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Assessment of welfare and productive performance in dairy cows organically reared in plains or hilly areas
Contributor(s):: Martelli, G., Valla, H., Bucci, D., Zaghini, G., Vignola, G., Sardi, L.
The aim of this study was to investigate several production parameters and the level of welfare of organic dairy cows kept in two different geographical and social contexts. The study group included 1,751 cows from 19 organic dairy farms, 11 of which were situated in hilly areas and 8 in plains...
Bridging consumer perception and on-farm assessment of animal welfare
Contributor(s):: Napolitano, F., Rosa, G. de, Caporale, G., Carlucci, A., Grasso, F., Monteleone, E.
The present study aims to assess the relationship between consumer perception and on-farm assessment of animal welfare performed using the Animal Needs Index 35L (ANI). Two tie-stall, 2 straw yard and 2 cubicle farms were scored by trained assessors using the ANI and filmed to produce six 3.5 min...
Does rubber flooring improve welfare and production in growing bulls in fully slatted floor pens?
Contributor(s):: Graunke, K. L., Telezhenko, E., Hessle, A., Bergsten, C., Loberg, J. M.
This study compared the effects of concrete slats (CS), synthetic rubber slats on aluminium profiles (RS) and slotted rubber mats on concrete slats (RM) in fully slatted floor pens on behaviour, claw and leg disorders, claw horn growth, cleanliness and production parameters of growing dairy bulls...
Effect of footrests on the incidence of ulcerative pododermatitis in domestic rabbit does
Contributor(s):: Rosell, J. M., Fuente, L. F. de la
Ulcerative pododermatitis or sore hocks is a common condition in adult rabbits housed in cages with wire-mesh floors. This study was carried out on a recently-opened commercial farm with 224 breeding cages (112 without footrests [NFR] and 112 with footrests [FR]) to assess the effect of footrests...
Husbandry and animal health on organic pig farms in Austria
Contributor(s):: Baumgartner, J., Leeb, T., Gruber, T., Tiefenbacher, R.
Expectations of retailers and consumers regarding animal health and welfare and meat quality are particularly high for organic products. The aim of this study was therefore to provide an overview of the health and welfare of pigs on organic farms in Austria. Eighty-four organic pig farms were...
Long-term consistency of selected animal-related welfare parameters in dairy farms
Contributor(s):: Winckler, C., Brinkmann, J., Glatz, J.
It was the purpose of this study to assess the consistency of selected animal-based welfare parameters for dairy cattle throughout a one-year period. Eight cubicle-housed dairy herds were visited five times, at two-monthly intervals. At each visit, lameness, injuries to the carpal and tarsal...
Public opinion on UK milk marketing and dairy cow welfare
Contributor(s):: Ellis, K. A., Billington, K., McNeil, B., McKeegan, D. E. F.
Interview questionnaires were administered to the general public in central Scotland and northern England during summer 2007 to investigate consumer awareness of UK dairy production methods, welfare issues and recognition of 'quality assurance' product logos. Fifty percent of respondents gave UK...
Review of wallowing in pigs: implications for animal welfare
Contributor(s):: Bracke, M., Spoolder, H.
Most modern production systems, especially in temperate climates, do not offer wallowing facilities to pigs and, to date, this has neither generated much concern in welfare science nor public debate on pig welfare. Nevertheless, wallowing is a natural behaviour of pigs which may be important to...
RICHPIG: a semantic model to assess enrichment materials for pigs
Contributor(s):: Bracke, M. B. M.
A computer-based model was constructed to assess enrichment materials (EMats) for intensively-farmed weaned, growing and fattening pigs on a scale from 0 to 10. This model, called RICHPIG, was constructed in order to support the further implementation of EC Directive 2001/93/EC, which states that...
Selection of parameters for on-farm welfare-assessment protocols in cattle and buffalo
Contributor(s):: Winckler, C., Capdeville, J., Gebresenbet, G., Horning, B., Roiha, U., Tosi, M., Waiblinger, S.
On-farm welfare-assessment protocols should be based on valid, reliable and feasible indicators that reflect the animal's state in the context of the housing and management system. This paper focuses on the selection of parameters for cattle and buffalo from welfare research, from assessment...
The welfare of finishing pigs under different housing and feeding systems: liquid versus dry feeding in fully-slatted and straw-based housing
Contributor(s):: Scott, K., Chennells, D. J., Armstrong, D., Taylor, L., Gill, B. P., Edwards, S. A.
This study assessed the health and welfare implications of feeding pigs a dry or liquid diet when housed in either fully-slatted or straw-based accommodation. Between April and October 2002, 1024 (Large White x Landrace) x Large White pigs, housed in pens of 32, were fed ad libitum from 34 kg to...
Towards a baseline assessment of organic pig welfare
Contributor(s):: Day, J. E. L., Kelly, H., Martins, A., Edwards, S. A.
Organic farming is based on the premise that animal welfare is safeguarded primarily through good management; only when this fails are veterinary medicines used to intervene. As this premise is frequently quoted in marketing strategies, there is a need to assess the efficacy of this approach to...
Using a national dairy database to identify herds with poor welfare
Contributor(s):: Sandgren, C. H., Lindberg, A., Keeling, L. J.
This research project was carried out by the Swedish Dairy Association as part of the development of a 'Scheme for Animal Welfare'. As a first step, on-farm, animal-based measurements on calves, young stock and cows in 55 randomly selected herds were performed. Nine animal-based measurements...
Welfare assessment on Japanese dairy farms using the Animal Needs Index
Contributor(s):: Seo, T., Date, K., Daigo, T., Kashiwamura, F., Sato, S.
The Animal Needs Index (ANI) is used for on-farm assessment of welfare in Austria. However, no synthetic welfare assessment system exists in Japan. We performed a welfare assessment of Japanese dairy farms using the ANI scoring system. On 25 farms, 36 dairy herds were assessed using the...
Animal hygiene and animal welfare in the feed to food production chain
Contributor(s):: Tielen, M.
The field of animal hygiene includes the research and education about the interaction between the animal and its abiotic and biotic environment, especially focused on the health and welfare of animals and humans. Only for a few epidemic disease organisms is the safeguarding strategy required. For...