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All Categories (201-215 of 215)

  1. The effects of pregnancy and parity number on behavioural and physiological responses related to the welfare status of individual and group-housed pigs

    Contributor(s):: Barnett, J. L., Hemsworth, P. H., Winfield, C. G., Fahy, V. A.

    Plasma free-corticosteroid concentrations, aggressive behaviour and motivation to interact socially and explore a novel environment were observed in 39 female pigs housed either in groups of 4-7 animals or in tether stalls over 2 parities. Gilts in tethers in their first pregnancy had...

  2. The effects of the gestation and farrowing environments on sow and piglet behaviour and piglet survival and growth in early lactation

    Contributor(s):: Cronin, G. M., Simpson, G. J., Hemsworth, P. H.

    96 Large White x Landrace pigs were housed in individual stalls or group pens during pregnancy and in conventional crates or a prototype pair-pen system during farrowing and lactation. The pair-pen system provided each sow with an area of approximately 10 msuperscript 2 and included a specific...

  3. The influence of pen size on toy preference of growing pigs

    Contributor(s):: Apple, J. K., Craig, J. V.

    Gilts 4 weeks of age were allotted to a large or a small pen (space allowance 0.8 and 0.4 msuperscript 2 per pig respectively), and offered a choice of 4 types of toys (knotted-end rope, length of rubber hose, piece of brass-plated chain, hourglass-shaped rubber dog). The toys were hung from the...

  4. The preparturient behaviour of sows in enriched pens and the effect of pre-formed nests

    Contributor(s):: Arey, D. S., Petchey, A. M., Fowler, V. R.

    The nest building behaviour of 12 preparturient sows was studied in enriched pens. Four categories of behaviour were observed: rooting, straw carrying, pawing and lying. In the 24 h before farrowing, 6 sows excavated hollows in sand floors and removed straw from dispensers to construct nests...

  5. Thermoregulatory behaviour of sheep housed in insulated and uninsulated buildings

    Contributor(s):: Boe, K.

    This study was made to investigate the thermoregulatory behaviour of sheep in confinement. In Experiment 1, two groups of 8 lambs in both an insulated (IN) and uninsulated (UN) house (total 32 animals) were studied; the durations of lying with and without body contact and standing were recorded...

  6. Companion animal renters and pet-friendly housing in the US

    Contributor(s):: Carlisle-Frank, P., Frank, J. M., Nielsen, L.

    A nationwide empirical study was conducted to determine the factors influencing the availability of pet-friendly rental housing throughout the US. Factors examined included an assessment of a variety of financial and economic factors, rental rates, deposits, turnover and damage histories, rental...

  7. Effects of group and individual housing on the behavior of kennelled dogs in animal shelters

    Contributor(s):: Mertens, P. A., Unshelm, J.

    To emphasize the effects of group- and single housing of kennelled dogs, the behavior of 211 dogs in two German animal shelters was tested and observed. After being placed, 197 of the dogs' new owners were interviewed.Although 51% of the German animal shelters already keep dogs in groups, there...

  8. Effects of winter housing, exercise, and dietary treatments on the behaviour and welfare of red deer ( Cervus elaphus ) hinds

    Contributor(s):: Pollard, J. C., Littlejohn, R. P.

    Behaviour, productivity, skin damage and adrenal response to ACTH challenge were measured in 6 groups of 8 weaner hinds over 91 days from June to September 1990 (winter) in Otago, New Zealand. The hinds were confined either indoors (I), indoors with daily exercise (IE) or outdoors (2 groups per...

  9. Housing and welfare in laboratory rats: welfare implications of isolation and social contact among caged males

    Contributor(s):: Hurst, J. L., Barnard, C. J., Nevison, C. M., West, C. D.

  10. Preference testing of substrates by growing pigs

    Contributor(s):: Beattie, V. E., Walker, N., Sneddon, I. A.

    The preferences of growing pigs for substrates were investigated by giving groups of 6 pigs a choice between 2 substrates in each test. The 7 substrates examined were concrete, mushroom compost (spent), peat, sand, sawdust, straw and woodbark. 13 comparisons of pairs of substrates were tested...

  11. Rearing pigs in species-specific family groups

    Contributor(s):: Wechsler, B.

    In the Family Pen System, piglets and fatteners are reared in specific family groups that correspond to the normal social organization of domestic pigs. The feasibility of a technologically improved version of this alternative housing system, originally designed by Alex Stolba, was tested on a...

  12. Stress and adaptation of cats ( Felis silvestris catus ) housed singly, in pairs and in groups in boarding catteries

    Contributor(s):: Kessler, M. R., Turner, D. C.

    The development of stress in 140 boarding cats during a two-week stay under single-, pair- and group-housing conditions in a boarding cattery was investigated and compared with the stress levels of 45 control cats which had been at the animal shelter for several weeks. Signs of stress were...

  13. The behavioural repertoire of non-breeding group-housed female laboratory rabbits ( Oryctolagus cuniculus )

    Contributor(s):: Held, S. D. E., Turner, R. J., Wootton, R. J.

    Many studies on group-housing of laboratory rabbits to date have focused on management aspects and economic implications. Our aim here is to provide behavioural background information for future investigations focusing on behavioural and welfare aspects of group-housing. In the present study, we...

  14. The early ontogeny of bar-gnawing in laboratory gerbils

    | Contributor(s):: Wiedenmayer, C.

  15. The effect of cubicle and straw yard housing of the behaviour, production and hoof health of dairy cows

    | Contributor(s):: Phillips, C. J. C., Schofield, S. A.

    In a study of 40 spring-calving dairy cows housed in a deep straw yard or a cubicle house from November to April cows in straw yards spent longer lying down and feeding, except during oestrus when they increased their time spent standing proportionately more than cows in cubicles. In the straw...