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Pets: Do They Enhance Our Immunity?
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| Theses | Contributor(s): Vidhi Desai, Calvin Leung, Ye Rin Lim, Julie M. Fagan
Pets can be highly beneficial to the human health and may even aid in the development of the human immune system. Our study specifically targets the area of pet ownership and its effects on the...
Environmentally enriching American mink ( Neovison vison) increases lymphoid organ weight and skeletal symmetry, and reveals differences between two sub-types of stereotypic behaviour
| Journal Articles | Contributor(s): Diez-Leon, M., Bursian, S., Galicia, D., Napolitano, A., Palme, R., Mason, G.
Enrichment studies for wild carnivores (e.g., in zoos) are often short-term, use enrichments of unknown motivational significance, and focus on glucocorticoids and stereotypic behaviour (SB),...
Animal Exposure, Asthma and Allergies
| Reports | Contributor(s): Felicia Trembath
An estimated 62% of all United States households have one or more pet and more than 38% of households with pets have children under the age of 18 (Beck, 2010). Although the total number of pets in...
Plague: infections of companion animals and opportunities for intervention
| Journal Articles | Contributor(s): Oyston, Petra C. F., Williamson, Diane
Correspondence to Oyston, Biomedical Sciences, Dstl Porton Down, Salisbury, Wiltshire SP4 0JQ, UKpcoyston@dstl.gov.uk
The use of positive reinforcement in training zebra sharks ( Stegostoma fasciatum)
| Journal Articles | Contributor(s): Marranzino, A.
Positive reinforcement training (PRT) was used on 4 adult zebra sharks, Stegostoma fasciatum, housed at the Downtown Aquarium, Denver, to determine the ability of zebra sharks to become...
The effect of conspecific removal on the behaviour and physiology of pair-housed shelter dogs
| Journal Articles | Contributor(s): Walker, J. K., Waran, N. K., Phillips, C. J. C.
Dogs ( Canis familiaris) are a highly social species and within a shelter environment pair-housing is recommended to prevent the stress associated with social isolation. Separation of individuals...
Knowledge, attitudes, and practices related to pet contact by immunocompromised children with cancer and immunocompetent children with diabetes
| Journal Articles | Contributor(s): Stull, J. W., Brophy, J., Sargeant, J. M., Peregrine, A. S., Lawson, M. L., Ramphal, R., Samson, L., Bowes, J., Weese, J. S.
Objective: To compare knowledge, attitudes, and risks related to pet contact in households with and without immunocompromised children. Study design: A questionnaire was distributed to parents of...
Review of human-animal interactions and their impact on animal productivity and welfare
| Journal Articles | Contributor(s): Idrus, Zulkifli
Humans and animals are in regular and at times close contact in modern intensive farming systems. The quality of human-animal interactions can have a profound impact on the productivity and...
Information need of owners regarding dog's healthcare, zoonotic diseases and marketing
| Journal Articles | Contributor(s): Basarajappa, A. D., Rupasi, Tiwari, Rakesh, Roy, Davinder, Singh, Matt, V. T., Devan, Arora
The present study was purposively conducted at Clinical Complex, VeterinaryCollege, Hebbal, Bangalore; Referral Polyclinic, IVRI, Izatnagar; Veterinary polyclinic, GBPUAT, Pantnagar and Veterinary...
Sickness behaviours in ducks include anorexia but not lethargy
| Journal Articles | Contributor(s): Marais, M., Maloney, S. K., Gray, D. A.
Applied Animal Behaviour Science
School of Physiology, University of the Witwatersrand, 7 York Road, Parktown, Johannesburg 2193, South...
Genetic and dietary effects on chicken heterophil function and immune response to Salmonella enteritidis
| Theses | Contributor(s): Sarah Beth Redmond, Susan J. Lamont (adviser)
The function of the chicken innate immune system against pathogens is affected by genetic background and immune modulating diet. Heterophils from broiler, Leghorn, and Fayoumi birds showed...
Reduction in mucosal barrier markers with soy protein diet but not Lactobacillus rhamnosus GG in DSS-treated mice
| Theses | Contributor(s): Huanyi Jiang, Ruth S. MacDonald (adviser)
Inflammatory bowel disease (IBD) is a common ailment affecting people of all ages. Even though the pathogenesis of IBD has not been fully elucidated, there is evidence that it involves...
Whole transcriptome response of chicken spleen and peripheral blood leukocytes to avian pathogenic Escherichia coli
| Theses | Contributor(s): Erin Elizabeth Sandford, Susan J. Lamont (adviser)
A greater understanding of the immune response after infection can form the necessary foundation of knowledge needed to enhance immunity through genetic selection. Whole genome microarrays allow...
Linking the social environment to illness in farm animals
| Journal Articles | Contributor(s): Proudfoot, K. L., Weary, D. M., Keyserlingk, M. A. G. von
Applied Animal Behaviour Science
Animal Welfare Program, Faculty of Land and Food Systems, University of British Columbia,...
Physiological and welfare consequences of transport, relocation, and acclimatization of chimpanzees (Pan troglodytes). (Special Issue: The welfare of laboratory primates.)
| Journal Articles | Contributor(s): Schapiro, S. J., Lambeth, S. P., Jacobsen, K. R., Williams, L. E., Nehete, B. N., Nehete, P. N.
Applied Animal Behaviour Science
Department of Veterinary Sciences, Michale E. Keeling Center for Comparative Medicine,...
The behavioral immune system (and why it matters)
| Journal Articles | Contributor(s): Schaller, Mark, Park, Justin H.
Current Directions in Psychological Science
Schaller, Mark, Department of Psychology, University of British Columbia 2136 West...
Behavioural and physiological consequences of acute social defeat in growing gilts: effects of the social environment
| Journal Articles | Contributor(s): Ruis, M. A. W., Groot, J. de, Brake, J. H. A. te, Ekkel, E. D., Burgwal, J. A. van de, Erkens, J. H. F., Engel, B., Buist, W. G., Blokhuis, H. J., Koolhaas, J. M.
Endocrine, behavioural and immunological processes, together with body growth, were evaluated in gilts that were defeated at 10 weeks of age in resident-intruder tests. Immediately after defeat,...
The effects of regular visual contact with human beings on fear, stress, antibody and growth responses in broiler chickens
| Journal Articles | Contributor(s): Zulkifli, I., Gilbert, J., Liew, P. K., Ginsos, J.
This study investigated the effects of regular visual contact at various ages on tonic immobility (TI) and heterophil/lymphocyte ratio (HLR) reactions to handling and crating, antibody production,...
Personality traits and the effects of DHA supplementation in the budgerigar ( Melopsittacus undulatus )
| Journal Articles | Contributor(s): Callicrate, T. E., Siewerdt, F., Koutsos, E., Estevez, I.
We investigated the hypotheses that a bold-shy personality axis exists in the budgerigar (Melopsittacus undulatus) and that dietary docosahexaenoic acid (DHA) supplementation has a significant...
Effect of cat and dog ownership on sensitization and development of asthma among preteenage children
| Journal Articles | Contributor(s): Perzanowski, M. S., Ronmark, E., Platts-Mills, T. A. E., Lundback, B.
An inverse relationship has been proposed between exposure to high quantities of cat allergen at home and both asthma and cat allergy. First- and second-grade children from Lulea, Kiruna, and...