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  1. Physiological and behavioural alterations in disbudded goat kids with and without local anaesthesia

    Contributor(s):: Alvarez, L., Nava, R. A., Ramirez, A., Ramirez, E., Gutierrez, J.

    The physiological and behavioural responses were evaluated in goat kids that were disbudded either with or without local anaesthesia, in a study with 56 animals randomly allocated among five groups. The anaesthesia/disbudding group (AD, n=12) was treated with 2 mL 2% lidocaine (L2

  2. Physiological measurements after ovariohysterectomy in dogs: what's normal?

    Contributor(s):: Hansen, B. D., Hardie, E. M., Carroll, G. S.

    Twenty-two pet dogs presented to the North Carolina State University Veterinary Teaching Hospital for elective ovariohysterectomy were treated with oxymorphone 2.5 mg/msuperscript 2 (Surgery-O group, 11 dogs) or placebo (Surgery-P group, 11 dogs) immediately before the induction of anaesthesia...

  3. Some effects of repeated handling and the use of a mask on stress responses in zebu cattle during restraint

    Contributor(s):: Andrade, O., Orihuela, A., Solano, J., Galina, C. S.

    The objective of this investigation was to evaluate the effect of repeated handling and the use of a mask on the order of entry, temperament, cortisol concentration and heart and respiratory rates of Brahman cattle during restraint in a squeeze chute. In the first experiment, 18 cows were...

  4. The behavioural, physiological and immunological responses of lambs from two rearing systems and two genotypes to exposure to humans

    Contributor(s):: Goddard, P. J., Fawcett, A. R., Macdonald, A. J., Reid, H. W.

    96 lambs of 2 genotypes (Scottish Blackface: BF and Texel x (Blue-faced Leicester x Scottish Blackface): T) were studied. From birth to weaning 1 of 2 management regimes was applied: extensive (E), whereby animals were handled as little as possible or semi-intensive (I), in which lambs...

  5. The effects of two different amounts of dietary grain on the digestibility of the diet and behaviour of intensively managed horses

    Contributor(s):: Freire, R., Clegg, H. A., Buckley, P., Friend, M. A., McGreevy, P. D.

    The current experiment examined the effect of switching from a moderate grain diet to a high grain diet, as are typically fed to intensively managed horses, on some behavioural and physiological (oro-caecal transit time [OCTT], digestibility, plasma cortisol concentrations and heart rate)...

  6. Towards a more objective assessment of equine personality using behavioural and physiological observations from performance test training

    Contributor(s):: Borstel, U. K. von, Pasing, S., Gauly, M.

    Current definitions of horse personality traits are rather vague, lacking clear, universally accepted guidelines for evaluation in performance tests. Therefore, the aim of the present study was to screen behavioural and physiological measurements taken during riding for potential links with...

  7. Habituation potential of yellow-eyed penguins depends on sex, character and previous experience with humans

    Contributor(s):: Ellenberg, Ursula, Mattern, Thomas, Seddon, Philip J.

  8. Effects of a trained therapy dog in child-centered play therapy on children's biobehavioral measures of anxiety

    Contributor(s):: Annette L. Athy

    This study was concerned with reducing children’s anticipatory anxiety when entering mental health services for the first time. The purpose of this study was to determine whether combining two effective modalities, play therapy and animal-assisted therapy, would be effective in decreasing...

  9. The effects of animal assisted interventions on children with autism during the movement assessment battery for children-2 (MABC-2)

    Contributor(s):: Dannielle L. Miccinello

  10. Psychosocial and psychophysiological effects of human-animal interactions: The possible role of oxytocin

    Full-text: Available

    | Contributor(s):: Andrea Beetz, Kerstin Uvnäs-Moberg, Henri Julius, Kurt Kotrschal

    During the last decade it has become more widely accepted that pet ownership and animal assistance in therapy and education may have a multitude of positive effects on humans. Here, we review the evidence from 69 original studies on human-animal interactions (HAI) which met our inclusion...

  11. Are women's dogs less stressed and healthier than men's dogs? An investigation in the waiting room of a veterinary hospital

    | Contributor(s):: Boere, V., Scalon, M. C., Wiedemann, G. G. S.

    Dogs are able of discriminate several human behaviors, behaving of corresponding way. Some studies showed that the dogs possess propensities to be more sociable and less stressed when manipulated by women regarding the dogs manipulated by men. We investigated in this study if the dogs accompanied...

  12. Short-term interaction between dogs and their owners: effects on oxytocin, cortisol, insulin and heart rate - an exploratory study

    | Contributor(s):: Handlin, L., Hydbring-Sandberg, E., Nilsson, A., Ejdeback, M., Jansson, A., Uvnas-Moberg, K.

    The aim of this exploratory study was to determine heart rate and the levels of oxytocin, cortisol, and insulin in dogs and their owners in response to a short-term interaction. In addition, the dogs' behavior was studied. The owners' responses were compared with those obtained from a control...

  13. Effects of horseback riding and contact with horses on mood change and heart rate

    | Contributor(s):: Honda, Asako, Yamazaki, Katuo

  14. Effect of previous stroking on reactions to a veterinary procedure: Behaviour and heart rate of dairy cows

    | Contributor(s):: Schmied, Claudia, Boivin, Xavier, Scala, Sebastian, Waiblinger, Susanne

  15. Physiological effects of human/companion animal bonding

    | Contributor(s):: Baun, M. M., Bergstrom, N., Langston, N. F., Thoma, L.

  16. RM and Beaux: reductions in cardiac activity in response to a pet snake

    | Contributor(s):: Eddy, T. J.

  17. Cardiovascular Effects of Human-Pet Dog Interactions

    | Contributor(s):: Vormbrock, Julia, Grossberg, John

  18. Physiologic and behavioral responses to companion animals

    | Contributor(s):: Katcher, A. H.

  19. Real-time non-invasive measurement of heart rate in working dogs: a technique with potential applications in the objective assessment of welfare problems

    | Contributor(s):: Vincent, I. C., Leahy, R. A.

    The Polar Sport Tester (Polar Electro OY) is a telemetric heart rate monitor designed for use in humans. Its usefulness as a monitor during training of guide dogs was assessed. Heart rates from six representative dogs at a similar stage of early training were recorded at 5-s intervals during a...

  20. Differential effects of person in the dog and in the human

    | Contributor(s):: Astrup, C. W., Gantt, W. H., Stephens, J. H.