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  1. Behavioural responses of park red and fallow deer to disturbance and effects on population performance

    Contributor(s):: Langbein, J., Putman, R. J.

    The effects of disturbances by humans and dogs on deer in two London parks, Bushy Park and Richmond Park, were investigated. In most cases the effects of the disturbance was relatively minor, with the animals resuming their normal activity quickly after the encounter. There was no evidence that...

  2. Bowhunting deer

    Contributor(s):: Gregory, N. G.

    There are conflicting views about the humaneness of the handbow as a recreational hunting method for deer. Some claim that it is the most humane hunting method, whilst others report higher wounding rates and crippling losses than with the rifle. This commentary summarises the factors affecting...

  3. Comparison of effects of different methods of culling red deer ( Cervus elaphus ) by shooting on behaviour and post mortem measurements of blood chemistry, muscle glycogen and carcase characteristics

    Contributor(s):: Cockram, M. S., Shaw, D. J., Milne, E., Bryce, R., McClean, C., Daniels, M. J.

    Methods for culling wild red deer (Cervus elaphus) were compared by observing behaviour and collecting post mortem samples from wild deer shot (i) by a single stalker during daytime; (ii) by more than one stalker during daytime; (iii) by using a helicopter for the deployment of stalkers and...

  4. Could empathy for animals have been an adaptation in the evolution of Homo sapiens ?

    Contributor(s):: Bradshaw, J. W. S., Paul, E. S.

    In humans, empathy has emotional and cognitive components, both of which are linked to caring and nurturant behaviour. Variations in each of these facets of empathy were likely to have been accessible to natural selection during the evolution of Homo, although the likely details of their...

  5. Factors associated with hare mortality during coursing

    Contributor(s):: Reid, N., McDonald, R. A., Montgomery, W. I.

    Hare coursing is a widespread but controversial activity. In an attempt to reduce hare mortality and mitigate the activity's impact on hare welfare, the Irish Coursing Club introduced measures including the compulsory muzzling of dogs in 1993. However, the efficacy of these measures remained the...

  6. Welfare implications of culling red deer ( Cervus elaphus )

    Contributor(s):: Bradshaw, E. L., Bateson, P.

    Welfare costs of culling of red deer by rifle ('stalking') or by hunting with hounds ('hunting') were compared in southwestern England. Observations of hunts revealed that likely stressors such as close proximity to humans and hounds, active pursuit, noise, obstruction and physical restraint...

  7. Wounding rates in shooting foxes ( Vulpes vulpes )

    Contributor(s):: Fox, N. C., Blay, N., Greenwood, A. G., Wise, D., Potapov, E.

    One-hundred-and-ninety-nine shooters in England, Wales and Scotland shot at fox-shaped targets in 35 shotgun regimes including .410 and 12 bore using No 6, BB or AAA shot sizes at 25, 40 or 60 yards, with open and full choke barrels, and skilled, semi-skilled or unskilled shooters. A further 16...