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Guidelines for Inspection of Companion and Commercial Animal Establishments
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| Contributor(s):: Clifford Warwick, Mike Jessop, Phillip Arena, Anthony Pilny, Catrina Steedman
Various establishments exist in which animals are held for a variety of reasons. Historically, the management and inspection of animals in commerce and in private keeping have involved a considerable degree of arbitrary evaluation based on the personal experience of the vendor, keeper, advisor,...
Using the Five Domains Model to Assess the Adverse Impacts of Husbandry, Veterinary, and Equitation Interventions on Horse Welfare
| Contributor(s):: Paul McGreevy, Jeannine Berger, Nic de Brauwere, Orla Doherty, Anna Harrison, Julie Fielder, Claudia Jones, Sue McDonnell, Andrew McLean, Lindsay Nakonechny, Christine Nicol, Liane Preshaw, Peter Thomson, Vicky Tzioumis, John Webster, Sarah Wolfensohn, James Yeates, Bidda Jones
The aim of this study was to conduct a series of paper-based exercises in order to assess the negative (adverse) welfare impacts, if any, of common interventions on domestic horses across a broad range of different contexts of equine care and training. An international panel (with professional...
Objective Measures for the Assessment of Post-Operative Pain in Bos indicus Bull Calves Following Castration
| Contributor(s):: Gabrielle C. Musk, Stine Jacobsen, Timothy H. Hyndman, Heidi S. Lehmann, S. Jonathon Tuke, Teresa Collins, Karina B. Gleerup, Craig B. Johnson, Michael Laurence
Surgical castration of cattle is a common husbandry procedure, and although this procedure is known to cause pain in cattle and other species, in some countries it is often performed without anaesthesia or analgesia. Society is increasingly aware of this animal welfare issue and it is creating...
In Search of the Urban Cowboy: The Need to Incorporate Animal Husbandry into the United States Higher Education Curriculum and Its Implications for Production Animal Welfare
| Contributor(s):: Courtney Lynd Daigle
There is a need to (1) highlight the importance of incorporating animal husbandry into higher education curriculum and (2) emphasize that professionally training production animal handlers will have positive impact on production animal welfare. Spending more time interacting with agricultural...
Husbandry practices and mitigation of human-carnivore conflicts : a case of the Maasai Steppe, Tanzania.
| Contributor(s):: Ifura Godfrey Ukio
Biodiversity losses are often influenced by humans due to increased demand over natural resources and retaliatory killing of wildlife as a result of human–wildlife conflicts. Large carnivores are in decline globally due to the current human–carnivore conflicts. This study was...
Social contact in horses: implications for human-horse interactions
| Contributor(s):: M.C. VanDierendonck, D. Goodwin
The ancestors of the domestic horse were important prey species for many predators, including humans. Equids possess few physical defence mechanisms, relying on survival strategies centred on the formation of cohesive social bonds within stable groups. Mutual grooming is common between these...
Sep 07 2016
Association of Zoos and Aquariums (AZA) 2016 Annual Conference
Impact of structural and cognitive enrichment on the learning performance, behavior and physiology of dwarf goats ( Capra aegagrus hircus)
| Contributor(s):: Oesterwind, S., Nurnberg, G., Puppe, B., Langbein, J.
Intensive husbandry usually offers only limited opportunities for animals to perform their characteristic species-specific behavior and can lead to boredom, stress or frustration. The positive impact of structural forms of environmental enrichment on animal welfare is well investigated because it...
Jun 22 2016
4th OIE Global Conference on Veterinary Education
Preference of white-tailed deer for corn hybrids and agricultural husbandry practices during the growing season
| Contributor(s):: Delger, J. A., Monteith, K. L., Schmitz, L. E., Jenks, J. A.
Apr 03 2016
Animal Transportation Association 42nd Annual Conference
Mar 11 2016
Wisconsin Dairy & Beef Well-Being Conference
The ticking clock: addressing farm animal welfare in emerging countries
| Contributor(s):: Keyserlingk, M. A. G. von, Hotzel, M. J.
Over the last decade many emerging economies, and in particular Brazil, have established themselves as major players in global food animal production. Within these countries much of the increase in food animal production has been achieved by the adoption of intensive housing systems similar to...
Man-Animal Interaction Complex in Coat Herding of the Pastoral Turkana
| Contributor(s):: Itaru Otha
The development mechanism of mutual interaction between man and domestic animals is examined in the goat herding of the Turkana, nomadic pastoralists living in northwestern Kenya. Behavior and inter-individuals relationships among the goats are studied. Comparison with non-managed, feral and wild...
Managing Livestock Using Animal Behavior: Mixed Species Stocking and Flerds
| Contributor(s):: Ed L. Frederickson
Mixed-species stocking can foster sound landscape management while offering economic and ecological advantages compared with mono-species stocking. Producers contemplating a mixed-species enterprise should reflect on several considerations before implementing this animal management strategy....
A case study employing operant conditioning to reduce stress of capture for red-bellied tamarins ( Saguinus labiatus )
| Contributor(s):: Owen, Y., Amory, J. R.
Traditional techniques used to capture New World monkeys, such as net capture, can induce high levels of acute stress detrimental to welfare. Alternatively, training nonhuman animals via operant conditioning to voluntarily participate in husbandry and/or veterinary practices is accepted as a...
Measuring motivation in swine: the food-metric scale
| Contributor(s):: Patterson-Kane, E. G., Kirkden, R. D., Pajor, E. A.
Understanding how nonhuman animals such as swine respond to their environment and understanding how to provide them with a good quality of life involves using a range of experimental approaches. More and more, ethological researchers are turning to operant methods to answer some of these...
Systematic investigation of the stability of food preferences in captive orangutans: implications for positive reinforcement training
| Contributor(s):: Clay, A. W., Bloomsmith, M. A., Marr, M. J., Maple, T. L.
Using preference-assessment tests with humans in conjunction with behavioral modification sessions has been a regular component of almost all operant conditioning programs with mentally challenged humans. This has been very effective in improving the efficiency of behavioral training in these...
The effects of husbandry training on stereotypic pacing in captive African wild dogs ( Lycaon pictus )
| Contributor(s):: Shyne, A., Block, M.
To examine the effects of operant conditioning on stereotypic pacing in 3 female African wild dogs located at the Franklin Park Zoo in Boston, this study made recordings of pacing behavior immediately following individual sessions of husbandry training and 2 no-training conditions. The study...
Thinking outside our cages
| Contributor(s):: Patterson-Kane, E.
Researchers seem to be stuck reiterating the now-familiar argument that barren boxes are bad for welfare and that rodents are due ethical consideration. But the prerequisites for real progress are new kinds of arguments, new types of data, and removal of very real practical and cultural obstacles...