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Effect of cat and dog ownership on sensitization and development of asthma among preteenage children
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Contributor(s):: Perzanowski, M. S., Ronmark, E., Platts-Mills, T. A. E., Lundback, B.
An inverse relationship has been proposed between exposure to high quantities of cat allergen at home and both asthma and cat allergy. First- and second-grade children from Lulea, Kiruna, and Pitea, Sweden participated in an asthma questionnaire study (n=3,431) and incidence was evaluated over...
Chimeras: The ethics of creating human-animal interspecifics
Contributor(s):: Constanze Huther
In summer 2004, I had the pleasure of attending a seminar by Julian Savulescu and Nick Bostrom about "Human Enhancement, Artificial Beings, and the Future of Humanity" at the University of Oxford. Among other quite exotic topics, chimeras were the subject matter of one of our seminar meetings....
Psychosocial and psychophysiological effects of human-animal interactions: The possible role of oxytocin
Contributor(s):: Andrea Beetz, Kerstin Uvnäs-Moberg, Henri Julius, Kurt Kotrschal
During the last decade it has become more widely accepted that pet ownership and animal assistance in therapy and education may have a multitude of positive effects on humans. Here, we review the evidence from 69 original studies on human-animal interactions (HAI) which met our inclusion...
A perspective on vaccine guidelines and titer tests for dogs
Contributor(s):: Moore, G. E., Glickman, L. T.
Main causes of poor welfare in intensively reared dairy cows. (Special Issue: Criteria and methods for the assessment of animal welfare.)
Contributor(s):: Abeni, F., Bertoni, G.
The aim of this review is to summarise the main causes of poor welfare in intensively reared dairy cows. Intensive farming systems are considered, both from a structural and a managerial point of view, for their constraints that may limit animal welfare: possible physical activity; acceptable...
An investigation of the relationship between adrenal activity, social rank and immunocompetence in pregnant sows kept in different housing conditions
Contributor(s):: Zanella, A. J., Mendl, M. T., Broom, D. M.
Social behaviour and immunologival correlates in group-housed laboratory does
Contributor(s):: Held, S. D. E., Turner, R. J., Wootton, R. J.
The welfare of gestating sows in conventional stalls and large groups on deep litter
Contributor(s):: Karlen, G. A. M., Hemsworth, P. H., Gonyou, H. W., Fabrega, E., Strom, A. D., Smits, R. J.
Confinement of breeding sows and gilts is a controversial welfare issue in livestock production and there is worldwide interest in finding alternative housing systems for gestating pigs. This study measured aspects of the welfare of gestating sows housed in either large groups on deep litter...
Behaviour, stress and health: where do we stand?
Contributor(s):: Dantzer, R.
Neuroendocrine integration of stress and significance of stress for the performance of farm animals
Contributor(s):: Borell, E. von
Assessment of welfare from physiological and behavioural responses of New Zealand dairy cows exposed to cold and wet conditions
Contributor(s):: Webster, J. R., Stewart, M., Rogers, A. R., Verkerk, G. A.
There is a need to assess the welfare of dairy cows that live outdoors under cold and wet conditions. This study combined a number of techniques to measure stress and make an assessment of welfare in this situation. Two groups often non-pregnant, non-lactating Holstein Friesian cows were exposed...
Quality of life means welfare: how is it related to other concepts and assessed?
Contributor(s):: Broom, D. M.
Our view of which individuals should be the subjects of our moral actions is expanding to include more people and more species. Animal welfare is the subject of rapidly increasing concern in most countries in the world, and this concern is resulting in changes in the ways in which animal users...