Environmental Impact and Relative Invasiveness of Free-Roaming Domestic Carnivores—a North American Survey of Governmental Agencies
Contributor(s):: Ana Lepe, Valerie Kaplan, Alirio Arreaza, Robert Szpanderfer, David Bristol, M. Scott Sinclair
A survey of the United States and Canadian governmental agencies investigated the environmental impact and relative invasiveness of free-roaming domestic non-native carnivores—dogs, cats, and ferrets. Agencies represented wildlife, fish, game, natural or environmental resources, parks and...
Effects of guest feeding programs on captive giraffe behavior
Contributor(s):: Orban, D. A., Siegford, J. M., Snider, R. J.
Zoological institutions develop human-animal interaction opportunities for visitors to advance missions of conservation, education, and recreation; however, the animal welfare implications largely have yet to be evaluated. This behavioral study was the first to quantify impacts of guest feeding...
Healing partners: The integration of a therapy animal in feminist family therapy
Contributor(s):: Rogers, Teresa
This qualitative Delphi study explored the impact that a therapy animal may have when integrated into a therapy setting with couples and families. Specifically, this study's goal was to understand how the inclusion of a therapy animal impacts the feminist family therapist's ability to develop a...
The protective association between pet ownership and depression among street-involved youth: a cross-sectional study
Contributor(s):: Lem, M., Coe, J. B., Haley, D. B., Stone, E., O'Grady, W.
Street-involved youth represent a particularly vulnerable subsection of the homeless population and are at increased risk of health problems, substance abuse, and depression. Qualitative research has demonstrated that animal companions help homeless youth cope with loneliness, are motivators for...
Keeper-animal interactions: differences between the behaviour of zoo animals affect stockmanship
Contributor(s):: Ward, S. J., Melfi, V.
Stockmanship is a term used to describe the management of animals with a good stockperson someone who does this in a in a safe, effective, and low-stress manner for both the stock-keeper and animals involved. Although impacts of unfamiliar zoo visitors on animal behaviour have been extensively...
The impact of streetlights on an aquatic invasive species: artificial light at night alters signal crayfish behaviour
Contributor(s):: Thomas, J. R., James, J., Newman, R. C., Riley, W. D., Griffiths, S. W., Cable, J.
Artificial light at night (ALAN) can significantly alter the behaviour, communication and orientation of animals, and will potentially interact with other stressors to affect biodiversity. Invasive, non-native species are one of the largest threats to freshwater biodiversity; however, the impact...
Impacts of shade on physiological and behavioural pattern of Dehong buffalo calves under high temperature
Contributor(s):: Gu, ZhaoBing, Yang, ShuLi, Leng, Jing, Xu, ShaoHong, Tang, ShouKun, Liu, ChuanBin, Gao, YaJun, Mao, HuaMing
Shade shelter is widely used to reduce heat load for farm animals, but little research focus on the cooling effects for Dehong buffalo calves. The aim of this experiment was to evaluate the impacts of shade cooling on the physiological and behavioural parameters for Dehong buffalo calves. Shade...
Oil and gas impacts on Wyoming's sage-grouse: summarizing the past and predicting the foreseeable future
Contributor(s):: Applegate, David H., Owens, Nicholas L.
Stakeholder contemporary knowledge needs regarding the potential effects of tall structures on sage-grouse
Contributor(s):: Messmer, Terry A., Hasenyager, Robert, Burruss, James, Liguori, Sherry
Individual hunting behaviour and prey specialisation in the house cat Felis catus: implications for conservation and management
Contributor(s):: Dickman, C. R., Newsome, T. M.
Predators are often classed as prey specialists if they eat a narrow range of prey types, or as generalists if they hunt multiple prey types. Yet, individual predators often exhibit sex, size, age or personality-related differences in their diets that may alter the impacts of predation on...
Measuring the Stress Level of Students Preceding an Exam and Post Animal Interaction Through the Use of Salivary Cortisol
Contributor(s):: Victoria Duback
Stress is a sensation that can be helpful in a dangerous situation but also very harmful in excess. The body naturally begins to fight off the stress response in order to try and diminish the negative effects that it causes in the body. There are many adverse effects to experiencing stress which...
Adaptive ideals and aspirational goals: the utopian ideals and realist constraints of climate change adaptation
Contributor(s):: Baard, P.
There is a growing need to implement anticipatory climate change adaptation measures, particularly in vulnerable sectors, such as in agriculture. However, setting goals to adapt is wrought with several challenges. This paper discusses two sets of challenges to goals of anticipatory adaptation, of...
Role model influence on word-of-mouth, loyalty and switching behaviors of dog owners
Contributor(s):: Clark, Paul W., Page, Jay, Fine, Monica B.
Effects of Transfer from Breeding to Research Facility on the Welfare of Rats
Contributor(s):: Johanna W.M. Arts, Nynke R. Oosterhuis, Klaas Kramer, Frauke Ohl
Transfer from the breeding facility to a research facility is a stressful event for laboratory animals. Heat stress has been reported to constitute one of the major concerns during transport of animals. This study measured ambient and body temperature, corticosterone and glucose levels, body...
An ethological approach to determining housing requirements of gamebirds in raised laying units
Contributor(s):: Matheson, S. M., Donbavand, J., Sandilands, V., Pennycott, T., Turner, S. P.
Each year, the UK rears around 20-30 million pheasants and 3-6 million red-legged partridges for shooting purposes. However, welfare organisations and some members of the gamebird industry itself have raised concerns about the use of raised laying units for breeding gamebirds. Although the...
Do birdwatchers care about bird disturbance?
Contributor(s):: Weston, M. A., Guay, P. J., McLeod, E. M., Miller, K. K.
Little is known about how non-consumptive recreationists perceive their impacts on animals and how this relates to recreationist behavior. We surveyed attitudes and behaviors relating to bird disturbance of 179 birdwatchers who visited a world-renowned, restricted-access birdwatching destination...
Potential welfare impacts of kill-trapping European moles ( Talpa europaea) using scissor traps and duffus traps: a post mortem examination study
Contributor(s):: Baker, S. E., Shaw, R. F., Atkinson, R. P. D., West, P., Macdonald, D. W.
Moles are widely trapped as pests on farms and amenity land in Britain. Spring traps for killing mammals generally require welfare approval in the UK, but mole traps are exempt. Previous research demonstrated wide variation in the mechanical performance of mole traps. In this context, we aimed to...
Intentions and values in animal welfare legislation and standards
Contributor(s):: Lundmark, F., Berg, C., Schmid, O., Behdadi, D., Rocklinsberg, H.
The focus on animal welfare in society has increased during the last 50 years. Animal welfare legislation and private standards have developed, and today many farmers within animal production have both governmental legislation and private standards to comply with. In this paper intentions and...
Domestic Dogs as Invasive Species: From Local to Global Impacts
Contributor(s):: Eduardo Andres Silva, Kathryn E. Sieving (adviser)
Domestic dogs are the most abundant carnivores worldwide. Food and other subsidies to dogs do not prevent their predation on wildlife. Dog impacts on wildlife are suspected to be significant, yet the nature of dog-wildlife interactions is not fully understood. In this context I addressed three...
Siamangs ( Hylobates syndactylus ) and white-cheeked gibbons ( Hylobates leucogenys ) show few behavioral differences related to zoo attendance
Contributor(s):: Smith, K. N., Kuhar, C. W.
The effect of visitors on behavior and welfare of nonhuman animals in the zoo has been an active research topic during the last few decades. Although research has variously shown negative or positive impacts of zoo visitors on animals in captivity, previous primate research at Disney's Animal...