Extensive human presence and regular gentle handling improve growth, survival and immune competence in ostrich chicks
Contributor(s):: Muvhali, P. T., Bonato, M., Engelbrecht, A., Malecki, I. A., Cloete, S. W. P.
Environmentally enriching American mink ( Neovison vison) increases lymphoid organ weight and skeletal symmetry, and reveals differences between two sub-types of stereotypic behaviour
Contributor(s):: Diez-Leon, M., Bursian, S., Galicia, D., Napolitano, A., Palme, R., Mason, G.
Enrichment studies for wild carnivores (e.g., in zoos) are often short-term, use enrichments of unknown motivational significance, and focus on glucocorticoids and stereotypic behaviour (SB), ignoring other stress-relevant variables. Our study assessed the broad behavioural and physiological...
Plague: infections of companion animals and opportunities for intervention
Contributor(s):: Oyston, Petra C. F., Williamson, Diane
The use of positive reinforcement in training zebra sharks ( Stegostoma fasciatum)
Contributor(s):: Marranzino, A.
Positive reinforcement training (PRT) was used on 4 adult zebra sharks, Stegostoma fasciatum, housed at the Downtown Aquarium, Denver, to determine the ability of zebra sharks to become desensitized to various stimuli associated with veterinary procedures. One male and 3 female sharks were...
The effect of conspecific removal on the behaviour and physiology of pair-housed shelter dogs
Contributor(s):: Walker, J. K., Waran, N. K., Phillips, C. J. C.
Dogs ( Canis familiaris) are a highly social species and within a shelter environment pair-housing is recommended to prevent the stress associated with social isolation. Separation of individuals which may have formed bonds in this environment is a usual occurrence, as a result of rehoming or...
Knowledge, attitudes, and practices related to pet contact by immunocompromised children with cancer and immunocompetent children with diabetes
Contributor(s):: Stull, J. W., Brophy, J., Sargeant, J. M., Peregrine, A. S., Lawson, M. L., Ramphal, R., Samson, L., Bowes, J., Weese, J. S.
Objective: To compare knowledge, attitudes, and risks related to pet contact in households with and without immunocompromised children. Study design: A questionnaire was distributed to parents of children diagnosed with cancer (immunocompromised; n=80) or diabetes (immunocompetent; n=251)...
Review of human-animal interactions and their impact on animal productivity and welfare
Contributor(s):: Idrus, Zulkifli
Humans and animals are in regular and at times close contact in modern intensive farming systems. The quality of human-animal interactions can have a profound impact on the productivity and welfare of farm animals. Interactions by humans may be neutral, positive or negative in nature. Regular...
Information need of owners regarding dog's healthcare, zoonotic diseases and marketing
Contributor(s):: Basarajappa, A. D., Rupasi, Tiwari, Rakesh, Roy, Davinder, Singh, Matt, V. T., Devan, Arora
The present study was purposively conducted at Clinical Complex, VeterinaryCollege, Hebbal, Bangalore; Referral Polyclinic, IVRI, Izatnagar; Veterinary polyclinic, GBPUAT, Pantnagar and Veterinary hospital, Palam, New Delhi, India. From each clinical complex, 50 pet dog owners were selected...
Sickness behaviours in ducks include anorexia but not lethargy
Contributor(s):: Marais, M., Maloney, S. K., Gray, D. A.
Linking the social environment to illness in farm animals
Contributor(s):: Proudfoot, K. L., Weary, D. M., Keyserlingk, M. A. G. von
Physiological and welfare consequences of transport, relocation, and acclimatization of chimpanzees (Pan troglodytes). (Special Issue: The welfare of laboratory primates.)
Contributor(s):: Schapiro, S. J., Lambeth, S. P., Jacobsen, K. R., Williams, L. E., Nehete, B. N., Nehete, P. N.
The behavioral immune system (and why it matters)
Contributor(s):: Schaller, Mark, Park, Justin H.
Behavioural and physiological consequences of acute social defeat in growing gilts: effects of the social environment
Contributor(s):: Ruis, M. A. W., Groot, J. de, Brake, J. H. A. te, Ekkel, E. D., Burgwal, J. A. van de, Erkens, J. H. F., Engel, B., Buist, W. G., Blokhuis, H. J., Koolhaas, J. M.
Endocrine, behavioural and immunological processes, together with body growth, were evaluated in gilts that were defeated at 10 weeks of age in resident-intruder tests. Immediately after defeat, gilts were either separated from or reunited with a familiar conspecific (litter-mate; always a...
The effects of regular visual contact with human beings on fear, stress, antibody and growth responses in broiler chickens
Contributor(s):: Zulkifli, I., Gilbert, J., Liew, P. K., Ginsos, J.
This study investigated the effects of regular visual contact at various ages on tonic immobility (TI) and heterophil/lymphocyte ratio (HLR) reactions to handling and crating, antibody production, growth performance and feed conversion ratios in commercial broiler chicks. Broiler chicks were...
Personality traits and the effects of DHA supplementation in the budgerigar ( Melopsittacus undulatus )
Contributor(s):: Callicrate, T. E., Siewerdt, F., Koutsos, E., Estevez, I.
We investigated the hypotheses that a bold-shy personality axis exists in the budgerigar (Melopsittacus undulatus) and that dietary docosahexaenoic acid (DHA) supplementation has a significant effect on budgerigar personality and immune responses. DHA is an integral component of the brain known...
Effect of cat and dog ownership on sensitization and development of asthma among preteenage children
Contributor(s):: Perzanowski, M. S., Ronmark, E., Platts-Mills, T. A. E., Lundback, B.
An inverse relationship has been proposed between exposure to high quantities of cat allergen at home and both asthma and cat allergy. First- and second-grade children from Lulea, Kiruna, and Pitea, Sweden participated in an asthma questionnaire study (n=3,431) and incidence was evaluated over...
Psychosocial and psychophysiological effects of human-animal interactions: The possible role of oxytocin
out of 5 stars
| Contributor(s):: Andrea Beetz, Kerstin Uvnäs-Moberg, Henri Julius, Kurt Kotrschal
During the last decade it has become more widely accepted that pet ownership and animal assistance in therapy and education may have a multitude of positive effects on humans. Here, we review the evidence from 69 original studies on human-animal interactions (HAI) which met our inclusion...
A perspective on vaccine guidelines and titer tests for dogs
| Contributor(s):: Moore, G. E., Glickman, L. T.
Main causes of poor welfare in intensively reared dairy cows. (Special Issue: Criteria and methods for the assessment of animal welfare.)
| Contributor(s):: Abeni, F., Bertoni, G.
The aim of this review is to summarise the main causes of poor welfare in intensively reared dairy cows. Intensive farming systems are considered, both from a structural and a managerial point of view, for their constraints that may limit animal welfare: possible physical activity; acceptable...
An investigation of the relationship between adrenal activity, social rank and immunocompetence in pregnant sows kept in different housing conditions
| Contributor(s):: Zanella, A. J., Mendl, M. T., Broom, D. M.