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Tags: Hygiene

All Categories (81-100 of 115)

  1. Assessment of animal welfare in 80 dairy cow herds in cubicle housing # animal health and other animal-related parameters

    Contributor(s):: Rouha-Mulleder, C., Palme, R., Waiblinger, S.

    Introduction: With growing concerns about farm animal welfare (e.g. by consumers; WILDNER, 1998), knowledge about the actual situation with regard to animal welfare on farms is important. Valid assessment of animal welfare requires the use of animal-based parameters, while environmental...

  2. Dog-human and dog-dog interactions of 260 dog-owning households in a community in Cheshire

    Contributor(s):: Westgarth, C., Pinchbeck, G. L., Bradshaw, J. W., Dawson, S., Gaskell, R. M., Christley, R. M.

  3. Hygiene measures for animal-assisted interventions in hospitals, rehabilitation hospitals and retirement homes

    Contributor(s):: Hoffmann, C., Herr, C., Eikmann, T.

    Active or passive interactions with animals in animal-assisted interventions can be of great physical (reduction of hypertension, cardiac and circulatory troubles, muscle relaxation, pain relief etc.) and psychosocial (reduction of loneliness, fear and hostility, improvement of self-confidence)...

  4. New horizons in animal-human health relationships

    Contributor(s):: Lleberman, J., Helvig, R. J.

    A discussion of the responsibilities of the veterinary surgeon with public health training, in food hygiene, diseases transmissible from animals to man, experimental medicine and surgery, and the production of vaccines and sera.R.M.

  5. [Dogs in a collective, trained to serve their superiors]

    Contributor(s):: Vuillemenot, J. L., Cesaire, F.

  6. [It should not get even more crazy]

    Contributor(s):: van Knapen, F.

  7. [Symposium "Everyday zoonoses"]

    Contributor(s):: Overgaauw, P.

  8. [Therapeutic health promotion and therapy facilitated by animals]

    Contributor(s):: Barthalot, C.

  9. Compendium of measures to prevent disease associated with animals in public settings, 2009 National Association of State Public Health Veterinarians, Inc. (NASPHV)

    Certain venues encourage or permit the public to be in contact with animals, resulting in millions of human-animal interactions each year. These settings include county or state fairs, petting zoos, animal swap meets, pet stores, zoologic institutions, circuses, carnivals, educational farms,...

  10. Animal and activity farm visits - the potential value for children

    Contributor(s):: Pass, B.

    This article discusses the management, advantages and disadvantages of running a farm as an educational units for adults and children. The emphasis of supervision and procedures to maintain animal health and prevent potential disease transmission between animals and people are emphasized.

  11. Animal-based measures for welfare assessment

    Contributor(s):: Sevi, A.

    Animal welfare assessment cannot be irrespective of measures taken on animals. Indeed, housing parameters related to structures, design and micro-environment, even when reliable and easier to take, can only identify conditions which could be detrimental to animal welfare, but cannot predict poor...

  12. The welfare of dairy buffalo. (Special Issue: Criteria and methods for the assessment of animal welfare.)

    Contributor(s):: Rosa, G. de, Grasso, F., Pacelli, C., Napolitano, F., Winckler, C.

    The present paper addresses the issue on buffalo welfare. Firstly, the biological characteristics and behavioural needs of buffalo are considered. Subsequently, the effects of intensive farming and some animal-related indicators, to be used for a monitoring scheme of buffalo welfare at farm...

  13. Development of eliminative behaviour in piglets

    Contributor(s):: Whatson, T. S.

    The development of eliminative behaviour (urination and defaecation) in piglets was followed by watching piglets from the day of birth through to 5 weeks of age. Two different environments 5 (restricted and unrestricted) were used to establish the role of the sow. Six-day-old piglets consistently...

  14. Effects of the inclination of the lying area in cubicles on the behaviour and dirtiness of fattening bulls

    Contributor(s):: Westerath, H. S., Meier, T., Gygax, L., Wechsler, B., Mayer, C.

    The aim of the study was to determine the optimal inclination of the lying area in cubicles for fattening bulls, taking into account the behaviour and dirtiness of the animals, as well as the dirtiness of the lying area. The inclination of the lying area was varied experimentally (3, 5, 8 and...

  15. The maintenance behaviour and cleanliness of pigs in two-tier weaner decks

    Contributor(s):: Lewis, N. J., Christison, G. I.

    Tiered weaner decks for pigs appear to have a major disadvantage because the faeces and urine from the pigs in the top pens drop through to the pigs in the lower pens. This may affect the well-being of these pigs and may cause the development of poor dunging habits. To determine the general...

  16. Effects of space allowance on the behaviour and cleanliness of finishing bulls kept in pens with fully slatted rubber coated flooring

    Contributor(s):: Gygax, L., Siegwart, R., Wechsler, B.

    To assess whether and how much indicators of animal welfare are influenced when space allowance is increased we studied the behaviour of finishing bulls in pens of 2.5, 3.0, 3.5 and 4.0 m2/animal with rubber coated slatted floors. A total of 56 finishing bulls were kept in eight groups which were...

  17. Multifactorial testing of enrichment criteria: pigs 'demand' hygiene and destructibility more than sound

    Contributor(s):: Bracke, M. B. M.

    To validate (further) a semantic model called RICHPIG, which was designed to assess enrichment materials for pigs, a study was conducted to examine the importance of three assessment criteria, namely destructibility, hygiene and sound. These material properties were studied using a specially...

  18. Self-grooming by mares and foals of the Welsh pony. (Equus caballus)

    Contributor(s):: Crowell-Davis, S. L.

    Self-grooming behaviour of 15 mare-foal pairs was studied weekly for the first 24 weeks of the foal's life. Mares self-groomed at mean rates of 1.2-2.2 times/h depending on the 4-week period. Foals self-groomed more often, with a peak rate of 12.3 times/h occurring during weeks 5-8 and a...

  19. Comparison of the effect of human interaction, animal-assisted therapy, and AIBO-assisted therapy on long-term care residents with dementia

    Contributor(s):: Kramer, S. C., Friedmann, E., Bernstein, P. L.

    The number of elderly people in the United States is projected to more than double to 80 million by the year 2050, which will likely result in an increased incidence of dementia. Although AAT programs have been instituted as therapeutic activities for residents of long-term care facilities, there...

  20. The impact of anthropogenic factors on the behavior, reproduction, management and welfare of urban, free-roaming cat populations

    Contributor(s):: Finkler, H., Hatna, E., Terkel, J.

    Free-roaming domestic cats constitute an integral part of many urban ecosystems worldwide; their presence results from undisturbed natural reproduction, abandonment by pet owners, and abundant food resources. These cats present controversial and emotional issues regarding management of their high...