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Resources (81-100 of 252)

  1. Effects of presence of a familiar pet dog on regional cerebral activity in healthy volunteers: a positron emission tomography study

    Contributor(s):: Sugawara, A., Masud, M. M., Yokoyama, A., Mizutani, W., Watanuki, S., Yanai, K., Itoh, M., Tashiro, M.

  2. Usefulness of pet ownership as a modulator of cardiac autonomic imbalance in patients with diabetes mellitus, hypertension, and/or hyperlipidemia

    Contributor(s):: Aiba, N., Hotta, K., Yokoyama, M., Wang, G., Tabata, M., Kamiya, K., Shimizu, R., Kamekawa, D., Hoshi, K., Yamaoka-Tojo, M., Masuda, T.

  3. Presence of a pet dog and human cardiovascular responses to mild mental stress

    Contributor(s):: Kingwell, B. A., Lomdahl, A., Anderson, W. P.

  4. Pet ownership, but not ACE inhibitor therapy, blunts home blood pressure responses to mental stress

    Contributor(s):: Allen, K., Shykoff, B. E., Izzo, J. L., Jr.

    In the present study, we evaluated the effect of a nonevaluative social support intervention (pet ownership) on blood pressure response to mental stress before and during ACE inhibitor therapy. Forty-eight hypertensive individuals participated in an experiment at home and in the physician’s...

  5. Equine behaviour and heart rate in temperament tests with or without rider or handler

    Contributor(s):: von Borstel, U. König, Euent, S., Graf, P., König, S., Gauly, M.

  6. Behavioral and physiological responses of guide dogs to a situation of emotional distress

    Contributor(s):: Fallani, G., Prato Previde, E., Valsecchi, P.

    The aim of this study was to analyze the behavioral and physiological reactions of guide dogs in a distressing situation which promotes attachment behaviors towards their blind owners, and to compare such reactions with those of untrained or trainee dogs. The subjects were 57 adult Labrador and...

  7. Social interaction and blood pressure: Influence of animal companions

    Contributor(s):: Friedmann, Erik

  8. Conspecific recognition in the chimpanzee (Pan troglodytes): Cardiac responses to significant others

    Contributor(s):: Boysen, Sarah T., Berntson, Gary G.

  9. Does attention make the difference? Horses' response to human stimulus after 2 different training strategies

    Contributor(s):: Baragli, P., Mariti, C., Petri, L., Giorgio, F. de, Sighieri, C.

  10. How do horses appraise humans' actions? A brief note over a practical way to assess stimulus perception

    Contributor(s):: Baragli, P., Gazzano, A., Martelli, F., Sighieri, C.

    Heart rate (HR) is considered to be an effective tool for assessing animals' emotional response to a stimulus. We investigated changes in HR during a series of handling procedures (grooming test) in horses that had different experiences of human interaction. We used four groups of horses: grazing...

  11. Dog's gaze at its owner increases owner's urinary oxytocin during social interaction

    Contributor(s):: Nagasawa, M., Kikusui, T., Onaka, T., Ohta, M.

  12. Effects of stroking horses on both humans' and horses' heart rate responses

    Contributor(s):: Hama, Haruyo, Yogo, Masao, Matsuyama, Yoshinori

  13. Animal-assisted therapy as a pain relief intervention for children

    Contributor(s):: Braun, C., Stangler, T., Narveson, J., Pettingell, S.

  14. Behavioural fear and heart rate responses of horses after exposure to novel objects: effects of habituation

    Contributor(s):: Leiner, L., Fendt, M.

    The emotion fear promotes the fitness of wild animals. In a farm environment, exaggerated fear, e.g., in horses, can cause several problems. Therefore, knowledge about fear in horses helps to prevent or to handle potential fear-inducing situations. The present study investigated which behavioural...

  15. The propensity of cattle to vocalise during handling and isolation is affected by phenotype

    Contributor(s):: Watts, J. M., Stookey, J. M.

    We investigated whether phenotype affects vocal and behavioural responses of newly-weaned beef calves during handling situations, and whether vocal response differs between two types of handling situation. The phenotypic characteristic chosen was hair colour. Steers were classified into four...

  16. The use of a mirror reduces isolation stress in horses being transported by trailer

    Contributor(s):: Kay, R., Hall, C.

    Horse trailers are a common form of transportation for horses and ponies and often require the animal to travel alone or with a single companion. The current study investigated the effect of transporting horses alone, in company or with an acrylic safety mirror (measuring 81 cm x 61.5 cm) that...

  17. Fear of novel and startling stimuli in domestic dogs

    Contributor(s):: King, T., Hemsworth, P. H., Coleman, G. J.

    Dog aggression to humans is a serious problem and it appears that fear-induced aggression in dogs is often implicated. Furthermore, it has been suggested that novel and startling stimuli may trigger fear-induced aggression. The aim of the present study was to study some possible behavioural and...

  18. The effect of training schedule on learned tasks in yearling horses

    Contributor(s):: Kusunose, R., Yamanobe, A.

    12 yearlings (20-22-months-old) were divided into 2 groups and subjected to 2 different training schedules: (a) 30 min of training daily (the daily trained group); and (b) 30 min of training for 4 days, followed by a 3-day rest (the intermittently trained group), in order to compare the effect of...

  19. Social licking in dairy cattle - effects on heart rate in performers and receivers

    Contributor(s):: Laister, S., Stockinger, B., Regner, A. M., Zenger, K., Knierim, U., Winckler, C.

    Using heart rate (HR) measurements we investigated whether potential calming effects of social licking were evident for both active (performers) and passive (receivers) licking partners. A HR decline was assumed to indicate relaxation and thus the experience of positive emotions. Effects of the...

  20. Fearfulness in horses: a temperament trait stable across time and situations

    Contributor(s):: Lansade, L., Bouissou, M. F., Erhard, H. W.

    The purpose of this study was to test the existence of a "fearfulness" trait in horses, by testing the stability across situations and over time of the responses to different fear-eliciting situations. It was also to identify which behavioural parameters are the best indicators of this trait....