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Tags: Human-animal interactions

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  1. CONTEMPORARY MAYAN GROUPS' CONCEPTS ABOUT ANIMALS

    Contributor(s):: Fernando Guerrero Martinez

    The concepts Mayan groups have regarding fauna involve knowledge and practices that result from sharp observation of their surroundings. This paper articulates important aspects of human-animal interaction in order to demonstrate the complexity underlying the notion of what animals mean in the...

  2. Influência de um ordenhador aversivo sobre a produção leiteira de vacas da raça Holandesa

    Contributor(s):: Maria Jose Hotzel, Luiz Carlos Pinheiro Machado Filho, Maria Christina Yunes, Marcela Cristina A. C. da Silveira

    In the present study the hypothesis that fear of humans is long-lasting and may influence milk production in Holstein cows was tested. One person (the aversive handler) carried out two daily sessions of an aversive treatment during 21 days, where each cow received two slaps on the rump and a...

  3. Nasally-Administered Oxytocin Has Limited Effects on Owner-Directed Attachment Behavior in Pet Dogs (Canis lupus familiaris)

    Contributor(s):: Lauren E. Thielke, giovanna renata rosenlicht, Sarina R Saturn, Monique A. R. Udell

    The present study explored the effects of intranasal oxytocin, a naturally occurring hormone, on the behavior of pet dogs during an attachment test. Each dog participated in two testing sessions. On one visit saline was administered nasally, and on another, oxytocin was administered nasally. For...

  4. Well-being and Human-Animal Interactions in Schools: The Case of "Dog Daycare Co-Op"

    Full-text: Available

    | Contributor(s):: Laura Elizabeth Pinto, Donna Foulkes

    This paper draws on Martha Nussbaum’s account of the nature of human well-being to explore the role of animals in formal education settings. Nussbaum equates well-being with human flourishing, and argues that people live well when engaged in essential functions that are particular...

  5. Ethnobiology in One Health

    Full-text: Available

    | Contributor(s):: Marsha B Quinlan, Robert J Quinlan

    The new One Health concept is, essentially, the ethnobiology of health, addressing the interrelation of human, animal and environmental health. Incited by 2003 outbreaks of animal-borne SARS and avian influenza, One Health’s multidisciplinary perspective complements growing international...

  6. The impact of atypical early histories on pet or performer chimpanzees

    Full-text: Available

    | Contributor(s):: Hani D. Freeman, Stephen R. Ross

      It is widely accepted that an animal’s early history, including but not limited to its rearing history, can have a profound impact on later behavior. In the case of captive animals, many studies have used categorical measures such as mother reared or human reared that do not...

  7. The Biocultural Landscape of Zoonotic Disease: Examining Human-Animal Vulnerability to Anthrax on the Colombian-Venezuelan Border

    Full-text: Available

    | Contributor(s):: Jennifer A. Ida

    The focus of this thesis is to provide a holistic understanding of the political, cultural, environmental, and biological factors that may be contributing to increased vulnerability to anthrax in Wayuu and non-Wayuu human and livestock communities in La Guajira, Colombia. Qualitative data...

  8. The influence of dog ownership on objective measures of free-living physical activity and sedentary behaviour in community-dwelling older adults: a longitudinal case-controlled study

    Full-text: Available

    | Contributor(s):: Philippa Margaret Dall, Sarah Lesley Helen Ellis, Brian Martin Ellis, P Margaret Grant, Alison Colyer, Nancy Renee Gee, Malcolm Howard Granat, Daniel Simon Mills

    Background There is some evidence to suggest that dog ownership may improve physical activity (PA) among older adults, but to date, studies examining this, have either depended on self-report or incomplete datasets due to the type of activity monitor used to record physical activity....

  9. The Effects of Pet Visitation and Human Interaction on the Happiness of Retirement Home Residents

    Full-text: Available

    | Contributor(s):: Candace Jean Donaghy, Richard Tucker (adviser)

  10. Pets, Purity and Pollution: Why Conventional Models of Disease Transmission Do Not Work for Pet Rat Owners

    Full-text: Available

    | Contributor(s):: Charlotte Robin, Elizabeth Perkins, Francine Watkins, Robert Christley

    In the United Kingdom, following the emergence of Seoul hantavirus in pet rat owners in 2012, public health authorities tried to communicate the risk of this zoonotic disease, but had limited success. To explore this lack of engagement with health advice, we conducted in-depth, semi-structured...

  11. I Walk My Dog Because It Makes Me Happy: A Qualitative Study to Understand Why Dogs Motivate Walking and Improved Health

    Full-text: Available

    | Contributor(s):: Carri Westgarth, Robert M. Christley, Garry Marvin, Elizabeth Perkins

    Dog walking is a popular everyday physical activity. Dog owners are generally more active than non-owners, but some rarely walk with their dog. The strength of the dog–owner relationship is known to be correlated with dog walking, and this qualitative study investigates why. Twenty-six...

  12. Judgement bias in goats (Capra hircus): investigating the effects of human grooming

    Full-text: Available

    | Contributor(s):: Luigi Baciadonna, Christian Nawroth, Alan G. McElligott

      Animal emotional states can be investigated by evaluating their impact on cognitive processes. In this study, we used a judgement bias paradigm to determine if short-term positive human-animal interaction (grooming) induced a positive affective state in goats. We tested two groups of...

  13. The effect of human interaction on guinea pig behavior in animal-assisted therapy

    Full-text: Available

    | Contributor(s):: Winnie Gut, Lisa Crump, Jakob Zinsstag, Jan Hattendorf, Karin Hediger

    Guinea pigs are included in various animal-assisted interventions (AAIs), but no research has been published to date on behavioral changes in guinea pigs interacting with humans. The goal of this study was to evaluate the behavior in guinea pigs during animal-assisted therapy (AAT) and to...

  14. Human-directed behaviour in goats is not affected by short-term positive handling

    Full-text: Available

    | Contributor(s):: Jan Langbein, Annika Krause, Christian Nawroth

    In addition to domestication, interactions with humans or task-specific training during ontogeny have been proposed to play a key role in explaining differences in human–animal communication across species. In livestock, even short-term positive interactions with caretakers or other...

  15. Can you spare 15 min? The measurable positive impact of a 15-min petting session on shelter dog well-being

    Full-text: Available

    | Contributor(s):: Ragen T. S. McGowan, Cynthia Bolte, Hallie R. Barnett, Gerardo Perez-Camargo, François Martin

    It is well established that human interaction has positive effects on shelter dogs. This work set out to answer the question: “Does one 15-min petting session make a difference for shelter dogs?” Fifty-five dogs were subject to one 15-min petting session with one of five unfamiliar...

  16. Assessment of Recent Cases of Animal Hoarding in Germany: The Challenge for Animal Shelters and Public Authorities

    Full-text: Available

    | Contributor(s):: Sophie Arnold, Henriette Mackensen, Evelyn Ofensberger, Brigitte Rusche

    Animal hoarding is a severe problem in the field of human-animal interaction. The goal of this study was to assess the current situation of animal hoarding in Germany. Reports of animal hoarding cases were collected from animal shelters and public media between January 2012 and December 2015;...

  17. Human-animal interaction as a social determinant of health: descriptive findings from the health and retirement study

    Full-text: Available

    | Contributor(s):: Megan Kiely Mueller, Nancy Dreschel, Regina M. Bures

    Background We focused on human-animal interaction (HAI) as an important aspect of social functioning at the individual level, framing this emerging field from a public health perspective. Methods Using data from the Health and Retirement Study (HRS) 2012 HAI module, we describe the...

  18. Pinnipeds and PTSD: An Analysis of a Human-Animal Interaction Case Study Program for a Veteran

    Full-text: Available

    | Contributor(s):: Rachel A. Wortman, Theresa Vallone, Michele Karnes, Christine Walawander, Dion Daly, Bonnie Fox-Garrity

    The objective of this study was to examine the impact of a pinniped (grey and harbor seals) facilitated human-animal interaction pilot program on the self-reported PTSD-like symptoms of a veteran. This study analyzed preexisting, deidentified data that represented the participant’s scores...

  19. The Truth about Humans: The Decision to Adopt Dogs & Cats

    Full-text: Available

    | Contributor(s):: Leann Stadtlander

    Millions of dogs and cats are adopted from animal shelters every year, however, little is known about why specific animals are adopted. This study examines the qualitative comments given by adopters of cats and dogs for selecting specific animals. Differences between the species and insights...

  20. Dharma Dogs: A Narrative Approach to Understanding the Connection of Sentience Between Humans and Canines

    Full-text: Available

    | Contributor(s):: Anna Caldwell

    India has the highest population of stray dogs in the world1. Dharamsala, a cross-cultural community in the north Indian Himalayan foothills, is home to a number of particularly overweight and happy canines. However, the street dogs of Dharamsala are not an accurate representation of the state...