Current mite, cat, and dog allergen exposure, pet ownership, and sensitization to inhalant allergens in adults
Contributor(s):: Custovic, A., Simpson, B. M., Simpson, A., Hallam, C. L., Marolia, H., Walsh, D., Campbell, J., Woodcock, A., National Asthma Campaign Manchester, Asthma, Allergy Study, Group
Evaluation of Petri dish sampling for assessment of cat allergen in airborne dust
Contributor(s):: Karlsson, A. S., Hedren, M., Almqvist, C., Larsson, K., Renstrom, A.
Pet ownership: its effect on allergy and respiratory symptoms
Contributor(s):: Bener, A., Mobayed, H., Sattar, H. A., Al-Mohammed, A. A., Ibrahimi, A. S., Sabbah, A.
Survey of owned feline and canine populations in apartments from a neighbourhood in Curitiba, Brazil
Contributor(s):: Serafini, C. A., Rosa, G. A., Guimaraes, A. M., De Morais, H. A., Biondo, A. W.
Values and limitations of pet ownership
Contributor(s):: Selby, L. A., Rhoades, J. D., Irvin, J. A., Carey, G. E., Wade, R. G.
The impact of light, noise, cage cleaning and in-house transport on welfare and stress of laboratory rats
Contributor(s):: Castelhano-Carlos, M. J., Baumans, V.
Human interaction and physical environmental factors are part of the stimuli presented to laboratory animals everyday, influencing their behaviour and physiology and contributing to their welfare. Certain environmental conditions and routine procedures in the animal facility might induce stress...
Alternative housing for sows and litters 1. Effects of sow-controlled housing on responses to weaning
Contributor(s):: Pajor, E. A., Weary, D. M., Fraser, D., Kramer, D. L.
A sow-controlled housing system and its affects on production and welfare problems resulting from the abrupt separation of piglets from sows at weaning was investigated. 44 sows and litters were housed during lactation in either a 'confined' pen where the sow and litter were kept together, or a...
Alternative housing for sows and litters: 2. Effects of a communal piglet area on pre- and post-weaning behaviour and performance
Contributor(s):: Weary, D. M., Pajor, E. A., Bonenfant, M., Ross, S. K., Fraser, D., Kramer, D. L.
An experiment was conducted to determine how allowing piglets access to a communal area affects pre-weaning and post-weaning behaviour and performance. Litters were housed in pens with sows in crates until piglets reached 11 days of age. For 10 experimental cohorts, barriers between the pens of...
Behaviour of Japanese quail ( Coturnix japonica ) kept in semi-natural aviaries
Contributor(s):: Schmid, I., Wechsler, B.
Eight groups of 8 or 9 quails of a domestic strain were housed in aviaries (19.1 msuperscript 2) containing natural soil and vegetation from May to October 1994 in Switzerland. There were 2 groups with hens only and 6 groups of varied sex ratio. A time budget analysis showed that the quails spent...
Behavioural effects of environmental enrichment for individually caged rabbits
Contributor(s):: Lidfors, L.
The behavioural effects of providing 60 male New Zealand laboratory rabbits with one of four objects in their individual cages as environmental enrichment were investigated. The rabbits were assigned to one of 5 treatments by a random procedure; hay in a water bottle, grass-cubes, two gnawing...
Effects of grouping piglets and changing sow location on suckling behaviour and performance
Contributor(s):: Wattanakul, W., Stewart, A. H., Edwards, S. A., English, P. R.
36 sows and litters were used to study how suckling behaviour was influenced by grouping of piglets and changing sow location under controlled conditions. Control sows (C) remained in farrowing pens with crates until weaning at 28 days. In treatment 1 (T1), piglets from 3 litters were grouped in...
Effects of straw bedding and high fibre diets on the behaviour of floor fed group-housed sows
Contributor(s):: Whittaker, X., Edwards, S. A., Spoolder, H. A. M., Lawrence, A. B., Corning, S.
Twenty groups of 7 multiparous Landrace x Large White sows were used in a 2 x 2 factorial design to investigate the effects on behaviour of floor feeding sows the same daily weight of isoenergetic conventional (C) or high fibre (H containing 600 g of unmolassed sugar beet pulp/kg diet) pregnancy...
Noise in dog kennelling: is barking a welfare problem for dogs?
Contributor(s):: Sales, G., Hubrecht, R., Peyvandi, A., Milligan, S., Shield, B.
Noise levels (sound pressure levels, SPLs) were monitored over 24 and 48 h in a number of different types of kennels including shelters, training establishments and research laboratories. Two measures of SPL were used, Lpeak and Leq, over both low (1 Hz-20 kHz) and high (12.5-70 kHz) frequency...
Oestrus and mating behaviour in gilts during boar induced puberty in relation to stress and housing
Contributor(s):: Pedersen, L. J., Jensen, K. H., Giersing Linder, A.
The effect of intermittent electroshock and individual vs. pair housing on sexual proceptive behaviour was studied in 48 large White x Danish Landrace gilts. In addition, the effect of intermittent electroshock on the behavioural response to boar stimulation and on sexual receptivity during first...
A note on the effect of isolation during testing and length of previous confinement on locomotor behaviour during open-field test in dairy calves
Contributor(s):: Jensen, M. B.
This study investigated firstly if confined calves perform more locomotor behaviour when open-field tested in pairs than when tested individually, and secondly if length of confinement affects the build-up of motivation to perform locomotor behaviour. In the first experiment, 14 calves were...
Effects of mixed-species stocking and space allowance on the behaviour and growth of red deer hinds and ewes at pasture
Contributor(s):: Blanc, F., Theriez, M., Brelurut, A.
A study was conducted to test whether the effects of space allowance on social interactions, activity patterns and growth rates of hinds reared at pasture in single-species groups, were modified by mixing them with ewes. 30 red deer hinds (10 months old) from the same breeding group and 30 ewes...
Housing conditions and behavioural problems of indoor cats as assessed by their owners
Contributor(s):: Heidenberger, E.
Housing conditions and behavioural problems of a sample of 1177 cats were described by their 550 owners. Indications for inadequate housing in the light of species-specific needs were analysed. 65.1% of the cats were Domestic European Shorthairs and 78.7% were castrated animals. 87% of the...
Oral/nasal/facial and other behaviors of sows kept individually outdoors on pasture, soil or indoors in gestation crates
Contributor(s):: Dailey, J. W., McGlone, J. J.
PIC Camborough-15 sows were housed either on pasture (n=8), on soil (n=8) or in gestation crates (n=16). All were fed 2.0 kg of fortified sorghum-soybean diet each day in pellet form, except half of the crated sows which were fed meal. The occurrences of standing, lying, sitting, feeding,...
Pregnant gilt behavior in outdoor and indoor intensive pork production systems
The behaviour of three genotypes of gilts, PIC Camborough-15 (C-15), PIC Camborough-Blue (CB), and YorkxLandrace (YL), were compared in an English-style extensive outdoor production system and an intensive indoor system. Mutually exclusive behaviours were defined and recorded and included...
The behavioural and physiological responses of farmed red deer ( Cervus elaphus ) penned adjacent to other species
Contributor(s):: Abeyesinghe, S. M., Goddard, P. J., Cockram, M. S.
This experiment describes the implications of red deer being kept in pens in close proximity to other species as may occur during abattoir lairage. 20 groups of 5 male yearling red deer were used to study behavioural and physiological responses over a 2-h period to 1 of 5 treatments: red deer...