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  1. Effects of guest feeding programs on captive giraffe behavior

    Contributor(s):: Orban, D. A., Siegford, J. M., Snider, R. J.

    Zoological institutions develop human-animal interaction opportunities for visitors to advance missions of conservation, education, and recreation; however, the animal welfare implications largely have yet to be evaluated. This behavioral study was the first to quantify impacts of guest feeding...

  2. "Who's been a good dog?" - Owner perceptions and motivations for treat giving

    Contributor(s):: White, G. A., Ward, L., Pink, C., Craigon, J., Millar, K. M.

    Complex relationships commonly exist between owners and their companion animals, particularly around feeding behaviour with an owner's affection or love for their animal most pronounced through the provision of food. It is notable that the pet food market is experiencing strong year-on-year...

  3. Local knowledge held by farmers in Eastern Tyrol (Austria) about the use of plants to maintain and improve animal health and welfare

    Contributor(s):: Vogl, C. R., Vogl-Lukasser, B., Walkenhorst, M.

    Background: The sustainable management of animal health and welfare is of increasing importance to consumers and a key topic in the organic farming movement. Few systematic studies have been undertaken investigating farmers' local knowledge related to this issue. Ethnoveterinary medicine (EVM) is...

  4. Silvopastoral systems for sustainable animal production and the role of animal welfare

    Contributor(s):: Broom, D.

  5. Giant otters (Pteronura brasiliensis) and humans in the lower Yasuní Basin, Ecuador : spacio-temporal activity patterns and their relevance for conservation

    Contributor(s):: Paola M. Carrera-Ubidia

    Giant otters (Pteronura brasiliensis) and humans in the Lower Yasuní Basin (Ecuador) have similar food and space requirements: they consume comparable arrays of fish species, and they use similar aquatic and terrestrial habitats. Resource partitioning could facilitate coexistence by...

  6. Effects of feeding management and group composition on agonistic behaviour of group-housed horses

    Contributor(s):: Burla, J. B., Ostertag, A., Patt, A., Bachmann, I., Hillmann, E.

    Under natural conditions, horses spend 12-18 h of a day with synchronous grazing, but for stabled horses, the amount of forage and thus duration of feed intake usually are restricted. In group-housed horses, therefore, feeding times are often situations with increased levels of agonistic...

  7. Long-term effects of straw blocks in pens with finishing pigs and the interaction with boar type

    Contributor(s):: Bulens, A., Beirendonck, S. van, Thielen, J. van, Buys, N., Driessen, B.

    This study verified the effect of straw blocks on the behavior and growth of finishing pigs and possible interactions with the genetic background (boar type). A total of 359 finishing pigs, which were offspring from different boar types, were housed in gender-mixed pens with slatted floors. Half...

  8. Relationship between spatial distribution of sika deer-train collisions and sika deer movement in Japan

    Contributor(s):: Soga, Akinao, Hamasaki, Shin-ichiro, Yokoyama, Noriko, Sakai, Toshiyuki, Kaji, Koichi

  9. Winter habitat use by juvenile greater sage-grouse on Parker Mountain, Utah: implications for sagebrush management

    Contributor(s):: Caudill, Danny, Messmer, Terry A., Bibles, Brent, Guttery, Michael R.

  10. Effects of site characteristics, pinyon-juniper management, and precipitation on habitat quality for mule deer in New Mexico

    Contributor(s):: Bender, Louis C., Boren, Jon C., Halbritter, Heather, Cox, Shad

  11. Predator cues reduce American beaver use of foraging trails

    Contributor(s):: Severud, W. J., Belant, J. L., Bruggink, J. G., Windels, S. K.

  12. Investigating potential effects of the contraceptive Implanon on the behavior of free-ranging adult female Barbary macaques

    Contributor(s):: Maijer, A. M., Semple, S.

    In recent years, the use of hormonal contraception in captive, free-ranging, and wild mammal populations has increased, but the effects on these nonhuman animals' behavior and the associated welfare impacts remain poorly understood. This study of free-ranging adult female Barbary macaques (...

  13. The effects of food-related environmental complexity on litter directed behaviour, fear and exploration of novel stimuli in young broiler chickens

    Contributor(s):: Pichova, K., Nordgreen, J., Leterrier, C., Kostal, L., Moe, R. O.

    Stimulation of foraging behaviour during the first weeks of life by increasing environmental complexity such as scattering food items on the litter may be one way of preventing leg disorders, reducing fear and improving broiler welfare. However, studies on effects of access to various food based...

  14. A review of cat behavior in relation to disease risk and management options

    Contributor(s):: Lepczyk, C. A., Lohr, C. A., Duffy, D. C.

    Domestic cats ( Felis catus) are a common household pet and also a notorious invasive species around the world. Because cat numbers have been increasing in many locations it is critical to work on management solutions that help to reduce threats posed by cats. With regard to cat behavior, one of...

  15. Behavioural response of pure Ankole and crossbred (Ankole * Holstein) cows to seasonal pasture variations in south-western Uganda

    Contributor(s):: Idibu, J., Kabi, F., Mpairwe, D.

    This study evaluated the effects of season and pasture species on variations in sward composition, pasture quantity (plant-height and biomass) and quality [crude protein (CP), neutral detergent fibre (NDF) and in vitro organic matter digestibility (IVOMD)]. Behavioural responses of a group of 10...

  16. Degree of synchrony based on individual observations underlines the importance of concurrent access to enrichment materials in finishing pigs

    Contributor(s):: Zwicker, B., Weber, R., Wechsler, B., Gygax, L.

    Pigs are sociable animals with a strong motivation to explore and forage, and it has been stated that they have a strong motivation to do so synchronously. We examined the synchrony of exploration in groups of finishing pigs when enrichment materials were offered. We used a novel measure of...

  17. The effects of radar on avian behavior: implications for wildlife management at airports

    Contributor(s):: Sheridan, E., Randolet, J., DeVault, T. L., Seamans, T. W., Blackwell, B. F., Fernandez-Juricic, E.

    Airports often contain foraging, breeding, and roosting resources for wildlife. Airports also have different types of radars to assist with air traffic control, monitoring weather, and tracking wildlife that could become a risk for collision with aircraft. The effect of radar electromagnetic...

  18. The avoidance of farmyards by European badgers Meles meles in a medium density population

    Contributor(s):: Mullen, E. M., MacWhite, T., Maher, P. K., Kelly, D. J., Marples, N. M., Good, M.

    Mycobacterium bovis (TB) in cattle is a disease with far-reaching economic effects throughout Europe but especially in Great Britain and Ireland. Wildlife reservoirs, in particular the European badger Meles meles, continue to play an important role in the transmission of the disease, although the...

  19. Evaluation of environmental and intrinsic factors that contribute to stereotypic behavior in captive rhesus macaques ( Macaca mulatta)

    Contributor(s):: Gottlieb, D. H., Maier, A., Coleman, K.

    Full body repetitive behaviors, known as motor stereotypic behaviors (MSBs), are one of the most commonly seen abnormal behaviors in captive non-human primates, and are frequently used as a behavioral measure of well-being. The main goal of this paper was to examine the role of environmental...

  20. The effect of presenting forage in multi-layered haynets and at multiple sites on night time budgets of stabled horses

    Contributor(s):: Ellis, A. D., Redgate, S., Zinchenko, S., Owen, H., Barfoot, C., Harris, P.

    The aim of this study was to explore the efficacy of multi-layered haynets and multiple presentation of haynets to increase time spent on feed intake behaviour at night (13 h observation). For preliminary assessment two horses performing the oral stereotypy of crib-biting were included. Six...