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  1. Differential effects of person in the dog and in the human

    Contributor(s):: Astrup, C. W., Gantt, W. H., Stephens, J. H.

  2. Pets and you. Companions for health

  3. Physiological effects of petting a companion animal

    Contributor(s):: Jenkins, J. L.

  4. Welfare of sport horses: role of the rider

    Contributor(s):: Auvinet, B., Coureau, C., Galloux, P.

  5. Presence of human friends and pet dogs as moderators of autonomic responses to stress in women

    Contributor(s):: Allen, K. M., Blascovich, J., Tomaka, J., Kelsey, R. M.

  6. Repeated handling of pigs during rearing. I. Refusal of contact by the handler and reactivity to familiar and unfamiliar humans

    Contributor(s):: Terlouw, E. M. C., Porcher, J.

    Pigs housed in groups received different handling treatments for 40 d until slaughter age. Pigs of the human interaction (HI) and refusal of contact (RC) groups were individually introduced into a pen each day, where they remained for 3 min in the presence of a squatted handler. The handler tried...

  7. Husbandry influences on some physiological parameters of emotional responses in calves

    Contributor(s):: Stephens, D. B., Toner, J. N.

  8. Assessment of mental stress in warmblood horses: heart rate variability in comparison to heart rate and selected behavioural parameters

    Contributor(s):: Rietmann, T. R., Stuart, A. E. A., Bernasconi, P., Stauffacher, M., Auer, J. A., Weishaupt, M. A.

    The aim of the study was to investigate whether heart rate variability (HRV) could assess alterations of the autonomic nervous system (ANS) at different levels of excitement. The behavioural and physiological responses of 20 warmblood horses to a challenging ground exercise task were studied....

  9. Behavioural and physiological responses of pigs to sound

    Contributor(s):: Talling, J. C., Waran, N. K., Wathes, C. M., Lines, J. A.

    Eight piglets were exposed to artificially generated sounds, nominal intensities of 85 or 97 dB(Lin), and frequencies of 500 or 8000 Hz for 15 min during a 1-h experimental period. In a 2nd experiment, 8 piglets were exposed to 20 min of farm sounds (Leq 80 dB), transport sounds (Leq 83 dB),...

  10. Changes in social environment induce higher emotional disturbances than changes in physical environment in quail

    Contributor(s):: Valance, D., Boissy, A., Despres, G., Arnould, C., Galand, C., Favreau, A., Constantin, P., Leterrier, C.

    In intensive rearing, birds are exposed to frequent changes in both their social and physical environments, and this can have an impact on animal welfare under commercial conditions. The aim of the present study was to compare the emotional responses induced by social and non-social changes and...

  11. Does the use of a device to measure heart rate affect the behavioural responses of lambs to humans?

    Contributor(s):: Tallet, C., Veissier, I., Boivin, X.

    Devices used to measure cardiac activity (elasticized belt, electrodes, etc.) in standardised behavioural tests could be stressful for the animals, and therefore affect their responses. Preliminary habituation to the device is not always possible. To date, the impact of carrying such devices has...

  12. Effects of loading and transport on the heart rate and behaviour of horses

    Contributor(s):: Waran, N. K., Cuddeford, D.

    The behaviour and heart rates of 32 horses were compared during loading. Evasive behaviour during loading was only observed in very young horses, and the time the yearlings took to load (368 s) was much greater than that of 2-year-olds (29.5 s), 3-year-olds (21.5 s) and those over 3 years of age...

  13. Effects of pre-haul management and transport duration on beef calf performance and welfare

    Contributor(s):: Schwartzkopf-Genswein, K. S., Booth-McLean, M. E., Shah, M. A., Entz, T., Bach, S. J., Mears, G. J., Schaefer, A. L., Cook, N., Church, J., McAllister, T. A.

    Behavioural and physiological indicators of stress as well as growth performance, and morbidity rates were assessed in 174 steer calves (220+or-37 kg) for 30 days after transport from ranch-to-feedlot. The calves were conditioned (C) or not (NC), and subjected to short- (2.7 h, S) or long-hauling...

  14. Effects of transport on the behaviour and heart rates of Thoroughbred horses

    Contributor(s):: Waran, N. K., Singh, N., Robertson, V., Cuddeford, D., Marlin, D.

  15. Heart rate changes in loose and tethered sows around feeding

    Contributor(s):: Schouten, W. G. P., Rushen, J., Passille, A. M. de

  16. Heart-rate telemetry in deer and sheep

    Contributor(s):: Sibly, R. M., Price, S., Horalek, G., Jones, A. R.

  17. Individual variation in the heart rate of piglets; evidence against stable differences

    Contributor(s):: Webster, S. D., Jones, A. R.

    Heart rate was measured in 15 piglets from 5 litters from multiparous Camborough 12 sows, and analysed with respect to individual animal, behaviour (posture, locomotion, aggression and feeding), age, weight, ranked weight, experimental treatment and data collection session (data collection...

  18. Response of dairy cows and calves to early separation: effect of calf age and visual and auditory contact after separation. (Special Issue: Early Weaning.)

    Contributor(s):: Stehulova, I., Lidfors, L., Spinka, M.

    We evaluated how the behavioural and heart rate response of dairy cows and calves to mutual separation was affected by two factors: the age of the calf at separation (1, 4 and 7 days) and the presence or absence of visual and auditory contact between the mother and her calf after separation. In...

  19. Stroking of different body regions by a human: effects on behaviour and heart rate of dairy cows

    Contributor(s):: Schmied, C., Waiblinger, S., Scharl, T., Leisch, F., Boivin, X.

    From observations of intra-specific social grooming in cattle and studies on human stroking in other species, we hypothesised that cows' reactions to human stroking differ depending on the body regions being stroked. Moreover, we tested, whether cows 'reactions to stroking change with the...

  20. The effect of early handling of foals on their reaction to handling, humans and novelty, and the foal-mare relationship

    Contributor(s):: Sondergaard, E., Jago, J.

    The natural behaviour of horses in response to danger is to take flight, and consequently human handlers can be injured. Reducing the flight response and general reactivity of horses is therefore likely to reduce the incidence of injuries to handlers. In this experiment we investigated the effect...