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  1. Boat preference and stress behaviour of Hector's dolphin in response to tour boat interactions

    Contributor(s):: Georgia-Rose Travis

    Dolphins are increasingly coming into contact with humans, particularly where tourism is involved. It has been assumed that such contact causes chronic stress on dolphin populations. This study examined relatively naive populations of Hector's dolphins and their interaction with various...

  2. Beasts on Fields. Human-Wildlife Conflicts in Nature-Culture Borderlands

    Contributor(s):: Tino Johansson

    Human-wildlife conflicts are today an integral part of the rural development discourse. In this research, the main focus is on the spatial explanation which is not a very common approach in the reviewed literature. My research hypothesis is based on the assumption that human-wildlife conflicts...

  3. The Evolution of Animals through Domestication and other Human Relationships: An Animal-Centered Approach

    Contributor(s):: Steven Michael Ammerman

    As a component of the environment themselves, humans maintain a mutualistic modifying process with that environment. The interaction between humans and animals has led to different categories of relationships—commensal animals, tame animals, domesticated animals, and feral animals. In the...

  4. Will Animal Assisted Therapy Result in Shorter Length of Stay for Hospitalized Patients and Improve Basic Needs Status and Physical Outcomes Such as Blood Pressure, Heart Rate, and Pain?

    Contributor(s):: Mary Lynn Zaremba

    Animal Assisted Therapy (AAT) has been thought to have a therapeutic effect upon humans, especially those individuals who are confined due to age or illness. Human-animal contact encourages socialization for the lonely; it promotes movement in the relatively immobile, and may serve as a memory...

  5. Compliance with Hygiene Recommendations for Human-animal Contact at Petting Zoos

    Contributor(s):: Kathleen E. Werden, Paul C. Bartlett

    Background: Most children at petting zoos are at least somewhat naïve with respect to animal contact, which is probably why they are being taken to a petting zoo. Unfortunately, their immune systems may be equally naïve, thereby putting these children at high risk of contracting one of...

  6. The Human and Animal Bond in The Red Pony

    Contributor(s):: Chaker Mohamed Ben Ali

    John Steinbeck perceives the natural world in The Red Pony as uncaring and unforgiving and predatory since it is full of predators which are in a constant conflict against one another. Such a conflict occurs either between animals and animals or between humans and animals or between humans and...

  7. Observation of public health risk behaviors, risk communication and hand hygiene at Kansas and Missouri petting zoos – 2010-2011

    Contributor(s):: Gonzalo Erdozain, Katherine KuKanich, Benjamin Chapman, Douglas A. Powell

    Outbreaks of human illness have been linked to visiting settings with animal contact throughout developed countries. This paper details an observational study of hand hygiene tool availability and recommendations; frequency of risky behavior; and, handwashing attempts by visitors in Kansas (9)...

  8. First reported case of fatal tuberculosis in a wild African elephant with past human-wildlife contact

    Contributor(s):: Vincent Obanda, J. Poghon, M. Yongo, I. Mulei, M. Ngotho, K. Waititu, J. Makumi, F. Gakuya, P. Omondi, R.C. Soriguer, S. Alasaad

    Tuberculosis is emerging/re-emerging in captive elephant populations, where it causes morbidity and deaths, although no case of TB in wild African elephants has been reported. In this paper we report the first case of fatal TB in an African elephant in the wild. The infection with Mycobacterium...

  9. Pets as a Source of Zoonotic Disease: An Investigation into Knowledge, Attitudes and Practices Related to Pet Contact and associated Zoonoses in Low and High Disease-risk Households

    Contributor(s):: Jason Stull

    The mental and physical benefits of pet ownership are well established; however, pets can also transmit pathogens to people, with children, elderly, pregnant and immunocompromised individuals at greatest risk of disease. Little is known about the public’s knowledge and practices related to...

  10. Zoonoses report UK 2013

    This annual report on zoonoses in the United Kingdom (UK) includes a summary of reported cases of zoonotic infection in humans and animals during 2013.The data has been compiled from statutory notifiable or reportable disease reports, national scanning surveillance systems, control programmes,...

  11. NIPAH/HENDRA: Understanding the Links Between Human and Veterinary Emerging Diseases

    Contributor(s):: Jules Minke

    Animals constitute an important source of infectious diseases for humans and the majority of recent emerging diseases in humans are zoonotic. Infections occur through direct or indirect transmission from wildlife reservoirs or via the food chain. Nipah and Hendra viruses have recently joined the...

  12. Linking Human Health and Livestock Health: A "One-Health" Platform for Integrated Analysis of Human Health, Livestock Health, and Economic Welfare in Livestock Dependent Communities

    Full-text: Available

    Contributor(s):: S.m. Thumbi, M. Kariuki Njenga, Thomas L. Marsh, Susan Noh, Elkanah Otiang, Peninah Munyua, Linus Ochieng, Eric Ogola, Jonathan Yoder, Allan Audi, Joel M. Montgomery, Godfrey Bigogo, Robert F. Breiman, Guy H. Palmer, Terry F. McElwain

    For most rural households in sub-Saharan Africa, healthy livestock play a key role in averting the burden associated with zoonotic diseases, and in meeting household nutritional and socio-economic needs. However, there is limited understanding of the complex nutritional, socio-economic, and...

  13. Animal-assisted therapy with farm animals for persons with psychiatric disorders.

    Contributor(s):: B. Berget, B.O. Braastad

    Animal-assisted therapy (AAT) with farm animals for humans with psychiatric disorders may reduce depression and state anxiety, and increase self-efficacy, in many participants. Social support by the farmer appears to be important. Positive effects are best documented for persons with affective...

  14. The needs of emerging commercial farmers in Namibia in relation to human-carnivore conflict

    Contributor(s):: Bonnie Schumann

    Carnivore species globally are on the decline and population extinctions continue despite intensive conservation efforts. In Namibia, although 13.6 % of the country falls under the protection of national parks or game reserves, most of these protected areas are situated along the coastline and...

  15. H7N9 ia a virus worth worrying about

    | Contributor(s):: P. Horby, A.J. Tatem, Z. Huang, M. Gilbert, T.P. Robinson, G.R.W. Wint, F.G. Hayden, N. van Vinh Chau, N. Shindo, G. Carson, Z. Gao, Y. Hongjie, S.I. Hay, J. Farrar

    Once again an animal influenza A virus has crossed the species barrier to cause an appreciable number of human cases. Now, two months after the first known human infections with the H7N9 virus, the question is: which of the paths set by previous emerging influenza viruses will it follow? One...

  16. Bioética, un reclamo coherente para el bienestar animal

    | Contributor(s):: Liumar Pérez García, Eduardo Ribot Guzmán, Joa Rodríguez, Yenise Rafael, Romero Hernández

    Independientemente del trabajo de educación ambiental que se realiza en el país,en los últimos tiempos, en una parte de los sectores más jóvenes de la población, seha despertado el interés por las peleas de perros y de gallos, entre otras prácticasque afectan el bienestar animal. ¿Cómo proceder...

  17. Attacks by Packs of Dogs Involving Predation on Human Beings

    | Contributor(s):: Peter L. Borchelt, Randall Lockwood, Alan M. Beck, Victoria L. Voith

    Dog bites are a medical problem for millions of people, children being the most common victims.Human deaths attributable to dog bite injury (not rabies) are relatively infrequent. There have beensome epidemiologic reviews, but this study is the first attempt to arrive at an understanding of...

  18. Medical costs and other aspects of dog bites in Baltimore

    | Contributor(s):: David R. Berzon, John B. DeHoff

    INJURIES CAUSED BY DOG BITES havegrown to epidemic proportions in recent yearsand are now of major public health significance.Animal bites may lead to dangerous viral andbacterial infections, such as rabies, pasteurellosis,and tetanus, and the injuries may result in permanentscars, severe...

  19. Animal Assisted Therapy and Activities in Alzheimer's Disease

    | Contributor(s):: Sibel Cevizci, Halil Murat Sen, Fahri Gunes, Elif Karaahment

    This book section discusses animal assisted therapy and its effect on chronic diseases like Alzheimer's Disease.

  20. INTERAÇÃO HUMANO-ANIMAL

    | Contributor(s):: C.B. Faraco

    ABSTRACT - In this presentation, some aspects of the human-animalrelationship and its articulation with Veterinary have been discussed. It is anattempt to encourage the dialogue between this science and the new areaknown as Anthrozoology, since they are intrinsically connected by commonthemes and...