A comparison of the Monty Roberts technique with a conventional UK technique for initial training of riding horses
Contributor(s):: Fowler, V., Kennedy, M., Marlin, D.
A non-invasive system for remotely monitoring heart rate in free-ranging ungulates
Contributor(s):: Gedir, J. V.
A new, external non-invasive telemetric heart rate (HR) monitoring system was evaluated on 8 wapiti (Cervus elaphus canadensis), yearlings in July and August 1996. The assembly consisted of a leather girth strap, onto which a HR transmitter and a customized carriage bolt electrode system were...
A nonnatural head-neck position ( Rollkur ) during training results in less acute stress in elite, trained, dressage horses
Contributor(s):: Breda, E. van
This study measured parameters of stress in recreational, trained horses (REC; n=7) and elite (International Grand Prix level) trained, dressage horses (DRES; n=5). The training of the DRES horses uses an unnatural head-neck position (Rollkur), whereas in the REC horses such training techniques...
A note on a behavioural indicator of satisfaction in stabled horses
Contributor(s):: Ninomiya, S., Sato, S., Kusunose, R., Mitumasu, T., Obara, Y.
We observed the behaviour of six stabled horses (stallions n=3; geldings n=3) in an attempt to identify behavioural measures of eating satisfaction. The horses were required to perform an operant response (pressing a button with the muzzle) in order to access a food reward in an experimental box...
A note on behaviour and heart rate in horses differing in facial hair whorl
Contributor(s):: Gorecka, A., Golonka, M., Chruszczewski, M., Jezierski, T.
The relationship between facial hair whorl position and reactivity, as assessed by behavioural measures (handling score=HS; startle reaction to a suddenly appearing novel object=SR; latency to touch a novel object=LNO) and heart rate measures (mean HR; increase in heart rate=IHR) were studied...
A note on the effect of gestation housing environment on approach test measures in gilts
Contributor(s):: Marchant-Forde, J. N., Bradshaw, R. H., Marchant-Forde, R. M., Broom, D. M.
Systems' welfare evaluation, including behavioural testing, is becoming increasingly popular in farm animal assurance schemes. The aims of this study were to investigate whether fairly short-term exposure to gestation housing systems, which varied in physical, environmental and human-input...
A pilot study on yearlings' reactions to handling in relation to the training method
Contributor(s):: Polito, R., Minero, M., Canali, E., Verga, M.
Handling and training methods of horses, which specially emphasize the importance of understanding horse body language and the use of reinforcements, are often used in practice, yet their effects are not completely known. This study investigated whether the use of a sympathetic approach during...
A pilot study to assess whether high expansion CO2;-enriched foam is acceptable for on-farm emergency killing of poultry
Contributor(s):: Gerritzen, M. A., Sparrey, J.
This pilot experiment was conducted to ascertain whether CO2-enriched high expansion foam could be an acceptable and efficient alternative in emergency killing of poultry. This method could have wide-ranging applications but with particular emphasis on small (backyard) flocks, free-range sheds or...
A review of pain assessment techniques and pharmacological approaches to pain relief after bovine castration: practical implications for cattle production within the United States. (Special Issue: Pain in farm animals.)
Contributor(s):: Coetzee, J. F.
Castration of male calves destined for beef production is a common livestock management practice in the United States amounting to approximately 7 million procedures per year. Recently there has been renewed interest in identifying methods to reduce pain associated with dehorning and castration....
A simple method for determining pulse width as a substitute for RR interval: A brief technical guide
| Contributor(s):: James Heathers, Matthew Goodwin
Photoplethysmography (PPG) provides cheap, simple access to pulsatile intervals which correspond to heart beats. However, it often provides a signal which is significantly degraded,and requires cleaning. Manual correction is time consuming, automated correction often fails to deal with unusual...
A trained demonstrator has a calming effect on naive horses when crossing a novel surface
| Contributor(s):: Rorvang, M. V., Ahrendt, L. P., Christensen, J. W.
Habituated horses have been found to have a calming effect on conspecifics in fear-eliciting situations. In practice, experienced horses are often used as companions when young horses are introduced to potentially frightening situations, like loading onto a trailer. However, studies of social...
Acute effects of cow-calf separation on heart rate, plasma cortisol and behaviour in multiparous dairy cows
| Contributor(s):: Hopster, H., O'Connell, J. M., Blokhuis, H. J.
Removing the calf after bonding may induce acute stress in the dairy cow. The responses of 8 Holstein-Friesian cows were examined immediately after the removal of their calves on the third day after parturition. Blood samples were taken before and after the separation for cortisol analysis. After...
Agonistic interactions and physiological reactions of top- and bottom-ranking pigs confronted with a familiar and an unfamiliar group: preliminary results
| Contributor(s):: Otten, W., Puppe, B., Stabenow, B., Kanitz, E., Schon, P. C., Brussow, K. P., Nurnberg, G.
Four trials were carried out, where in each trial during a selection test 2 groups of growing pigs (12 weeks old) with 9 animals each were randomly formed. After a week, the top (TR) and bottom (BR) ranking pig from each group was isolated and kept under single housing conditions. At the age of...
An evaluation of the physiological affects of anticipation, activity arousal and recovery in sprinting Greyhounds
| Contributor(s):: Gillette, R. L., Angle, T. C., Sanders, J. S., DeGraves, F. J.
This study was designed to separate the physically induced effects of activity from the psychologically induced effects of anticipation of activity. The purpose of this study was to determine if a psychological experience (i.e., activity anticipation) would cause a significant physiological...
An objective measure of reactive behaviour in horses
| Contributor(s):: Noble, G. K., Blackshaw, K. L., Cowling, A., Harris, P. A., Sillence, M. N.
Animal attachment, absorption and empathy as moderators of dog-based stress reduction
| Contributor(s):: Sectzer, Jessica
Animal-assisted therapy as a pain relief intervention for children
| Contributor(s):: Braun, C., Stangler, T., Narveson, J., Pettingell, S.
Animals' emotions: studies in sheep using appraisal theories
| Contributor(s):: Veissier, I., Boissy, A., Desire, L., Greiveldinger, L.
Animal welfare concerns stem from recognition of the fact that animals can experience emotions such as pain or joy. Nevertheless, discussion of animal emotions is often considered anthropomorphic, and there is a clear need to use explanatory frameworks to understand animals' emotions. We borrowed...
Are results of Crib Opening Test connected with efficacy of training horses in a round-pen?
| Contributor(s):: Wilk, I., Kedzierski, W., Stachurska, A., Janczarek, I.
Training the horse is based on human-horse relationship, which requires that the horse shows active, conscious behaviour as well as an ability to learn. It was hypothesized that the horse's learning skill to open the crib is correlated with the effectiveness of training. The aim of the study was...
Are women's dogs less stressed and healthier than men's dogs? An investigation in the waiting room of a veterinary hospital
| Contributor(s):: Boere, V., Scalon, M. C., Wiedemann, G. G. S.
Dogs are able of discriminate several human behaviors, behaving of corresponding way. Some studies showed that the dogs possess propensities to be more sociable and less stressed when manipulated by women regarding the dogs manipulated by men. We investigated in this study if the dogs accompanied...