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Guidelines for Inspection of Companion and Commercial Animal Establishments
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| Contributor(s):: Clifford Warwick, Mike Jessop, Phillip Arena, Anthony Pilny, Catrina Steedman
Various establishments exist in which animals are held for a variety of reasons. Historically, the management and inspection of animals in commerce and in private keeping have involved a considerable degree of arbitrary evaluation based on the personal experience of the vendor, keeper, advisor,...
The Italian Agreement between the Government and the Regional Authorities: National Guidelines for AAI and Institutional Context
| Contributor(s):: Martina Simonato, Marta De Santis, Laura Contalbrigo, Daniele Benedetti, Elisabetta Finocchi Mahne, Vincenzo Ugo Santucci, Silvio Borrello, Luca Farina
Animal-assisted interventions (AAI) have developed considerably in the last half century, prompting various private and public realities dealing with AAI worldwide to work on and establish standards and best practice. However, AAI are still far from being regulated harmoniously. In this context,...
Investigating the welfare, management and human-animal interactions of cattle in four Indonesian abattoirs
| Contributor(s):: Doyle, R. E., Coleman, G. J., McGill, D. M., Reed, M., Ramdani, W., Hemsworth, P. H.
This study reports novel information on the animal handling, management and human-animal interactions in Indonesian cattle abattoirs. The slaughter of 304 cattle was observed and there was a high percentage of re-stuns in all abattoirs (range: 8-18.9%) when compared to a variety of international...
Overweight and obese pet owners: respondent and pet characteristics in the rural Midwestern United States
| Contributor(s):: Heuberger, R. A., Garner, J. A., Corby, A., DeWitt, K., Sluis, R. vander
The obesity epidemic has impacted both people and pets in the rural Midwestern United States (MWUS). Tailoring health advice to the socio-demographic characteristics and dietary patterns of owners and their pets can help promote adherence to health behavior changes for owners and foster health...
Management and design of hospital pens relative to behavior of the compromised dairy cow: a questionnaire survey of Iowa dairy farms
| Contributor(s):: Fogsgaard, K. K., Herskin, M. S., Gorden, P. J., Timms, L. L., Shearer, J. K., Millman, S. T.
Compromised dairy cows, such as those suffering from illness or injury, are likely to have different behavioral priorities and needs compared to healthy cows. Although hospital pens are typically required in animal welfare standards and assessment programs, there is surprisingly little...
Program animal welfare: using behavioral and physiological measures to assess the well-being of animals used for education programs in zoos
| Contributor(s):: Baird, B. A., Kuhar, C. W., Lukas, K. E., Amendolagine, L. A., Fuller, G. A., Nemet, J., Willis, M. A., Schook, M. W.
This study investigates program animal welfare using both behavioral and physiological measures in two separate experiments. In Experiment One, we examined possible differences in behavior and fecal glucocorticoid metabolites (FGM) between education, exhibit and off-exhibit armadillos ( N=59)...
Scarred for life: the other side of the fence debate
| Contributor(s):: Jones, Paul F.
Good fences make good neighbors: implementation of electric fencing for establishing effective livestock-protection dogs
| Contributor(s):: Gehring, T. M., VerCauteren, K. C., Cellar, A. C.
A preliminary internet survey of pet rabbit owners' characteristics
| Contributor(s):: Oxley, J. A., Previti, A., Alibrandi, A., Briefer, E. F., Passantino, A.
This study aimed to conduct a preliminary survey to investigate basic ownership factors, frequency of microchipping and insurance and views of pet rabbit owners on these areas and general rabbit management. More specifically, we aimed to investigate whether owners possess insurance, whether their...
Helping assistance dog owners
| Contributor(s):: Fraser, M.
On-site veterinary medical evaluation and care of working dogs and horses at the 2012 Republican National Convention
| Contributor(s):: Chatfield, J. A., Dewell, R., Miranda, A. J., Wilcox, S., Vannieuwenhoven, T. J.
Objective - To describe on-site veterinary medical care for working dogs and horses deployed for the 2012 Republican National Convention (RNC) in Tampa, Fla, August 24 to 30, 2012. Design - Retrospective case series. Sample - 130 dogs and 45 horses. Procedures - Data collected included breed,...
A review of cat behavior in relation to disease risk and management options
| Contributor(s):: Lepczyk, C. A., Lohr, C. A., Duffy, D. C.
Domestic cats ( Felis catus) are a common household pet and also a notorious invasive species around the world. Because cat numbers have been increasing in many locations it is critical to work on management solutions that help to reduce threats posed by cats. With regard to cat behavior, one of...
A "how-to" guide for designing judgment bias studies to assess captive animal welfare
| Contributor(s):: Bethell, E. J.
Robust methods to assess nonhuman animal emotion are essential for ensuring good welfare in captivity. Cognitive bias measures such as the judgment bias task have recently emerged as promising tools to assess animal emotion. The simple design and objective response measures make judgment bias...
The effect of four different feeding regimes on rabbit behaviour
| Contributor(s):: Prebble, J. L., Langford, F. M., Shaw, D. J., Meredith, A. L.
Dietary composition and presentation impacts on the behaviour of animals, and failure to provide a suitable diet can lead to reduced welfare through the development of poor health, the inability to express normal behaviours and the development of abnormal behaviours. This study assessed the...
Best practices for planning events encouraging human-animal interactions
| Contributor(s):: Erdozain, G., Kukanich, K., Chapman, B., Powell, D.
Educational events encouraging human-animal interaction include the risk of zoonotic disease transmission. It is estimated that 14% of all disease in the USA caused by Campylobacter spp., Cryptosporidium spp., Shiga toxin-producing Escherichia coli (STEC) O157, non-O157 STECs, Listeria...
Measuring heart rate variability in horses to investigate the autonomic nervous system activity - pros and cons of different methods
| Contributor(s):: Stucke, D., Ruse, M. G., Lebelt, D.
Power spectrum analysis of heart rate variability (HRV) may provide insight into the mental state of the animal held in restricted specific experimental conditions. Determining inter-beat-interval (IBI) variations is one way to measure changes in autonomic nervous system (ANS) activity in horses....
No increased stress response in horses on small and electrically fenced paddocks
| Contributor(s):: Glauser, A., Burger, D., Dorland, H. A. van, Gygax, L., Bachmann, I., Howald, M., Bruckmaier, R. M.
Regular free movement is an important factor for the wellbeing of horses, reducing the risk of behavioural disorders as well as maintaining bodily functions healthy. Currently animal welfare legislations in several countries require minimal stay times in outdoor enclosures. However, clear legal...
A systematic review of randomized controlled trials of animal-assisted therapy on psychosocial outcomes
| Contributor(s):: Maujean, A., Pepping, C. A., Kendall, E.
The use of animal-assisted interventions (aaIs) to achieve psychological benefits has expanded rapidly over the last few years. However, this is a vastly under-researched area, and the research to date has been largely descriptive, in the form of case studies, or has used only small groups of...
Relations among need for power, affect and attitudes toward animal cruelty
| Contributor(s):: Oleson, J. C., Henry, B. C.
Previous research has investigated the relationship between empathy with humans and attitudes toward animals. Developing a better understanding of this relationship, as well as other related variables, may assist in the prevention of antisocial behavior. The purpose of the current study was to...
Facilitating 'learning from mom how to eat like a pig' to improve welfare of piglets around weaning
| Contributor(s):: Oostindjer, M., Kemp, B., Brand, H. van den, Bolhuis, J. E.
Piglets in commercial husbandry are weaned abruptly and at a rather young age. Many weanling piglets are poorly adapted to ingest solid food, often resulting in a period of underfeeding. The underfeeding generally leads to a poor growth, diarrhoea occurrence and the development of damaging...