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Effects of a Form of Equine-Facilitated Learning on Heart Rate Variability, Immune Function, and Self-Esteem in Older Adults
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Contributor(s):: Ann L. Baldwin, Barbara K. Rector, Ann C. Alden
Equine-facilitated learning (EFL) helps people access their immediate sensations and feelings because horses, as prey animals, are continually aware of their environment and provide instant feedback to human behaviors and emotions. We hypothesize that during EFL, older people become more aware...
Emerging and re-emerging zoonoses of dogs and cats
Contributor(s):: Chomel, B. B.
Since the middle of the 20th century, pets are more frequently considered as "family members" within households. However, cats and dogs still can be a source of human infection by various zoonotic pathogens. Among emerging or re-emerging zoonoses, viral diseases, such as rabies (mainly from dog...
Plague: infections of companion animals and opportunities for intervention
Contributor(s):: Oyston, Petra C. F., Williamson, Diane
Information need of owners regarding dog's healthcare, zoonotic diseases and marketing
Contributor(s):: Basarajappa, A. D., Rupasi, Tiwari, Rakesh, Roy, Davinder, Singh, Matt, V. T., Devan, Arora
The present study was purposively conducted at Clinical Complex, VeterinaryCollege, Hebbal, Bangalore; Referral Polyclinic, IVRI, Izatnagar; Veterinary polyclinic, GBPUAT, Pantnagar and Veterinary hospital, Palam, New Delhi, India. From each clinical complex, 50 pet dog owners were selected...
Sickness behaviours in ducks include anorexia but not lethargy
Contributor(s):: Marais, M., Maloney, S. K., Gray, D. A.
We must ban household pets for children at risk for atopy: pro
Contributor(s):: Brouard, J., Pellerin, L.
Whole transcriptome response of chicken spleen and peripheral blood leukocytes to avian pathogenic Escherichia coli
Contributor(s):: Erin Elizabeth Sandford, Susan J. Lamont (adviser)
A greater understanding of the immune response after infection can form the necessary foundation of knowledge needed to enhance immunity through genetic selection. Whole genome microarrays allow for comprehensive analysis of the transcriptome. The transcriptomic responses of spleen and peripheral...
Leishmaniasis, an emerging disease found in companion animals in the United States
Contributor(s):: Christine A. Petersen
This review discusses leishmaniasis in cats and dogs in the United States. Leishmaniasis is endemic in Foxhound populations in the United States and is still being characterized in this group. Pathophysiology, clinical signs, transmission, immunology, and treatment are examined in this review....
Effect of household pet ownership on infant immune response and subsequent sensitization
Contributor(s):: Simpson, A.
A comparison of cell-mediated immune responses in rhesus macaques housed singly, in pairs, or in groups
Contributor(s):: Schapiro, S. J., Nehete, P. N., Perlman, J. E., Sastry, K. J.
A variety of psychosocial factors have been shown to influence immunological responses in laboratory primates. The present investigation examined the effects of social housing condition on cell-mediated immune responses, comparing rhesus macaques (Macaca mulatta) in three housing conditions...
Behavioural, endocrine and immune consequences of mixing in weaned piglets
Contributor(s):: Merlot, E., Meunier-Salaun, M. C., Prunier, A.
Mixing piglets at weaning increases plasma cortisol concentrations and agonistic behaviour. In contrast to what is observed in older pigs, studies failed to show any effect of social environment on other behavioural variables or on immune function. The lack of effect of mixing may not reflect an...
Effect of gradual transition from maternal to reconstituted milk on behavioural, endocrine and immune responses of lambs
Contributor(s):: Sevi, A., Napolitano, F., Casamassima, D., Annicchiarico, G., Quarantelli, T., Paola, R. de
18-24 h after parturition, 20 Comisana lambs were separated from their dams and were subsequently offered a commercial milk substitute (Sub) or were subjected to a gradual transition from maternal to reconstituted milk over 10 days (Mix). Lambs had free access to milk for 3 h a day. A further 10...
The effect of a gradual separation from the mother on later behavioral, immune and endocrine alterations in artificially reared lambs
Contributor(s):: Sevi, A., Caroprese, M., Annicchiarico, G., Albenzio, M., Taibi, L., Muscio, A.
The aim of the experiment was to compare the welfare and weight gains of artificially reared lambs when gradually separated from their mothers or separated from them early and immediately or gradually moved from maternal to reconstituted milk. Forty Comisana lambs were assigned to a control...
Neonatal handling of Amazon parrots alters the stress response and immune function
Contributor(s):: Collette, J. C., Millam, J. R., Klasing, K. C., Wakenell, P. S.
The influence of neonatal handling on behaviour and immune function was assessed in Orange-winged Amazon parrots (Amazona amazonica). Chicks (n=11) were gently handled daily from 25 days of age until 38 days post-fledging, while control chicks (n=9) were not handled. At 10 days post-fledging...
Personality traits and the effects of DHA supplementation in the budgerigar ( Melopsittacus undulatus )
Contributor(s):: Callicrate, T. E., Siewerdt, F., Koutsos, E., Estevez, I.
We investigated the hypotheses that a bold-shy personality axis exists in the budgerigar (Melopsittacus undulatus) and that dietary docosahexaenoic acid (DHA) supplementation has a significant effect on budgerigar personality and immune responses. DHA is an integral component of the brain known...
The behavioural, physiological and immunological responses of lambs from two rearing systems and two genotypes to exposure to humans
Contributor(s):: Goddard, P. J., Fawcett, A. R., Macdonald, A. J., Reid, H. W.
96 lambs of 2 genotypes (Scottish Blackface: BF and Texel x (Blue-faced Leicester x Scottish Blackface): T) were studied. From birth to weaning 1 of 2 management regimes was applied: extensive (E), whereby animals were handled as little as possible or semi-intensive (I), in which lambs...
Main causes of poor welfare in intensively reared dairy cows. (Special Issue: Criteria and methods for the assessment of animal welfare.)
Contributor(s):: Abeni, F., Bertoni, G.
The aim of this review is to summarise the main causes of poor welfare in intensively reared dairy cows. Intensive farming systems are considered, both from a structural and a managerial point of view, for their constraints that may limit animal welfare: possible physical activity; acceptable...
An investigation of the relationship between adrenal activity, social rank and immunocompetence in pregnant sows kept in different housing conditions
Contributor(s):: Zanella, A. J., Mendl, M. T., Broom, D. M.
An examination of behavioral, immunological and productive traits in four management systems for sows and piglets
Contributor(s):: McGlone, J. J., Blecha, F.
Forty-one sows and litters were utilized in a multi-disciplinary evaluation of four common commercial housing systems for sows and piglets: (1) a standard crate (SC); (2) a modified or turnaround crate (TC); (3) a pen with an indoor and outdoor area (OP); (4) a straw-bedded hut on a lot (HL). HL...
Effect of group composition and pen size on behaviour, productivity and immune response of growing pigs
Contributor(s):: Moore, A. S., Gonyou, H. W., Stookey, J. M., McLaren, D. G.
Levels of aggression, injuries, activity, performance and immune response were determined in 288 growing pigs in a 2 x 2 factorial experiment; the factors being group composition and pen size. Pigs were classified as small (SM) when allotted and then reclassified as medium (MED), large (LG) and...