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  1. Positive reinforcement training for blood collection in grizzly bears ( Ursus arctos horribilis) results in undetectable elevations in serum cortisol levels: a preliminary investigation

    Contributor(s):: Joyce-Zuniga, N. M., Newberry, R. C., Robbins, C. T., Ware, J. V., Jansen, H. T., Nelson, O. L.

    Training nonhuman animals in captivity for participation in routine husbandry procedures is believed to produce a lower stress environment compared with undergoing a general anesthetic event for the same procedure. This hypothesis rests largely on anecdotal evidence that the captive subjects...

  2. The effects of an animal-assisted intervention on salivary alpha-amylase, salivary immunoglobulin A, and heart rate during forensic interviews in child sexual abuse cases

    Contributor(s):: Krause-Parello, C. A., Friedmann, E.

    Animal-assisted invention (AAI) in gaining attention as a therapeutic modality; however, the effect of it has not been well studied in the child welfare system. The purpose of this study was to examine the effects of AAI on stress indicators (as measured by salivary alpha-amylase (sAA),...

  3. The effect of conspecific removal on the behaviour and physiology of pair-housed shelter dogs

    Contributor(s):: Walker, J. K., Waran, N. K., Phillips, C. J. C.

    Dogs ( Canis familiaris) are a highly social species and within a shelter environment pair-housing is recommended to prevent the stress associated with social isolation. Separation of individuals which may have formed bonds in this environment is a usual occurrence, as a result of rehoming or...

  4. Associations of behaviour with secretory immunoglobulin A and cortisol in domestic cats during their first week in an animal shelter

    Contributor(s):: Gourkow, N., LaVoy, A., Dean, G. A., Phillips, C. J. C.

    We tested the hypothesis that during their first week in an animal shelter, cats exhibit groups of behaviours that are connected to mucosal immune and adrenal responses. The behaviour of 34 cats was observed from admission to day 5 and immunoglobulin A (S-IgA) and cortisol were quantified from...

  5. Indicators of undernutrition in cattle

    Contributor(s):: Agenas, S., Heath, M. F., Nixon, R. M., Wilkinson, J. M., Phillips, C. J. C.

  6. Behavioral and physiological predictors of guide dog success

    Contributor(s):: Tomkins, L. M., Thomson, P. C., McGreevy, P. D.

    A range of mobility aids are available to assist people living with vision impairment, and of these, guide dog ownership offers them several unique benefits. However, training a dog to be a successful guide dog comes at a high cost (approximately AU$30,000). Therefore, the aim of this study was...

  7. Effect of different free stall surfaces on behavioural, productive and metabolic parameters in dairy cows

    Contributor(s):: Calamari, L., Calegari, F., Stefanini, L.

    Two experiments were carried out on 56 lactating dairy cows in an experimental free stall barn comparing four different lying surfaces: straw bedded pack (ST), rubber mat (RM), mattress (MA) and sand (SA). In the first experiment (26 days) cows were allowed to choose between free stalls with each...

  8. Salivary IgA: a possible stress marker in dogs

    Contributor(s):: Skandakumar, S., Stodulski, G., Hau, J.

    The authors analysed groups of police and army dogs undergoing physical and temperamental training. Salivary IgA (S-IgA) levels were measured by rocket immunoelectrophoresis. Behavioural assessment was carried out and cortisol levels in saliva were measured by ELISA. A significant negative...

  9. Strain-specific effects of cage enrichment in male laboratory mice ( Mus musculus )

    Contributor(s):: Nevison, C. M., Hurst, J. L., Barnard, C. J.

    Within-cage behaviour and physiological parameters were compared among male mice from 6 strains in an enriched (nesting material and a perspex tunnel) and non-enriched environment (n = 32 per strain). The outbred strains were more aggressive than the inbred strains and levels of aggression were...