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  1. Presence of a pet dog and human cardiovascular responses to mild mental stress

    Contributor(s):: Kingwell, B. A., Lomdahl, A., Anderson, W. P.

  2. Usefulness of pet ownership as a modulator of cardiac autonomic imbalance in patients with diabetes mellitus, hypertension, and/or hyperlipidemia

    Contributor(s):: Aiba, N., Hotta, K., Yokoyama, M., Wang, G., Tabata, M., Kamiya, K., Shimizu, R., Kamekawa, D., Hoshi, K., Yamaoka-Tojo, M., Masuda, T.

  3. Behavioral and physiological responses of guide dogs to a situation of emotional distress

    Contributor(s):: Fallani, G., Prato Previde, E., Valsecchi, P.

    The aim of this study was to analyze the behavioral and physiological reactions of guide dogs in a distressing situation which promotes attachment behaviors towards their blind owners, and to compare such reactions with those of untrained or trainee dogs. The subjects were 57 adult Labrador and...

  4. Equine behaviour and heart rate in temperament tests with or without rider or handler

    Contributor(s):: von Borstel, U. König, Euent, S., Graf, P., König, S., Gauly, M.

  5. Conspecific recognition in the chimpanzee (Pan troglodytes): Cardiac responses to significant others

    Contributor(s):: Boysen, Sarah T., Berntson, Gary G.

  6. Does attention make the difference? Horses' response to human stimulus after 2 different training strategies

    Contributor(s):: Baragli, P., Mariti, C., Petri, L., Giorgio, F. de, Sighieri, C.

  7. How do horses appraise humans' actions? A brief note over a practical way to assess stimulus perception

    Contributor(s):: Baragli, P., Gazzano, A., Martelli, F., Sighieri, C.

    Heart rate (HR) is considered to be an effective tool for assessing animals' emotional response to a stimulus. We investigated changes in HR during a series of handling procedures (grooming test) in horses that had different experiences of human interaction. We used four groups of horses: grazing...

  8. Social interaction and blood pressure: Influence of animal companions

    Contributor(s):: Friedmann, Erik

  9. Dog's gaze at its owner increases owner's urinary oxytocin during social interaction

    Contributor(s):: Nagasawa, M., Kikusui, T., Onaka, T., Ohta, M.

  10. Effects of stroking horses on both humans' and horses' heart rate responses

    Contributor(s):: Hama, Haruyo, Yogo, Masao, Matsuyama, Yoshinori

  11. Animal-assisted therapy as a pain relief intervention for children

    Contributor(s):: Braun, C., Stangler, T., Narveson, J., Pettingell, S.

  12. A note on the effect of gestation housing environment on approach test measures in gilts

    Contributor(s):: Marchant-Forde, J. N., Bradshaw, R. H., Marchant-Forde, R. M., Broom, D. M.

    Systems' welfare evaluation, including behavioural testing, is becoming increasingly popular in farm animal assurance schemes. The aims of this study were to investigate whether fairly short-term exposure to gestation housing systems, which varied in physical, environmental and human-input...

  13. Agonistic interactions and physiological reactions of top- and bottom-ranking pigs confronted with a familiar and an unfamiliar group: preliminary results

    Contributor(s):: Otten, W., Puppe, B., Stabenow, B., Kanitz, E., Schon, P. C., Brussow, K. P., Nurnberg, G.

    Four trials were carried out, where in each trial during a selection test 2 groups of growing pigs (12 weeks old) with 9 animals each were randomly formed. After a week, the top (TR) and bottom (BR) ranking pig from each group was isolated and kept under single housing conditions. At the age of...

  14. Assessment of equine temperament by a questionnaire survey to caretakers and evaluation of its reliability by simultaneous behavior test

    Contributor(s):: Momozawa, Y., Ono, T., Sato, F., Kikusui, T., Takeuchi, Y., Mori, Y., Kusunose, R.

    We carried out a questionnaire survey of the caretakers, using 86 riding horses kept in the Equestrian Park, Tokyo (Japan Racing Association). The questionnaire survey used a 5-point scale and a 3-point scale to assess several caretakers' impressions of each horse's temperament, on the basis of...

  15. Behaviour and physiologic responses of mares to short-term isolation

    Contributor(s):: Strand, S. C., Tiefenbacher, S., Haskell, M., Hosmer, T., McDonnell, S. M., Freeman, D. A.

    The aim of this study was to evaluate the behaviour and physiologic responses of mares to removal from an established pasture herd and to isolation in a pasture setting for 6 h (Group I, n=5). Responses of mares in Group I were compared to mares that were transported and returned to the herd...

  16. Behavioural and physiological responses of horses to initial training: the comparison between pastured versus stalled horses

    Contributor(s):: Rivera, E., Benjamin, S., Nielsen, B., Shelle, J., Zanella, A. J.

    Horses kept in stalls are deprived of opportunities for social interactions, and the performance of natural behaviour is limited. Inadequate environmental conditions may compromise behavioural development. Initial training is a complex process and it is likely that the responses of horses may be...

  17. Behavioural fear and heart rate responses of horses after exposure to novel objects: effects of habituation

    Contributor(s):: Leiner, L., Fendt, M.

    The emotion fear promotes the fitness of wild animals. In a farm environment, exaggerated fear, e.g., in horses, can cause several problems. Therefore, knowledge about fear in horses helps to prevent or to handle potential fear-inducing situations. The present study investigated which behavioural...

  18. Both energy content and bulk of food affect stereotypic behaviour, heart rate and feeding motivation of female pigs

    Contributor(s):: Robert, S., Rushen, J., Farmer, C.

    The effect of high-fibre diets on feeding motivation and feeding-related stereotypic behaviour was examined in gilts. Forty gilts were fed on a concentrate diet (CONC) or high-fibre diets balanced for energy (WHEAT, wheat bran and maize cobs or OAT, oat hulls and oat) or with a lower energy...

  19. Clinical signs caused by the use of electric training collars on dogs in everyday life situations

    Contributor(s):: Schalke, E., Stichnoth, J., Ott, S., Jones-Baade, R.

    The use of electric shock collars for training dogs is the subject of considerable controversy. Supporters claim that they are a reliable means of eliminating self-rewarding behaviour and that they can be used over greater distances and with less risk of stress and injury than mechanical devices,...

  20. Development of the attachment bond in guide dogs

    Contributor(s):: Valsecchi, P., Previde, E. P., Accorsi, P. A., Fallani, G.

    This study investigates ontogenetic aspects of attachment behaviour in guide dogs using the Strange Situation Test (SST). Seventeen dogs were tested three times in different periods of the guide dog training program. The first test was carried out when the dogs were 11-15 months old and before...