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All Categories (1-20 of 1530)

  1. Presumed Caudal Cerebellar Artery Infarction in Three Cats: Neurological Signs, MRI Findings, and Outcome

    Full-text: Available

    | Contributor(s):: Katie Osborn, Arianna Negrin, Olivier N. J. Taeymans, Sarah E. Spencer, Guinio B. Cherubini

    Ischemic cerebrovascular disease (CVD) is a relatively common condition in dogs but infrequent in cats, with acute or peracute onset of non-progressive neurological signs. Cerebellar artery infarction appears to be very uncommon in cats, with only two cases reported affecting the rostral...

  2. Understanding Factors Influencing Dog Owners' Intention to Vaccinate Against Rabies Evaluated Using Health Belief Model Constructs

    Full-text: Available

    | Contributor(s):: Tariku Jibat Beyene, Beakal Mindaye, Samson Leta, Natalia Cernicchiaro, Crawford W. Revie

    Ethiopia has one of the highest incidence levels of human rabies in Africa, with 3–7 deaths per 100,000 people annually. The country has no official rabies control programme, despite the availability of an effective canine vaccine to control rabies. To support effective rabies control, an...

  3. Presumed Caudal Cerebellar Artery Infarction in Three Cats: Neurological Signs, MRI Findings, and Outcome

    Full-text: Available

    | Contributor(s):: Arianna Negrin, Olivier N. J. Taeymans, Sarah E. Spencer, Guinio B. Cherubini

    Ischemic cerebrovascular disease (CVD) is a relatively common condition in dogs but infrequent in cats, with acute or peracute onset of non-progressive neurological signs. Cerebellar artery infarction appears to be very uncommon in cats, with only two cases reported affecting the rostral...

  4. Guidelines for Inspection of Companion and Commercial Animal Establishments

    Full-text: Available

    | Contributor(s):: Clifford Warwick, Mike Jessop, Phillip Arena, Anthony Pilny, Catrina Steedman

    Various establishments exist in which animals are held for a variety of reasons. Historically, the management and inspection of animals in commerce and in private keeping have involved a considerable degree of arbitrary evaluation based on the personal experience of the vendor, keeper, advisor,...

  5. Brucellosis Control in Malta and Serbia: A One Health Evaluation

    Full-text: Available

    | Contributor(s):: Sandra C. Buttigieg, Sara Savic, Daniel Cauchi, Elaine Lautier, Massimo Canali, Maurizio Aragrande

    Brucellosis, also known as “undulant fever” or “Malta fever”, is a zoonotic infection caused by microorganisms belonging to Brucella, a genus of gram-negative coccobacilli that behave as facultative intracellular pathogens of ruminants, swine and other animals....

  6. Zinc Nanoparticles Enhance Brain Connectivity in the Canine Olfactory Network: Evidence From an fMRI Study in Unrestrained Awake Dogs

    Full-text: Available

    | Contributor(s):: Bhavitha Ramaihgari, Oleg M. Pustovyy, Paul Waggoner, Ronald J. Beyers, Chester Wildey, Edward Morrison, Nouha Salibi, Jeffrey S. Katz, Thomas S. Denney, Vitaly J. Vodyanoy, Gopikrishna Deshpande

    Prior functional Magnetic Resonance Imaging (fMRI) studies have indicated increased neural activation when zinc nanoparticles are added to odorants in canines. Here we demonstrate that zinc nanoparticles up-regulate directional brain connectivity in parts of the canine olfactory network. This...

  7. A Comparative Study of Enumeration Techniques for Free-Roaming Dogs in Rural Baramati, District Pune, India

    Full-text: Available

    | Contributor(s):: Harish Kumar Tiwari, Abi Tamim Vanak, Mark O'Dea, Jully Gogoi-Tiwari, Ian Duncan Robertson

    The presence of unvaccinated free-roaming dogs (FRD) amidst human settlements is a major contributor to the high incidence of rabies in countries such as India, where the disease is endemic. Estimating FRD population size is crucial to the planning and evaluation of interventions,...

  8. One Health Integration: A Proposed Framework for a Study on Veterinarians and Zoonotic Disease Management in Ghana

    | Contributor(s):: Sophie Francoise Valeix

    In parallel with the recent world-wide promotion of One Health (OH) as a policy concept, a growing body of social science studies has raised questions about how successful OH policies and programs have been in managing some global health issues, such as zoonotic diseases. This paper briefly...

  9. Heart Rate and Heart Rate Variability during Sleep in Family Dogs (Canis familiaris). Moderate Effect of Pre-Sleep Emotions

    Full-text: Available

    | Contributor(s):: Bence Varga, Anna Gergely, Agoston Galambos, Anna Kis

    It is common knowledge that negative emotions in humans are accompanied by both impaired subjective experience as well as maladaptive changes in behavior and physiology. The present paper investigates heart rate—one of the most commonly used emotion-related physiology measures—in...

  10. Healthy people, healthy animals, and a healthy environment: One Health

    Full-text: Available

    | Contributor(s):: Adele Waters

    When Vet Record and The BMJ produced a joint themed issue in 2005 (https://www.bmj.com/content/331/7527), the guiding concept was One Medicine, with an emphasis on what vets and doctors could learn from each other to benefit both sets of patients.1 Since then, a new...

  11. Grieving the Loss of a Pet Needs the Health System Recognition

    | Contributor(s):: Bidhu K. Mohanti

    Globally there is increased presence of pets in the households. This non-human relationship, with its dimensions of physical and emotional bonds, can get severely jolted on the death of the companion animal. It sets a feeling, ‘our life is now left with a void and the house feels utterly...

  12. A companion dog increases prosocial behavior in work groups

    | Contributor(s):: Colarelli, S. M.

    Although organizations use a variety of interventions to improve group functioning, getting people to work effectively with each other remains challenging. Because the presence of a dog has been shown to have positive effects on mood and dyadic interaction, we expected that the presence of a...

  13. Use of comparative genomics approaches to characterize interspecies differences in response to environmental chemicals: Challenges, opportunities, and research needs

    Full-text: Available

    | Contributor(s):: Sarah L Burgess-Herbert, Susan Y Euling

    A critical challenge for environmental chemical risk assessment is the characterization and reduction of uncertainties introduced when extrapolating inferences from one species to another. The purpose of this article is to explore the challenges, opportunities, and research needs surrounding...

  14. Viral Zoonoses That Fly with Bats: A Review

    Full-text: Available

    | Contributor(s):: Alfonso Calderon, Camilo Guzman, Jorge Salazar-Bravo, Luiz Tadeu Figueiredo, Salim Mattar, German Arrieta

    Emerging infectious diseases are a growing threat to human health and a great challenge for global medical attention systems. Governmental agencies in tropical regions with abundant zoonotic pathogens should implement an active vigilance/monitoring model in bat reservoir populations because of...

  15. Crossing institutional boundaries: mapping the policy process for improved control of endemic and neglected zoonoses in sub-Saharan Africa

    Full-text: Available

    | Contributor(s):: Anna Okello, Susan Welburn, James Smith

    The recent adoption of the World Health Assembly Resolution 66.12 for neglected tropical diseases (NTDs) in May 2013 is an important turning point for advocacy regarding a number of endemic zoonotic infections, defined by the World Health Organization as the neglected zoonotic diseases (NZDs)....

  16. Relevant Measures to Prevent the Spread of African Swine Fever in the European Union Domestic Pig Sector

    Full-text: Available

    | Contributor(s):: Cristina Jurado, Marta Martinez-Aviiles, Ana De La Torre, Marina Stukelj, Helena Cardosa de Carvalho Ferreira, Monica Cerioli, Jose Manuel Sanchez-Vizcaino, Silvia Bellini

    During the past decade, African swine fever (ASF) has spread from the Caucasus region to eastern European Union countries affecting domestic pig and wild boar populations. In order to avert ASF spread, mitigation measures targeting both populations have been established. However, despite these...

  17. A Review of Bunyamwera, Batai, and Ngari Viruses: Understudied Orthobunyaviruses With Potential One Health Implications

    Full-text: Available

    | Contributor(s):: M. Fausta Dutuze, Manasse Nzayirambaho, Christopher N. Mores, Rebecca C. Christofferson

    Bunyamwera (BUNV), Batai (BATV), and Ngari (NRIV) are mosquito-borne viruses of the Bunyamwera serogroup in the Orthobunyavirus genus of the Bunyaviridae family. These three viruses have been found to cause disease in both livestock animals, avian species, and humans. Thus, these...

  18. The History of In Vivo Tuberculin Testing in Bovines: Tuberculosis, a "One Health" Issue

    Full-text: Available

    | Contributor(s):: Margaret Good, Douwe Bakker, Anthony Duigan, Daniel M. Collins

    Tuberculosis (TB) is more than 3 million years old thriving in multiple species. Ancestral Mycobacterium tuberculosis gave rise to multiple strains including Mycobacterium bovis now distributed worldwide with zoonotic transmission happening in both directions between animals...

  19. A One Health Evaluation of the Southern African Centre for Infectious Disease Surveillance

    Full-text: Available

    | Contributor(s):: Marie C. E. Hanin, Kevin Queenan, Sara Savic, Esron Karimuribo, Simon R. Ruegg, Barbara Hasler

    Rooted in the recognition that emerging infectious diseases occur at the interface of human, animal, and ecosystem health, the Southern African Centre for Infectious Disease Surveillance (SACIDS) initiative aims to promote a trans-sectoral approach to address better infectious disease risk...

  20. My Dog So - To know is to take care of a pet

    | Contributor(s):: William Hill

    Useful articles about the proper nutrition of dogs, their training and care from dog lover and professional trainer.