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  1. Risk behaviors for disease transmission among petting zoo attendees

    Contributor(s):: M. McMillian, J.R. Dunn, J.E. Keen, K.L. Brady, T.F. Jones

    To evaluate risk behaviors for transmission of zoonotic diseases at petting zoos during a period without a recognized disease outbreak. Observational survey with environmental microbiologic sampling. 6 petting zoos in Tennessee. Attendees were observed for animal and environmental contact, eating...

  2. Early exposure to dogs and farm animals and the risk of childhood asthma

    Contributor(s):: Tove Fall, Cecilia Lundholm, Anne K. Ortqvist, Katja Fall, Fang Fang, Ake Hedhammar, Olle Kampe, Erik Ingelsson, Catarina Almqvist

    IMPORTANCE: The association between early exposure to animals and childhood  asthma is not clear, and previous studies have yielded contradictory results.OBJECTIVE: To determine whether exposure to dogs and farm animals confers a risk  of asthma. DESIGN, SETTING AND PARTICIPANTS:...

  3. A Case Study of Behaviour and Performance of Confined or Pastured Cows During the Dry Period

    Contributor(s):: Randi A. Black, Peter D. Krawczel

    The objectives of this study were to determine the effect of the dry cow management system (pasture or confined) on: (1) lying behaviour and activity; (2) feeding and heat stress behaviours; (3) intramammary infections, postpartum. Non-lactating Holstein cows were assigned to either deep-bedded,...

  4. Cattle handling technique can induce fatigued cattle syndrome in cattle not fed a beta adrenergic agonist

    Contributor(s):: D.A. Frese, Christopher D. Reinhardt, Steven J. Bartle, David Rethorst, J.P. Hutcheson, W.T. Nichols, B.E. Depenbusch, M.E. Corrigan, Daniel U. Thomson

    Angus crossbred steers (n = 40; 563 +/- 44 kg) were used to examine the effects of handling method and fat thickness on the blood chemistry and physiology of market steers. Steers were blocked by backfat (BF) thickness and were randomly assigned to treatment groups: low-stress handling (LSH) and...

  5. Worker injuries involving the interaction of cattle, cattle handlers, and farm structures or equipment

    Contributor(s):: S. Fox, Mitchell Ricketts, J. Ernest Minton

    Cattle have been identified as leading sources of injuries to agricultural workers. The present study focused on worker injuries that involved the interaction of cattle, cattle handlers, and farm structures or equipment. The goal of the study was to identify opportunities for injury prevention....

  6. Observation of public health risk behaviors, risk communication and hand hygiene at Kansas and Missouri petting zoos – 2010-2011

    Contributor(s):: Gonzalo Erdozain, Katherine KuKanich, Benjamin Chapman, Douglas A. Powell

    Outbreaks of human illness have been linked to visiting settings with animal contact throughout developed countries. This paper details an observational study of hand hygiene tool availability and recommendations; frequency of risky behavior; and, handwashing attempts by visitors in Kansas (9)...

  7. Animals and Causal Impotence: A Deontological View

    Contributor(s):: Blake Hereth

    In animal ethics, some ethicists such as Peter Singer argue that we ought not to purchase animal products because doing so causally contributes to unnecessary suffering. Others, such as Russ Shafer-Landau, counter that where such unnecessary suffering is not causally dependent on one’s...

  8. Understanding Life Skills Gained from and Reasons for Youth Participation in the Tennessee 4-H Sheep Skillathon

    Contributor(s):: Terra Kimes Davis, Christopher T. Stripling, Carrie A. Stephens, H. Dwight Loveday

    The high number of U.S. youth exhibiting at-risk behavior points to a lack of life skills development. We determined the effects of participating in one state's 4-H sheep skillathon on youths' life skills development and the youths' reasons for participating. The target population was...

  9. Is there a domestication of women? Examples of pork and dog

    Contributor(s):: J. Milliet

    Regarding hogs and dogs, the active women and leaders in the three domesticatoires action areas such as food, protection and movement controls and finally reproduction. However, at the level of use, a gender break there is at two levels: (1) in the exploitation of the living animal, (2) the...

  10. Revealing the History of Sheep Domestication Using Retrovirus Integrations

    Contributor(s):: Bernardo Chessa, Filipe Pereira, Frederick Arnaud, Antonio Amorim, Felix Goyache, Ingrid Mainland

    The domestication of livestock represented a crucial step in human history. By using endogenous retroviruses as genetic markers, we found that sheep differentiated on the basis of their "retrotype" and morphological traits dispersed across Eurasia and Africa via separate migratory...

  11. Mar 10 2017

    26th Annual Conference for Food Animal Veterinarians

    This conference was started by Dr. Jim Floyd while he was Extension Veterinarian for Auburn University and has become one of the most popular continuing education meetings for food supply and mixed...

    http://habricentral.org/events/details/498

  12. Sheep farmer opinions on the current and future role of veterinarians in flock health management on sheep farms: a qualitative study

    Contributor(s):: Jasmeet Kaler, L.E. Green

    A 2009 UK Government report on veterinary expertise in food animal production highlighted that there was insufficient herd health expertise among veterinarians and lack of appropriate business models to deliver veterinary services to the livestock sector. Approximately two thirds of sheep farmers...

  13. Politics, Policy, Profit and People: How They Help and Hinder Animal Welfare

    Contributor(s):: Jennifer Walker

    This information was presented the 2016 Herd Health and Nutrition Conference, organized by the PRO-DAIRY Program in the College of Agriculture and Life Sciences at Cornell University. Softcover copies of the entire conference proceedings may be purchased at http:// ansci.cornell.edu/dm/ or by...

  14. One Health approach to identify research needs in bovine and human babesioses: workshop report

    Contributor(s):: Adalberto A Perez de Leon, Daniel A Strickman, Donald P Knowles, Durland Fish, Eileen Thacker, Jose de la Fuente, Peter J Krause, Stephen K Wikel, Ryan S Miller, Gale G Wagner, Consuelo Almazan, Robert Hillman, Matthew T Messenger, Paul O Ugstad, Roberta A Duhaime, Pete D Teel, Alfonso Ortega-Santos, David G Hewitt, Edwin J Bowers, Stephen J Bent, Matt H Cochran, Terry F McElwain, Glen A Scoles, Carlos E Suarez, Ronald Davey, Jeanne M Howell Freeman, Kimberly Lohmeyer, Andrew Y Li, Felix D Guerrero, Diane M Kammlah, Pamela Phillips, Joe Pound, Group for Emerging Babesioses and One Health Research and Development in the U.S.

    BackgroundBabesia are emerging health threats to humans and animals in the United States. A collaborative effort of multiple disciplines to attain optimal health for people, animals and our environment, otherwise known as the One Health concept, was taken during a research workshop held in April...

  15. Livestock Behavior as Related to Handling Facilities Design

    Contributor(s):: Temple Grandin

    Choice testing utilizing a Y -maze has becfn suckssfully used to 'test animal preferences. In this experiment, 12 female Angus X Hereford X Simmental X Charolaisheifen were given a choice of walking through a squeeze chute .(crush) or being restrained in a squeeze chute. The objective of the...

  16. The potential for commercial deer farming in New Zealand

    Contributor(s):: Michael P. McIntyre

    New Zealand's wild deer herds are sizable and free for the taking, but given this response to the opportunity for free enterprise profits by commercial hunters, and with the realization that bigger markets than that of West Germany might well be opened up, government planners are beginning to...

  17. Prehistoric reindeer hunting in the southern Norwegian highlands

    Contributor(s):: Sveinung Bang-Andersen

    In contrast to the European alpine areas and lowland plains, where Rangifer tarandus L. became extinct during the final Late Glacial, the species has survived in a wild state in relatively unchanged natural environments in parts of the southern Norwegian highlands. As a consequence, reindeer...

  18. Human-Managed vs. Natural Grazing Systems: Exploring Effects of Livestock and Wildlife Grazing at Multiple Scales

    Contributor(s):: Megan Esther McSherry

    Grazing by large herbivores is the most prevalent land use on grassland ecosystems, which cover greater than 40% of the earth's land surface and provide critical ecological and economic benefits. As such, understanding how grazing impacts different aspects of the ecosystem is of especially...

  19. Establishment and persistence of a good relationship between man and animal by weaning management of Galician Blonde

    Contributor(s):: C. Portela, L. Lopez, A. Varela, L. Monserrat, L. Sanchez

    Summary of the communication before the III Iberian Congress on Animal Genetic Resources

  20. Hunting Bambi : evaluating the basis for selective harvesting of juveniles

    Contributor(s):: Jos M. Milner, Christophe Bonefant, Atle Mysterud

    Human harvesting is often a major mortality factor and, hence, an important proximate factor driving the population dynamics of large mammals. Several selective harvesting regimes focus on removing animals with low reproductive value, such as “antlered” harvests in North America and...