"Pets Negotiable": How Do the Perspectives of Landlords and Property Managers Compare with Those of Younger Tenants with Dogs?
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| Contributor(s):: Taryn M. Graham, Katrina J. Milaney, Cindy L. Adams, Melanie J Rock
In rental housing policy, pets are rarely considered as valued household members. Instead, landlords and property managers are often permitted to ban pets outright, or to advertise them as merely negotiable in their listings for rental housing. In fact, previous research has shown that moving...
A Comparison of Cats (Felis silvestris catus) Housed in Groups and Single Cages at a Shelter: A Retrospective Matched Cohort Study
| Contributor(s):: Malini Suchak, Jacalyn Lamica
When cats are relinquished to shelters, they frequently experience a great deal of stress. Shelters often try to control certain aspects of their environment, such as housing, to help them relax. Some cats are placed in small group rooms upon entry, whereas others are placed in single cages....
A comparison of the effects of two oestrus detection procedures and two housing systems on the oestrus detection rate of female pigs
| Contributor(s):: Hemsworth, P. H., Winfield, C. G., Barnett, J. L., Schirmer, B., Hanse, C.
In the 1st experiment, high oestrus detection rates (percentage of cycling gilts that were detected in oestrus) were achieved when cycling gilts which were kept near (but not adjacent to) boars, were checked for oestrus using either the back-pressure test (BPT) in close proximity to boars or a...
A critically appraised topic (CAT) to compare the effects of single and multi-cat housing on physiological and behavioural measures of stress in domestic cats in confined environments
| Contributor(s):: Lauren R Finka, Sarah LH Ellis, Jenny Stavisky
BackgroundDomestic cats have evolved from solitary, asocial predators and whilst they may display social behaviours, they can still exist as solitary survivors. Over-population and relinquishment of pet cats are ubiquitous problems worldwide, and rehoming centres (also known as rescues/ shelters)...
A multiple free choice model for pigs
| Contributor(s):: Mwanjali, S., Smidt, D., Ellendorff, F.
A model which takes into consideration previous criticism of multiple free choice systems is proposed. A hexagonal housing system was constructed with 6 identical cubicles, which allowed elimination of all variables except the 1 to be investigated. Barriers could be introduced at the entrance to...
A note on the effect of isolation during testing and length of previous confinement on locomotor behaviour during open-field test in dairy calves
| Contributor(s):: Jensen, M. B.
This study investigated firstly if confined calves perform more locomotor behaviour when open-field tested in pairs than when tested individually, and secondly if length of confinement affects the build-up of motivation to perform locomotor behaviour. In the first experiment, 14 calves were...
A note on the influence of visual conspecific contact on the behaviour of sheltered dogs
| Contributor(s):: Wells, D. L., Hepper, P. G.
The effects of visual contact with other dogs on the behaviour of dogs housed in a rescue shelter were examined. 407 dogs were studied: 212 dogs were housed in cages that allowed for visual contact with dogs in opposite pens; 195 dogs were deprived of visual contact with other dogs by being...
A quantitative analysis of social behaviour of different crossbreds of dairy cattle kept in loose housing and its relationship to productivity
| Contributor(s):: Jezierski, T. A., Podluzny, M.
The social behaviour of Polish Black-and-White dairy cattle (BW) was compared with that of the F1-crossbreds of BW with Jersey (BW x J), Ayrshire (BW x Ay), Holstein-Friesian (BW x HF) and Swedish Black-and-White (BW x SLB). The crossbreds BW x J proved to be most aggressive, excitable and...
A sequential analysis of eliminative behaviour in domestic pigs
| Contributor(s):: Wechsler, B., Bachmann, I.
Knowledge of eliminative behaviour in pigs is of much importance for the design of housing systems in order to minimise soiling of the lying area. 53 piglets, 136 fatteners, 272 finishers and 277 sows were observed as focal animals at regularly used dunging areas in a highly structured housing...
A synthesis of the inter-relations animal house, environment, rentability, human and animal welfare
| Contributor(s):: Maton, A.
Types of housing for dairy cattle, pigs and poultry are assessed in terms of environmental impact, economic factors and animal and human welfare.
Agonistic and mating behavior of adult chickens modified by social and physical environments
| Contributor(s):: Craig, J. V., Bhagwat, A. L.
Agonistic and mating behaviour in 48 flocks of adult White Leghorn fowls was observed for 8 wk. A factorial experimental design allowed evaluation of behaviour as affected by genetic strain, presence or absence of males , age group (initial ages of 32 or 48 wk), and less crowded floor pens...
Alternative housing for sows and litters 1. Effects of sow-controlled housing on responses to weaning
| Contributor(s):: Pajor, E. A., Weary, D. M., Fraser, D., Kramer, D. L.
A sow-controlled housing system and its affects on production and welfare problems resulting from the abrupt separation of piglets from sows at weaning was investigated. 44 sows and litters were housed during lactation in either a 'confined' pen where the sow and litter were kept together, or a...
Alternative housing for sows and litters: 2. Effects of a communal piglet area on pre- and post-weaning behaviour and performance
| Contributor(s):: Weary, D. M., Pajor, E. A., Bonenfant, M., Ross, S. K., Fraser, D., Kramer, D. L.
An experiment was conducted to determine how allowing piglets access to a communal area affects pre-weaning and post-weaning behaviour and performance. Litters were housed in pens with sows in crates until piglets reached 11 days of age. For 10 experimental cohorts, barriers between the pens of...
An ethological approach to housing requirements of golden hamsters, Mongolian gerbils and fat sand rats in the laboratory - a review
| Contributor(s):: Sorensen, D. B., Krohn, T., Hansen, H. N., Ottesen, J. L., Hansen, A. K.
When housing hamsters and gerbils little has been done to identify the preferences of these species. The solitary nature of fat sand rats and hamsters is often discordant with housing practices in animal laboratories. This article provides a comparison of the behaviour of wild-living animals with...
An examination of behavioral, immunological and productive traits in four management systems for sows and piglets
| Contributor(s):: McGlone, J. J., Blecha, F.
Forty-one sows and litters were utilized in a multi-disciplinary evaluation of four common commercial housing systems for sows and piglets: (1) a standard crate (SC); (2) a modified or turnaround crate (TC); (3) a pen with an indoor and outdoor area (OP); (4) a straw-bedded hut on a lot (HL). HL...
An investigation of the effect of environmental enrichment and space allowance on the behaviour and production of growing pigs
| Contributor(s):: Beattie, V. E., Walker, N., Sneddon, I. A.
Newly weaned 6-week-old pigs in groups of 6 littermates were placed in enriched environments with a floor space allowance of 0.5, 1.1, 1.7 or 2.3 msuperscript 2/pig (treatments 1-4, respectively). Treatment 5 was identical to treatment 4, except for the absence of enriching elements which...
Animal magic. Interview by Colin Wright
| Contributor(s):: Thomson, A.
Associations of behaviour with secretory immunoglobulin A and cortisol in domestic cats during their first week in an animal shelter
| Contributor(s):: Gourkow, N., LaVoy, A., Dean, G. A., Phillips, C. J. C.
We tested the hypothesis that during their first week in an animal shelter, cats exhibit groups of behaviours that are connected to mucosal immune and adrenal responses. The behaviour of 34 cats was observed from admission to day 5 and immunoglobulin A (S-IgA) and cortisol were quantified from...
Behavioral responses to short-term social isolation in sheep and goats
| Contributor(s):: Price, E. O., Thos, J.
Temporary isolation from social partners under modern husbandry practices is often accompanied by psychological distress. The effects of short-term social isolation were studied in forty ten-week-old domestic sheep and goats reared in intra- and inter-specific pairs. Goats bleated and reared...
Behaviour and distribution of fattening pigs in the multi-activity pen
| Contributor(s):: Simonsen, H. B.
Five groups of fattening pigs were observed in an experimental multi-activity pen with environmental enrichment. The pen measuring 36 msuperscript 2 included sections containing straw, feed and water connected by two corridors. In addition the pigs had access to straw racks, a shower and...