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  1. Healthy people, healthy animals, and a healthy environment: One Health

    Full-text: Available

    | Contributor(s):: Adele Waters

    When Vet Record and The BMJ produced a joint themed issue in 2005 (https://www.bmj.com/content/331/7527), the guiding concept was One Medicine, with an emphasis on what vets and doctors could learn from each other to benefit both sets of patients.1 Since then, a new...

  2. Grieving the Loss of a Pet Needs the Health System Recognition

    | Contributor(s):: Bidhu K. Mohanti

    Globally there is increased presence of pets in the households. This non-human relationship, with its dimensions of physical and emotional bonds, can get severely jolted on the death of the companion animal. It sets a feeling, ‘our life is now left with a void and the house feels utterly...

  3. A companion dog increases prosocial behavior in work groups

    | Contributor(s):: Colarelli, S. M.

    Although organizations use a variety of interventions to improve group functioning, getting people to work effectively with each other remains challenging. Because the presence of a dog has been shown to have positive effects on mood and dyadic interaction, we expected that the presence of a...

  4. Use of comparative genomics approaches to characterize interspecies differences in response to environmental chemicals: Challenges, opportunities, and research needs

    Full-text: Available

    | Contributor(s):: Sarah L Burgess-Herbert, Susan Y Euling

    A critical challenge for environmental chemical risk assessment is the characterization and reduction of uncertainties introduced when extrapolating inferences from one species to another. The purpose of this article is to explore the challenges, opportunities, and research needs surrounding...

  5. Viral Zoonoses That Fly with Bats: A Review

    Full-text: Available

    | Contributor(s):: Alfonso Calderon, Camilo Guzman, Jorge Salazar-Bravo, Luiz Tadeu Figueiredo, Salim Mattar, German Arrieta

    Emerging infectious diseases are a growing threat to human health and a great challenge for global medical attention systems. Governmental agencies in tropical regions with abundant zoonotic pathogens should implement an active vigilance/monitoring model in bat reservoir populations because of...

  6. Crossing institutional boundaries: mapping the policy process for improved control of endemic and neglected zoonoses in sub-Saharan Africa

    Full-text: Available

    | Contributor(s):: Anna Okello, Susan Welburn, James Smith

    The recent adoption of the World Health Assembly Resolution 66.12 for neglected tropical diseases (NTDs) in May 2013 is an important turning point for advocacy regarding a number of endemic zoonotic infections, defined by the World Health Organization as the neglected zoonotic diseases (NZDs)....

  7. Relevant Measures to Prevent the Spread of African Swine Fever in the European Union Domestic Pig Sector

    Full-text: Available

    | Contributor(s):: Cristina Jurado, Marta Martinez-Aviiles, Ana De La Torre, Marina Stukelj, Helena Cardosa de Carvalho Ferreira, Monica Cerioli, Jose Manuel Sanchez-Vizcaino, Silvia Bellini

    During the past decade, African swine fever (ASF) has spread from the Caucasus region to eastern European Union countries affecting domestic pig and wild boar populations. In order to avert ASF spread, mitigation measures targeting both populations have been established. However, despite these...

  8. A Review of Bunyamwera, Batai, and Ngari Viruses: Understudied Orthobunyaviruses With Potential One Health Implications

    Full-text: Available

    | Contributor(s):: M. Fausta Dutuze, Manasse Nzayirambaho, Christopher N. Mores, Rebecca C. Christofferson

    Bunyamwera (BUNV), Batai (BATV), and Ngari (NRIV) are mosquito-borne viruses of the Bunyamwera serogroup in the Orthobunyavirus genus of the Bunyaviridae family. These three viruses have been found to cause disease in both livestock animals, avian species, and humans. Thus, these...

  9. The History of In Vivo Tuberculin Testing in Bovines: Tuberculosis, a "One Health" Issue

    Full-text: Available

    | Contributor(s):: Margaret Good, Douwe Bakker, Anthony Duigan, Daniel M. Collins

    Tuberculosis (TB) is more than 3 million years old thriving in multiple species. Ancestral Mycobacterium tuberculosis gave rise to multiple strains including Mycobacterium bovis now distributed worldwide with zoonotic transmission happening in both directions between animals...

  10. A One Health Evaluation of the Southern African Centre for Infectious Disease Surveillance

    Full-text: Available

    | Contributor(s):: Marie C. E. Hanin, Kevin Queenan, Sara Savic, Esron Karimuribo, Simon R. Ruegg, Barbara Hasler

    Rooted in the recognition that emerging infectious diseases occur at the interface of human, animal, and ecosystem health, the Southern African Centre for Infectious Disease Surveillance (SACIDS) initiative aims to promote a trans-sectoral approach to address better infectious disease risk...

  11. My Dog So - To know is to take care of a pet

    | Contributor(s):: William Hill

    Useful articles about the proper nutrition of dogs, their training and care from dog lover and professional trainer.

  12. A Systems Approach to Evaluate One Health Initiatives

    Full-text: Available

    | Contributor(s):: Simon R Ruegg, Liza Rosenbaum Nielsen, Sandra C Buttigieg, Mijalche Santa, Maurizio Aragrande, Massimo Canali, Timothy Ehlinger, Ilias Chantziaras, Elena Boriani, Miroslav Radeski, Mieghan Bruce, Kevin Queenan, Barbara Hasler

    Challenges calling for integrated approaches to health, such as the One Health (OH) approach, typically arise from the intertwined spheres of humans, animals, and ecosystems constituting their environment. Initiatives addressing such wicked problems commonly consist of complex structures and...

  13. Member Perceptions of the One Health Initiative at a Zoological Institution

    Full-text: Available

    | Contributor(s):: Hannah Padda, Amy Niedbalski, Erin Tate, Sharon L. Deem

    Zoological institutions play an important role in promoting the goals of the One Health movement. We launched the Institute for Conservation Medicine (ICM) at the Saint Louis Zoo in 2011 to advance the goals of One Health. In 2016, we distributed a survey to Zoo members to evaluate member...

  14. The One Health Concept: 10 Years Old and a Long Road Ahead

    Full-text: Available

    | Contributor(s):: Delphine Destoumieux-Garzon, Patrick Mavingui, Gilles Boetsch, Jerome Boissier, Frederic Darriet, Priscilla Duboz, Clementine Fritsch, Patrick Giraudoux, Frederique Le Roux, Serge Morand, Christine Paillard, Dominique Pontier, Cedric Sueur, Yann Voituron

    Over the past decade, a significant increase in the circulation of infectious agents was observed. With the spread and emergence of epizootics, zoonoses, and epidemics, the risks of pandemics became more and more critical. Human and animal health has also been threatened by antimicrobial...

  15. Aujeszky's Disease and Hepatitis E Viruses Transmission between Domestic Pigs and Wild Boars in Corsica: Evaluating the Importance of Wild/Domestic Interactions and the Efficacy of Management Measures

    Full-text: Available

    | Contributor(s):: Francois Charrier, Sophie Rossi, Ferran Jori, Oscar Maestrini, Celine Richomme, Francois Casabianca, Christian Ducrot, Johan Jouve, Nicole Pavio, Marie-Frederique Le Potier

    Wildlife species as reservoirs of infectious pathogens represent a serious constraint in the implementation of disease management strategies. In the Mediterranean island of Corsica, the dynamics of hepatitis E virus (HEV) and Aujeszky’s disease virus (ADV) are suspected to be influenced...

  16. MLVA and LPS Characteristics of Brucella canis Isolated from Humans and Dogs in Zhejiang, China

    Full-text: Available

    | Contributor(s):: Dongri Piao, Heng Wang, Dongdong Di, Guozhong Tian, Jiantong Luo, Wenjie Gao, Hongyan Zhao, Weimin Xu, Weixing Fan, Hai Jiang

    Brucella canis is a pathogenic bacterium that causes brucellosis in dogs, and its zoonotic potential has been increasing in recent years. 32 B. canis strains were divided into 26 genotypes using MLVA-16. The comprehensive approaches have been used to analyze human and...

  17. Fulfilling the Fundamentals of Life: A Grounded Theory of the Process of Human-Horse Relationship Development

    | Contributor(s):: Darlene Joy Chalmers, Constance Barlow (adviser), Cindy Adams (adviser)

    This thesis explores how relationships develop between humans and their equine companions, and how such relationships may be mutually beneficial. Specifically, the research question asks: What are the processes that occur in the interaction between humans and horses? The research employs a...

  18. Animal Assisted Psychotherapy: An Exploration of the Adult Client's Experience of Individual Psychotherapy with the Assistance of a Dog

    Full-text: Available

    | Contributor(s):: Hannah Allen-Miller

    ...

  19. Effects of a Form of Equine-Facilitated Learning on Heart Rate Variability, Immune Function, and Self-Esteem in Older Adults

    | Contributor(s):: Ann L. Baldwin, Barbara K. Rector, Ann C. Alden

    Equine-facilitated learning (EFL) helps people access their immediate sensations and feelings because horses, as prey animals, are continually aware of their environment and provide instant feedback to human behaviors and emotions. We hypothesize that during EFL, older people become more aware...

  20. The zoonotic potential of Clostridium difficile from small companion animals and their owners

    Full-text: Available

    | Contributor(s):: Rabold D, Espelage W, Abu Sin M, Eckmanns T, Schneeberg A, Neubauer H, et al.

    Clostridium difficile infections (CDI) in humans range from asymptomatic carriage to life-threatening intestinal disease. Findings on C. difficile in various animal species and an overlap in ribotypes (RTs) suggest potential zoonotic transmission. However, the impact of...