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Contributor(s):: Autumn O'Hara
Therapists work with many children with many different diagnoses. One of the most prevalent diagnosis is Autism Spectrum Disorder (ASD). According to recent statistics, available from the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention (CDC), 1 in 68 children are diagnosed with ASD; which is a...
Attitudes of livestock keepers to breeding strategies - Threats and opportunities for on-farm conservation of the Borana cattle breed
Contributor(s):: Kerstin K. Zander
Environmental and market pressures strongly affect cattle breeding in East Africa. While optimising breeding with diverse genetic material can improve income from cattle production, it can also lead to a loss and depletion of valuable animal genetic resources. This study assesses...
Structural variants in genes associated with human Williams-Beuren syndrome underlie stereotypical hypersociability in domestic dogs
Contributor(s):: Bridgett M. vonHoldt, Emily Shuldiner, Ilana Janowitz Koch, Rebecca Y. Kartzinel, Andrew Hogan, Lauren Brubaker, Shelby Wanser, Daniel Stahler, Clive D. L. Wynne, Elaine A. Ostrander, Janet S. Sinsheimer, Monique A. R. Udell
Although considerable progress has been made in understanding the genetic basis of morphologic traits (for example, body size and coat color) in dogs and wolves, the genetic basis of their behavioral divergence is poorly understood. An integrative approach using both behavioral and genetic data...
New trends in feline breeding : (Literature review)
Contributor(s):: Daniela Jasmin Busse
A responsible breeder will first assure that all the environmental circumstances are given for his cats to live in a healthy, stress free environment, with the substantial care he can provide them. He will have good knowledge of his breeds and their genetic beckground and adjust his breeding...
The Dog: A Domestic Wolf to Communicate with Man: The Aggressiveness of the Dog
Contributor(s):: Jean-Mane Giffroy
On the basis of research in archeozoology and molecular genetics, it is established that the wolf is the main ancestor of the dog and that domestication would have occurred some 14,000 or 15,000 years ago, 5,000 years before the domestication of another species. The place or places of the first...
The social neuroscience of human-animal interaction
Contributor(s):: Freund, Lisa S., McCune, Sandra, Esposito, Layla, Gee, Nancy R., McCardle, Peggy
Genetic components of companion animal behavior
Contributor(s):: Jones, Paul, McCune, Sandra, Freund, Lisa S., Esposito, Layla, Gee, Nancy R., McCardle, Peggy
Documenting Domestication: New Genetic Archaeological Paradigms
Contributor(s):: Melinda A. Zeder
Dr. Melinda Zeder, Director of Archaeobiology Program at the Smithsonian Institution's National Museum of Natural History delivers a talk at The Ohio State University (125 Scott Lab) about DNA and domestication. Dr. Zeder's lecture is part of a project sponsored by the Battelle Endowment...
Discussion of Animal Stem Cells in the Classroom: Engaging Students through the Lens of Veterinary Medicine
Contributor(s):: Farenga, Stephen J., Niess, Daniel, Hutchinson, Michael
Determining the antiquity of dog origins: canine domestication as a model for the consilience between molecular genetics and archaeology
Contributor(s):: Michelle Jeanette Raisor
Archaeologists have favored a date of 14,000-15,000 years before present (BP) for canine domestication. However, recent studies of mutations in the mitochondrial DNA sequence by molecular geneticists have implied that dogs were domesticated over 100,000 years ago, which has challenged...
The Dog, the Scientist's best friend: Per Jensen at TEDxNorrkoping
Contributor(s):: Per Jensen
This talk deals with the evolution and development of the dog and the basic aspects of dog behavior and its connection to genetics and comparison with human behaviour. A dog can learn to count, and to distinguish verbs from adjectives. It is clear that dogs understand humans much better than has...
Family Dog Project: history and future of the ethological approach to human-dog interaction
Contributor(s):: Abdai, J., Miklosi, A.
Dogs occupy a specific niche in the human social environment. Some authors argued that dogs' social competence show functional similarities in their components (e.g. attachment, rule following) to that of humans due to their long history living in anthropogenic environment if proper...
Manifestation of neuronal ceroid lipofuscinosis in Australian Merino sheep: observations on altered behaviour and growth
Contributor(s):: Cronin, G. M., Beganovic, D. F., Sutton, A. L., Palmer, D. J., Thomson, P. C., Tammen, I.
Neuronal ceroid lipofuscinoses (NCL) is an inherited neurodegenerative disorder in children. Presently there is no effective treatment and the disorder is lethal. NCL occur in a variety of non-human species including sheep, which are recognised as valuable large animal models for NCL. This...
Generational habituation and current bald eagle populations
Contributor(s):: Guinn, Jeremy E.
Genetic study of stress assessed with infrared thermography during dressage competitions in the Pura Raza Espanol horse
Contributor(s):: Sanchez, M. J., Bartolome, E., Valera, M.
Despite the fact that physiological parameters in dressage are important because of their close connection to human-horse accidents, performance and welfare, these parameters are only rarely included in horse breeding programs. In Spain, the Pura Raza Espanol horse (PRE) Breeding Program focuses...
Social group formation and genetic relatedness in reintroduced Asian elephants ( Elephas maximus) in Thailand
Contributor(s):: Thitaram, C., Dejchaisri, S., Somgird, C., Angkawanish, T., Brown, J., Phumphuay, R., Chomdech, S., Kangwanpong, D.
Captive-held elephants were recruited from several parts of Thailand and released as part of a reintroduction project. Wild elephants with a herd matriarch generally contain the same matrilineal line and are genetically related. However, reintroduced elephants are less likely to be related, but...
Gene-edited 'micropigs' to be sold as pets at Chinese institute
Contributor(s):: Cyranoski, D.
Overview and critique of stages and periods in canine development
Contributor(s):: Fox, M. W.
The backtest in pigs revisited - an analysis of intra-situational behaviour
Contributor(s):: Zebunke, M., Repsilber, D., Nurnberg, G., Wittenburg, D., Puppe, B.
The occurrence of different behavioural phenotypes in animals (regarding temperament and personality) has increasingly attracted the attention of scientists dealing with farm animal breeding, management and welfare. As part of the adaptation repertoire, coping behaviour describes how animals...
The inseparability of science and ethics in animal welfare
Contributor(s):: Rollin, B. E.
This article discusses the application of ethical principles in animal welfare in all fields of scientific research and advancement. The ethical components of animal welfare in the use of animals in animal production, policy-making, research, laboratories and genetic engineering are highlighted.