate business models to deliver veterinary services to the livestock sector. Approximately two thirds of sheep farmers...
Politics, Policy, Profit and People: How They Help and Hinder Animal Welfare
Contributor(s):: Jennifer Walker
This information was presented the 2016 Herd Health and Nutrition Conference, organized by the PRO-DAIRY Program in the College of Agriculture and Life Sciences at Cornell University. Softcover copies of the entire conference proceedings may be purchased at http:// ansci.cornell.edu/dm/ or by...
One Health approach to identify research needs in bovine and human babesioses: workshop report
Contributor(s):: Adalberto A Perez de Leon, Daniel A Strickman, Donald P Knowles, Durland Fish, Eileen Thacker, Jose de la Fuente, Peter J Krause, Stephen K Wikel, Ryan S Miller, Gale G Wagner, Consuelo Almazan, Robert Hillman, Matthew T Messenger, Paul O Ugstad, Roberta A Duhaime, Pete D Teel, Alfonso Ortega-Santos, David G Hewitt, Edwin J Bowers, Stephen J Bent, Matt H Cochran, Terry F McElwain, Glen A Scoles, Carlos E Suarez, Ronald Davey, Jeanne M Howell Freeman, Kimberly Lohmeyer, Andrew Y Li, Felix D Guerrero, Diane M Kammlah, Pamela Phillips, Joe Pound, Group for Emerging Babesioses and One Health Research and Development in the U.S.
BackgroundBabesia are emerging health threats to humans and animals in the United States. A collaborative effort of multiple disciplines to attain optimal health for people, animals and our environment, otherwise known as the One Health concept, was taken during a research workshop held in April...
Livestock Behavior as Related to Handling Facilities Design
Contributor(s):: Temple Grandin
Choice testing utilizing a Y -maze has becfn suckssfully used to 'test animal preferences. In this experiment, 12 female Angus X Hereford X Simmental X Charolaisheifen were given a choice of walking through a squeeze chute .(crush) or being restrained in a squeeze chute. The objective of the...
The potential for commercial deer farming in New Zealand
Contributor(s):: Michael P. McIntyre
New Zealand's wild deer herds are sizable and free for the taking, but given this response to the opportunity for free enterprise profits by commercial hunters, and with the realization that bigger markets than that of West Germany might well be opened up, government planners are beginning to...
Prehistoric reindeer hunting in the southern Norwegian highlands
Contributor(s):: Sveinung Bang-Andersen
In contrast to the European alpine areas and lowland plains, where Rangifer tarandus L. became extinct during the final Late Glacial, the species has survived in a wild state in relatively unchanged natural environments in parts of the southern Norwegian highlands. As a consequence, reindeer...
Human-Managed vs. Natural Grazing Systems: Exploring Effects of Livestock and Wildlife Grazing at Multiple Scales
Contributor(s):: Megan Esther McSherry
Grazing by large herbivores is the most prevalent land use on grassland ecosystems, which cover greater than 40% of the earth's land surface and provide critical ecological and economic benefits. As such, understanding how grazing impacts different aspects of the ecosystem is of especially...
Establishment and persistence of a good relationship between man and animal by weaning management of Galician Blonde
Contributor(s):: C. Portela, L. Lopez, A. Varela, L. Monserrat, L. Sanchez
Summary of the communication before the III Iberian Congress on Animal Genetic Resources
Hunting Bambi : evaluating the basis for selective harvesting of juveniles
Contributor(s):: Jos M. Milner, Christophe Bonefant, Atle Mysterud
Human harvesting is often a major mortality factor and, hence, an important proximate factor driving the population dynamics of large mammals. Several selective harvesting regimes focus on removing animals with low reproductive value, such as “antlered” harvests in North America and...
Canadian producer and citizen perspectives on farm animal welfare : identifying shared and differing values
Contributor(s):: Jeffrey Michael Spooner
While interest in the “proper” care of food animals dates to early Greece, 20th century cultural developments in the West brought about an explosion of policies and programs intended to ensure suitable care and handling practices for food animals. “Animal welfare”,...
Resources for Pet, Poultry and Livestock Owners Affected by Natural Disasters
Contributor(s):: Floron C. Faries, Jason J. Cleere
This publication lists agencies and other organizations that can help locate missing pets and livestock, assist with carcass disposal, provide animal feed, and help in other ways after a disaster. There are phone numbers and Web addresses for each organization.