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All Categories (1-20 of 359)

  1. Positive and negative gestational handling influences placental traits and mother-offspring behavior in dairy goats

    Contributor(s):: Baxter, E. M., Mulligan, J., Hall, S. A., Donbavand, J. E., Palme, R., Aldujaili, E., Zanella, A. J., Dwyer, C. M.

    Dairy animals are subjected to a number of potential stressors throughout their lives, including daily interactions with humans. The quality of these interactions may have direct consequences for the animal undergoing the experience, but if such events occur during gestation it may also affect...

  2. Reduced heart rate variability in pet dogs affected by anxiety-related behaviour problems

    Contributor(s):: Wormald, D., Lawrence, A. J., Carter, G., Fisher, A. D.

  3. Positive and negative gestational handling influences placental traits and mother-offspring behavior in dairy goats

    Contributor(s):: Baxter, E. M., Mulligan, J., Hall, S. A., Donbavand, J. E., Palme, R., Aldujaili, E., Zanella, A. J., Dwyer, C. M.

    Dairy animals are subjected to a number of potential stressors throughout their lives, including daily interactions with humans. The quality of these interactions may have direct consequences for the animal undergoing the experience, but if such events occur during gestation it may also affect...

  4. Social factors influencing cortisol modulation in dogs during a strange situation procedure

    Contributor(s):: Schöberl, Iris, Beetz, Andrea, Solomon, Judith, Wedl, Manuela, Gee, Nancy, Kotrschal, Kurt

  5. Positive reinforcement training for blood collection in grizzly bears ( Ursus arctos horribilis) results in undetectable elevations in serum cortisol levels: a preliminary investigation

    Contributor(s):: Joyce-Zuniga, N. M., Newberry, R. C., Robbins, C. T., Ware, J. V., Jansen, H. T., Nelson, O. L.

    Training nonhuman animals in captivity for participation in routine husbandry procedures is believed to produce a lower stress environment compared with undergoing a general anesthetic event for the same procedure. This hypothesis rests largely on anecdotal evidence that the captive subjects...

  6. Tailored enrichment strategies and stereotypic behavior in captive individually housed macaques ( Macaca spp.)

    Contributor(s):: Cannon, T. H., Heistermann, M., Hankison, S. J., Hockings, K. J., McLennan, M. R.

    The welfare of nonhuman animals in captivity is widely dependent on the natural psychological, physical, and behavioral needs of the animals and how adequately these needs are met. Inability to engage in natural behaviors can lead to chronic stress and expression of stereotypic behavior. The...

  7. Does environmental enrichment promote recovery from stress in rainbow trout?

    Contributor(s):: Pounder, K. C., Mitchell, J. L., Thomson, J. S., Pottinger, T. G., Buckley, J., Sneddon, L. U.

    The EU Directive on animal experimentation suggests that all protected animals should have enrichment to improve welfare yet relatively little research has been conducted on the impact of enrichment in fish. Studies employing enrichment in zebrafish have been contradictory and all fish species...

  8. Impact of structural and cognitive enrichment on the learning performance, behavior and physiology of dwarf goats ( Capra aegagrus hircus)

    Contributor(s):: Oesterwind, S., Nurnberg, G., Puppe, B., Langbein, J.

    Intensive husbandry usually offers only limited opportunities for animals to perform their characteristic species-specific behavior and can lead to boredom, stress or frustration. The positive impact of structural forms of environmental enrichment on animal welfare is well investigated because it...

  9. Environmentally enriching American mink ( Neovison vison) increases lymphoid organ weight and skeletal symmetry, and reveals differences between two sub-types of stereotypic behaviour

    Contributor(s):: Diez-Leon, M., Bursian, S., Galicia, D., Napolitano, A., Palme, R., Mason, G.

    Enrichment studies for wild carnivores (e.g., in zoos) are often short-term, use enrichments of unknown motivational significance, and focus on glucocorticoids and stereotypic behaviour (SB), ignoring other stress-relevant variables. Our study assessed the broad behavioural and physiological...

  10. Positive and negative gestational handling influences placental traits and mother-offspring behavior in dairy goats

    Contributor(s):: Baxter, E. M., Mulligan, J., Hall, S. A., Donbavand, J. E., Palme, R., Aldujaili, E., Zanella, A. J., Dwyer, C. M.

    Dairy animals are subjected to a number of potential stressors throughout their lives, including daily interactions with humans. The quality of these interactions may have direct consequences for the animal undergoing the experience, but if such events occur during gestation it may also affect...

  11. Dog Walking - The Health Benefits

  12. Effects of horseback riding exercise therapy on hormone levels in elderly persons

    Contributor(s):: Sung-Hyoun, Cho, Jin-Woo, Kim, Seon-Rye, Kim, Byung-Jun, Cho

  13. Effect of a stimulating environment during the socialization period on the performance of adult police working dogs

    Contributor(s):: Lopes, B., Alves, J., Santos, A., Pereira, G. da G.

    The aim of this study was to determine if using a stimulating enrichment park environment during the socialization period of police working dogs improved social skills. Our intent was to learn whether such exposure could maximize working dog performance in future situations as adults. Six...

  14. Behavioural, endocrine and cardiac autonomic responses to a model of startle in horses

    Contributor(s):: Villas-Boas, J. D., Dias, D. P. M., Trigo, P. I., Almeida, N. A. dos S., Almeida, F. Q. de, Medeiros, M. A. de

    Startle is a fast response elicited by sudden acoustic, tactile or visual stimuli in a variety of animal species and in humans. The magnitude of startle response can be modulated by external and internal variables and can be a useful tool to study the sensory-motor integration in animals....

  15. Comparison of stress exhibited by cats examined in a clinic versus a home setting

    Contributor(s):: Nibblett, B. M., Ketzis, J. K., Grigg, E. K.

    Serum cortisol levels, physiological parameters and behavior were used to assess stress experienced by cats examined using equivalent low stress handling techniques in two different environments: their home and an idealized veterinary clinic setting. Healthy cats ( n=18) were examined in a...

  16. Stocking density affects welfare indicators of growing pigs of different group sizes after regrouping

    Contributor(s):: Fu, LingLing, Li, HuiZhi, Liang, TingTing, Zhou, Bo, Chu, QingPo, Schinckel, A. P., Yang, XiaoJing, Zhao, RuQian, Li, PingHua, Huang, RuiHua

    In recent years, the concept of animal welfare began to be accepted by the Chinese people. On some intensive pig farms, the stocking density for growing pigs is too great, leading to decreased animal welfare. In order to study the relationships between stocking density and welfare indicators and...

  17. The relationship between individual behavioural styles, dominance rank and cortisol levels of cats living in urban social groups

    Contributor(s):: Finkler, H., Terkel, J.

    Individual animals show differences in temperament, often correlated with ecologically important behavioural patterns such as dominance, and with physiological responses to environmental perturbations, such as cortisol levels. Identifying these temperaments in animals may reveal adaptive patterns...

  18. Pinch-induced behavioural inhibition (clipthesia) as a restraint method for cats during veterinary examinations: preliminary results on cat susceptibility and welfare

    Contributor(s):: Nuti, V., Cantile, C., Gazzano, A., Sighieri, C., Mariti, C.

    Cats are often subjected to minimally painful or forced procedures during routine clinical practice, which can be poorly tolerated, leading veterinary surgeons to need to offer physical restraint, usually aided by an assistant. The aim of this study was to assess the effectiveness and ultimate...

  19. Animal-assisted therapy - magic or medicine?

    Contributor(s):: Odendaal, J. S.

  20. Welfare outcomes for 3- and 6-month-old beef calves in a tropical environment castrated surgically or by applying rubber rings

    Contributor(s):: Petherick, J. C., Small, A. H., Reid, D. J., Colditz, I. G., Ferguson, D. M.

    Castration of cattle using rubber rings is becoming increasingly popular due to the perceived ease of the procedure and greater operator safety when compared with surgical castration. Few comparative studies have investigated the effects of different castration methods and calf age on welfare...