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Tags: Food science

All Categories (1-20 of 23)

  1. Positive and negative gestational handling influences placental traits and mother-offspring behavior in dairy goats

    Contributor(s):: Baxter, E. M., Mulligan, J., Hall, S. A., Donbavand, J. E., Palme, R., Aldujaili, E., Zanella, A. J., Dwyer, C. M.

    Dairy animals are subjected to a number of potential stressors throughout their lives, including daily interactions with humans. The quality of these interactions may have direct consequences for the animal undergoing the experience, but if such events occur during gestation it may also affect...

  2. Application of the welfare quality protocol in pig slaughterhouses of five countries

    Contributor(s):: Dalmau, A., Nande, A., Vieira-Pinto, M., Zamprogna, S., Martino, G. di, Ribas, J. C. R., Costa, M. P. da, Halinen-Elemo, K., Velarde, A.

    The objective of the present study is to assess the variability of the measures used in the welfare quality (WQ) protocol for pigs among slaughterhouses in five different countries and to propose alarm and critical thresholds for the calculation of scores for future development of an animal...

  3. Human-animal interactions and safety during dairy cattle handling - comparing moving cows to milking and hoof trimming

    Contributor(s):: Lindahl, C., Pinzke, S., Herlin, A., Keeling, L. J.

    Cattle handling is a dangerous activity on dairy farms, and cows are a major cause of injuries to livestock handlers. Even if dairy cows are generally tranquil and docile, when situations occur that they perceive or remember as aversive, they may become agitated and hazardous to handle. This...

  4. Current opinion on maximizing veterinary profession growth and contributions

    Contributor(s):: Nimmanapalli, R., Donapaty, S. R.

    Veterinary profession sphere overlaps three major biology arenas namely agriculture, basic sciences, and human medicine. Thus, so far the investments in veterinary field are not proportional to the scope of their responsibilities. Rededication and rejuvenation can help veterinary profession to...

  5. Animal ethics profiling of vegetarians, vegans and meat-eaters

    Contributor(s):: Lund, T. B., McKeegan, D. E. F., Cribbin, C., Sandoe, P.

    The aims of this study were to identify the animal ethical profile of vegetarians, vegans, and meat-eaters. Using questionnaire data collected in 2013 (n=356), we measured propensity to subscribe to five different positions within animal ethics based on a novel measure of animal ethical stance...

  6. Overweight and obese pet owners: respondent and pet characteristics in the rural Midwestern United States

    Contributor(s):: Heuberger, R. A., Garner, J. A., Corby, A., DeWitt, K., Sluis, R. vander

    The obesity epidemic has impacted both people and pets in the rural Midwestern United States (MWUS). Tailoring health advice to the socio-demographic characteristics and dietary patterns of owners and their pets can help promote adherence to health behavior changes for owners and foster health...

  7. The associations between animal-based welfare measures and the presence of indicators of food safety in finishing pigs

    Contributor(s):: Alpigiani, I., Bacci, C., Keeling, L. J., Salman, M. D., Brindani, F., Pongolini, S., Hitchens, P. L., Bonardi, S.

    Stressful housing and management practices affect animals, potentially increasing their receptiveness to pathogens. Since some pathogens do not lead to clinical signs of sickness, subclinical pigs could enter the food-chain, contaminating carcases and offal at slaughter, representing a threat to...

  8. Positive and negative gestational handling influences placental traits and mother-offspring behavior in dairy goats

    Contributor(s):: Baxter, E. M., Mulligan, J., Hall, S. A., Donbavand, J. E., Palme, R., Aldujaili, E., Zanella, A. J., Dwyer, C. M.

    Dairy animals are subjected to a number of potential stressors throughout their lives, including daily interactions with humans. The quality of these interactions may have direct consequences for the animal undergoing the experience, but if such events occur during gestation it may also affect...

  9. Animal ethics profiling of vegetarians, vegans and meat-eaters

    Contributor(s):: Lund, T. B., McKeegan, D. E. F., Cribbin, C., Sandoe, P.

    The aims of this study were to identify the animal ethical profile of vegetarians, vegans, and meat-eaters. Using questionnaire data collected in 2013 (n=356), we measured propensity to subscribe to five different positions within animal ethics based on a novel measure of animal ethical stance...

  10. Overweight and obese pet owners: respondent and pet characteristics in the rural Midwestern United States

    Contributor(s):: Heuberger, R. A., Garner, J. A., Corby, A., DeWitt, K., Sluis, R. vander

    The obesity epidemic has impacted both people and pets in the rural Midwestern United States (MWUS). Tailoring health advice to the socio-demographic characteristics and dietary patterns of owners and their pets can help promote adherence to health behavior changes for owners and foster health...

  11. Overweight and obese pet owners: respondent and pet characteristics in the rural Midwestern United States

    Contributor(s):: Heuberger, R. A., Garner, J. A., Corby, A., DeWitt, K., Sluis, R. vander

    The obesity epidemic has impacted both people and pets in the rural Midwestern United States (MWUS). Tailoring health advice to the socio-demographic characteristics and dietary patterns of owners and their pets can help promote adherence to health behavior changes for owners and foster health...

  12. Nutritional ecology of obesity: from humans to companion animals

    Contributor(s):: Raubenheimer, D., Machovsky-Capuska, G. E., Gosby, A. K., Simpson, S.

    We apply nutritional geometry, a framework for modelling the interactive effects of nutrients on animals, to help understand the role of modern environments in the obesity pandemic. Evidence suggests that humans regulate the intake of protein energy (PE) more strongly than non-protein energy...

  13. Relationship patterns in food purchase: observing social interactions in different shopping environments

    Contributor(s):: Cicatiello, C., Pancino, B., Pascucci, S., Franco, S.

    The social dimension of purchase seems particularly important when it comes to food, since it can contribute to foster "consumers' embeddedness" in the local food system. The discussion on this topic is growing after the emergence of alternative food networks (AFNs), which are thought to have...

  14. "first things first": application of Islamic principles of priority in the ethical assessment of genetically modified foods

    Contributor(s):: Noor Munirah, Isa, Saadan, Man

    Advancement of modern agricultural biotechnology has brought various potential benefits to humankind, but at the same time ethical concerns regarding some applications such as genetically modified foods (GMF) have been raised among the public. Several questions are being posed; should they...

  15. Food security: one of a number of 'securities' we need for a full life: an Australian perspective

    Contributor(s):: Farmar-Bowers, Q.

    Although agriculture in Australia is very productive, the current food supply systems in Australia fail to deliver healthy diets to all Australians and fail to protect the natural resources on which they depend. The operation of the food systems creates 'collateral damage' to the natural...

  16. The diverse values and motivations of Vermont farm to institution supply chain actors

    Contributor(s):: Conner, D. S., Sevoian, N., Heiss, S. N., Berlin, L.

    Farm to institution (FTI) efforts aim to increase the amount of locally produced foods, typically fruits and vegetables, served by institutions such as schools, colleges, hospitals, senior meal sites, and correctional facilities. Scholars have cited these efforts as contributing to public health...

  17. The mini-cup jelly court cases: a comparative analysis from a food ethics perspective

    Contributor(s):: Kim, SukShin

    This study compares and analyzes separate court rulings in three countries on "mini-cup jelly" (a firm jelly containing konjac and packaged in bite-sized plastic cups) from a food ethics perspective. While the Korean and US courts decided that the mini-cup jelly was defective, and that the...

  18. A framework for sustainability transition: the case of plant-based diets

    Contributor(s):: Vinnari, M., Vinnari, E.

    Societal and technological development during the last century has enabled Western economies to achieve a high standard of living. Yet this profusion of wealth has led to several outcomes that are undesirable and/or unsustainable. There is thus an imperative need for a fundamental and rapid...

  19. Consumer choice and farmers' markets

    Contributor(s):: Dodds, R., Holmes, M., Arunsopha, V., Chin, N., Le, T., Maung, S., Shum, M.

    The increasing popularity of local food consumption can be attributed to the heightened awareness of food safety concerns, carbon emissions produced from food transportation, and an understanding of how large corporations' obtain their food supplies. Although there is increasing discussion on...

  20. Food community networks as leverage for social embeddedness

    Contributor(s):: Migliore, G., Schifani, G., Guccione, G. D., Cembalo, L.

    Social embeddedness, defined as the interaction of economic activities and social behavior, is used in this study as a conceptual tool to describe the growing phenomenon of food community networks (FCNs). The aim in this paper was to map the system of relations which the FCNs develop both inside...