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  1. A Decade of Progress toward Ending the Intensive Confinement of Farm Animals in the United States

    Contributor(s):: Sara Shields, Paul Shapiro, Andrew Rowan

    In this paper, the Humane Society of the United States (HSUS) farm animal protection work over the preceding decade is described from the perspective of the organization. Prior to 2002, there were few legal protections for animals on the farm, and in 2005, a new campaign at the HSUS began to...

  2. Aggressive behavior in two different group-housing systems for pregnant sows

    Contributor(s):: Chapinal, N., Ruiz-de-la-Torre, J. L., Cerisuelo, A., Gasa, J., Baucells, M. D., Manteca, X.

    The study housed 120 pregnant sows from Day 29 of pregnancy to 1 week before parturition either in groups of 10 with trickle feeding (TRICKLE) or in groups of 20 with an unprotected electronic sow feeding (FITMIX). The study recorded aggressive interaction on 11 nonconsecutive days. Frequency of...

  3. Feeder use patterns in group-housed pregnant sows fed with an unprotected electronic sow feeder (Fitmix)

    Contributor(s):: Chapinal, N., Ruiz-de-la-Torre, J. L., Cerisuelo, A., Baucells, M. D., Gasa, J., Manteca, X.

    Previous studies on feeder use in group-housed pregnant sows focused on dynamic groups and protected electronic sow feeders (ESF). This study observed 60 pregnant sows, 1st to 8th parity - housed from Day 29 of pregnancy to 1 week before parturition in stable groups of 20 animals, 1 Fitmix feeder...

  4. If you knew what was good for you! The value of environmental enrichments with known welfare benefits is not demonstrated by sows using operant techniques

    Contributor(s):: Elmore, M. R. P., Garner, J. P., Johnson, A. K., Kirkden, R. D., Richert, B. T., Pajor, E. A.

    This study assessed the motivation of gestating sows housed in standard, barren gestation stalls (used for breeding/implantation and/or gestation) for access to environmental enrichment. Enrichment consisted of a cotton rope or rubber mat in comparison to positive (additional food when fed at...

  5. Production costs and animal welfare for four stylized hog production systems

    Contributor(s):: Seibert, L., Norwood, F. B.

    Nonhuman animal welfare is arguably the most contentious issue facing the hog industry. Animal advocacy groups influence the regulation of hog farms and induce some consumers to demand more humane pork products. Hog producers are understandably reluctant to improve animal well being unless the...

  6. Living with cat and dog increases vaginal colonization with E. coli in pregnant women

    Contributor(s):: Stokholm, J., Schjorring, S., Pedersen, L., Bischoff, A. L., Folsgaard, N., Carson, C. G., Chawes, B., Bonnelykke, K., Molgaard, A., Krogfelt, K. A., Bisgaard, H.

  7. Application of pre-partum feeding and social behaviour in predicting risk of developing metritis in crossbred cows

    Contributor(s):: Patbandha, T. K., Mohanty, T. K., Layek, S. S., Arumugam, Kumaresan, Kumaresh, Behera

  8. Behavioural reactions before and during vaginal examination in dairy cows

    Contributor(s):: Pilz, M., Fischer-Tenhagen, C., Thiele, G., Tinge, H., Lotz, F., Heuwieser, W.

  9. Condition, survival, and productivity of mule deer in semiarid grassland-woodland in east-central New Mexico

    Contributor(s):: Bender, L. C., Boren, J. C., Halbritter, H., Cox, S.

  10. Differing results for motivation tests and measures of resource use: the value of environmental enrichment to gestating sows housed in stalls

    Contributor(s):: Elmore, M. R. P., Garner, J. P., Johnson, A. K., Kirkden, R. D., Patterson-Kane, E. G., Richert, B. T., Pajor, E. A.

  11. Effect of short and long periods of separation on agonistic behaviour, injuries and stress in Herens cows kept in loose housing

    Contributor(s):: Castro, I. M. L., Gygax, L., Wechsler, B., Hauser, R.

  12. Farm animal welfare: assessing risks attributable to the prenatal environment

    Contributor(s):: Rutherford, K. M. D., Donald, R. D., Arnott, G., Rooke, J. A., Dixon, L., Mehers, J. J. M., Turnbull, J., Lawrence, A. B.

  13. Feeding Chromonaela odorata during pregnancy to goat dams affects acceptance of this feedstuff by their offspring

    Contributor(s):: Phan Vu, Hai, Everts, H., Dam Van, Tien, Schonewille, J. T., Hendriks, W. H.

  14. Impact of social stress during gestation and environmental enrichment during lactation on the maternal behavior of sows

    Contributor(s):: Ringgenberg, N., Bergeron, R., Meunier-Salaun, M. C., Devillers, N.

  15. Repeated locomotion scoring of a sow herd to measure lameness: consistency over time, the effect of sow characteristics and inter-observer reliability

    Contributor(s):: D'Eath, R. B.

  16. Stability of social hierarchy in growing female pigs and pregnant sows

    Contributor(s):: Parent, J. P., Meunier-Salaun, M. C., Vasseur, E., Bergeron, R.

  17. The social environment and the epigenome

    Contributor(s):: Szyf, Moshe, McGowan, Patrick O., Turecki, Gustavo, Meaney, Michael J.

  18. Behavioural predictors of the start of normal and dystocic calving in dairy cows and heifers

    Contributor(s):: Miedema, H. M., Cockram, M. S., Dwyer, C. M., Macrae, A. I.

    The individual monitoring of dairy cows around the time of calving is important to identify calving difficulties or health problems as early as possible. This study aims to identify whether there are differences in the behaviour before calving, between heifers and cows, and between those that are...

  19. Changes in the behaviour of dairy cows during the 24 h before normal calving compared with behaviour during late pregnancy

    Contributor(s):: Miedema, H. M., Cockram, M. S., Dwyer, C. M., Macrae, A. I.

    Dairy cows require individual monitoring around the time of calving to identify any calving difficulties or health problems as early as possible. To assist with the monitoring of parturition, it would be beneficial to understand the behaviour of dairy cows that is associated with normal calving....

  20. Comparison of methods to assess fear of humans in sows

    Contributor(s):: Scott, K., Laws, D. M., Courboulay, V., Meunier-Salaun, M. C., Edwards, S. A.

    The aims of this study were to compare three different methods to assess fear of humans in sows, and identify the most practical and reliable method for on-farm welfare assessment. Fifty-five crossbred sows (Landrace x Large White x Duroc) of different parities and stages of pregnancy were each...