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  1. Badger-human conflict: an overlooked historical context for bovine TB debates in the UK

    Full-text: Available

    | Contributor(s):: Angela Cassidy

    In Britain, the question of whether to cull wild badgers (Meles meles) in order to control the spread of bovine tuberculosis (bTB) in domestic cattle herds has been the source of scientific, public and policy controversy for over 40 years and still shows no sign of resolution. This chapter...

  2. Role of environmental education in addressing Human-Animal conflict in Zambia's game management area

    | Contributor(s):: Chimbwe Nyambe

    Human-animal conflict, particularly human-carnivore conflict, is a growing problem in today’s crowded world, and can have significant impacts on both human and wildlife populations. Despite the application of different management practices, both locally and globally, the problem still...

  3. Human-Wildlife conflicts in Mwanachingwala conservation area(MCA) Kafue Flats of Zambia

    | Contributor(s):: Mutandalike Choonga S

    The study of the human-wildUfe conflicts in MCA Kafue flats was done in the month of August. The study used a structured questionnaire, focus group discussions and individual intennews unth randomly chosen individuals. Descriptive SPSS software was used to analyze the data at two levels: the...

  4. Husbandry practices and mitigation of human-carnivore conflicts : a case of the Maasai Steppe, Tanzania.

    | Contributor(s):: Ifura Godfrey Ukio

    Biodiversity losses are often influenced by humans due to increased demand over natural resources and retaliatory killing of wildlife as a result of human–wildlife conflicts. Large carnivores are in decline globally due to the current human–carnivore conflicts. This study was...

  5. The Evolution of Animals through Domestication and other Human Relationships: An Animal-Centered Approach

    | Contributor(s):: Steven Michael Ammerman

    As a component of the environment themselves, humans maintain a mutualistic modifying process with that environment. The interaction between humans and animals has led to different categories of relationships—commensal animals, tame animals, domesticated animals, and feral animals. In the...

  6. "It's a conspiracy theory and climate change": Of beastly encounters and cervine disappearances in Himalayan India

    | Contributor(s):: Nayanika Mathur

    This paper traces the introduction of the category of climate change into the Indian Himalaya. Climate change emerged as an explanation for recurring incidences of human-animal conflict and the disappearance of a protected species through the labours of the local state bureaucracy. Even as the...

  7. Behavior of Scandinavian brown bears when encountered by dogs and humans

    | Contributor(s):: Stine Emilie Noding Hansen

    The Scandinavian brown bear population was persecuted in the last half of the 1800s and almost went extinct. They got protected in Sweden in 1927 and in Norway in 1973, and have since reached a level that can be hunted. The bears choose areas with as little human activity as possible, but...

  8. The effects of wildlife-livestock-human interactions on habitat in the Meru Conservation Area, Kenya

    | Contributor(s):: J. Otuoma

  9. Science, policy, and the public discourse of shark "attacks": a proposal for reclassifying human-shark interactions.

    | Contributor(s):: Christopher Neff, Robert E. Hueter

    There are few phrases in the Western world that evoke as much emotion or as powerful an image as the words “shark” and “attack.” However, not all “shark attacks” are created equal. Under current labels, listings of shark attack may even include instances where...

  10. Depredatory impact of free-roaming dogs (Canis lupus familiaris) on Mediterranean deer in southern Spain: implications for the human-wolf conflict.

    | Contributor(s):: J. Duarte, F.J. Garcia, JE Fa

    Feral dogs (Canis lupus familiaris) are efficient wild ungulate hunters in many parts of the world. This has not been confirmed in Mediterranean ecosystems. However, if feral dogs can predate upon wild Mediterranean ungulates, they can also do so upon livestock. Therefore, to more realistically...

  11. Contradiction and Complacency Shape Attitudes towards the Toll of Roads on Wildlife

    | Contributor(s):: Daniel Ramp, Vanessa K. Wilson, David B. Croft

    Most people in the world now live in cities. Urbanisation simultaneously isolates people from nature and contributes to biodiversity decline. As cities expand, suburban development and the road infrastructure to support them widens their impact on wildlife. Even so, urban communities, especially...

  12. "Vicious, Aggressive Bird Stalks Cyclist": The Australian Magpie (Cracticus tibicen) in the News

    | Contributor(s):: Kitty van Vuuren, Scott O' Keefe, Darryl N. Jones

    The Australian Magpie ( Cracticus tibicen ) is a common bird found in urban Australian environments where its nest defense behavior during spring brings it into conflict with humans. This article explores the role of print media in covering this conflict. Leximancer software was used to analyze...

  13. The Human and Animal Bond in The Red Pony

    | Contributor(s):: Chaker Mohamed Ben Ali

    John Steinbeck perceives the natural world in The Red Pony as uncaring and unforgiving and predatory since it is full of predators which are in a constant conflict against one another. Such a conflict occurs either between animals and animals or between humans and animals or between humans and...

  14. Survey of Attitudes Toward, Conflicts With and Management Of Wolves and Bears in Rural Villages in Armenia

    | Contributor(s):: Serda Ozbenian

    Many studies aimed at assessing human attitudes towards and negative interactions  (conflicts) with carnivores, such as wolves (Canis lupus) and bears (Ursus arctos), have  been conducted throughout the world. Although villagers in Armenia have reported  conflicts with these...

  15. Conflict between human and animal the case of endangered species

    | Contributor(s):: Yuvraj Dilip Patil

    Conflict between humans and animals are major problem in many parts of India. The damage and destruction caused by a variety of animals to human property and sometimes to human life is a real and significant danger to many human communities. With the animals often killed, captured or otherwise...

  16. Comparison of Intervention Programs Designed to Reduce Human-Bear Conflict: A Review of the Literature

    | Contributor(s):: Meredith L. Gore

    Black bear populations are increasing throughout North America (McCracken 1995, Peine 2001). Typically, when areas of black bear population expansion overlap regions of substantial human use (e.g., a suburban neighborhood or tourist destination), conflict can ensue. Human-bear conflict is an...

  17. Stakeholder insights into the human-coyote interface in Westchester County, New York

    | Contributor(s):: Heather W. Hudenko, Daniel J. Decker, William F. Siemer

    In recent decades, a number of factors have contributed to an increased potential for conflict between people and coyotes (Canis latrans). Problematic interactions between people and coyotes have occurred in many highly developed areas across the United States. Over the last few years in New York...

  18. Detusking Fence-Breaker Elephants as an Approach in Human-Elephant Conflict Mitigation

    | Contributor(s):: Matthew Mutinda, Geoffrey Chenge, Francis Gakuya, Moses Otiende, Patrick Omondi, Samuel Kasiki, Ramon C. Soriguer, Samer Alasaad

    BackgroundHuman-elephant conflict (HEC) is a recurring problem that appears wherever the range of elephants and humans overlap. Different methods including the use of electric fences are used worldwide to mitigate this conflict. Nonetheless, elephants learn quickly that their tusks do not conduct...

  19. Insights into wolf presence in human-dominated landscapes: The relative role of food availability, humans and landscape attributes

    | Contributor(s):: Luis Llaneza, Jose V. Lopez-Bao, Victor Sazatornil

    Aim Understanding which human or environmental factors interact to enable or to limit the occurrence and persistence of large carnivores in human-dominated landscapes is an important issue for their effective conservation, especially under the current scenario of global change where most of their...

  20. Big Cats in Our Backyards: Persistence of Large Carnivores in a Human Dominated Landscape in India

    | Contributor(s):: Vidya Athreya, Morten Odden, John D.C. Linnell, Jagdish Krishnaswamy, Ullas Karanth

    Protected areas are extremely important for the long term viability of biodiversity in a densely populated country like India where land is a scarce resource. However, protected areas cover only 5% of the land area in India and in the case of large carnivores that range widely, human use...