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  1. Epidemiology of Musculoskeletal Injury during Racing on New Zealand Racetracks 2005–2011

    Contributor(s):: Charlotte Bolwell, Chris Rogers, Erica Gee, Wayne Mcllwraith

    There is currently limited information on the types, or risk, of injuries occurring for horses racing in flat races in New Zealand. Race reports and records from six racing seasons were used to determine the reasons why horses failed to finish a race. In total, 544 horses failed to complete a...

  2. Practices and Perceptions of Animal Contact and Associated Health Outcomes in Pregnant Women and New Mothers

    Full-text: Available

    | Contributor(s):: Hsin-Yi Weng, Kimberly Ankrom

    Companion animals play an important role in our society. However, pregnant women and new mothers might have specific concerns about animal-associated health outcomes because of their altered immune function and posture as well as their newborn babies. The study was conducted to collect baseline...

  3. Behavioral and self-report measures influencing children's reported attachment to their dog

    | Contributor(s):: Hall, N. J., Liu, JingWen, Kertes, D., Wynne, C. D. L.

    Despite the prevalence of dogs as family pets and increased scientific interest in canine behavior, few studies have investigated characteristics of the child or dog that influence the child-dog relationship. In the present study, we explored how behavioral and some self-report measures influence...

  4. Welfare effects of a disease eradication programme for dairy goats

    | Contributor(s):: Muri, K., Leine, N., Valle, P. S.

    The Norwegian dairy goat industry has largely succeeded in controlling caprine arthritis encephalitis (CAE), caseous lymphadenitis (CLA) and paratuberculosis through a voluntary disease eradication programme called Healthier Goats (HG). The aim of this study was to apply an on-farm welfare...

  5. Does group size have an impact on welfare indicators in fattening pigs?

    | Contributor(s):: Meyer-Hamme, S. E. K., Lambertz, C., Gauly, M.

    Production systems for fattening pigs have been characterized over the last 2 decades by rising farm sizes coupled with increasing group sizes. These developments resulted in a serious public discussion regarding animal welfare and health in these intensive production systems. Even though large...

  6. Welfare effects of a disease eradication programme for dairy goats

    | Contributor(s):: Muri, K., Leine, N., Valle, P. S.

    The Norwegian dairy goat industry has largely succeeded in controlling caprine arthritis encephalitis (CAE), caseous lymphadenitis (CLA) and paratuberculosis through a voluntary disease eradication programme called Healthier Goats (HG). The aim of this study was to apply an on-farm welfare...

  7. Behavioral and self-report measures influencing children's reported attachment to their dog

    | Contributor(s):: Hall, N. J., Liu, JingWen, Kertes, D., Wynne, C. D. L.

    Despite the prevalence of dogs as family pets and increased scientific interest in canine behavior, few studies have investigated characteristics of the child or dog that influence the child-dog relationship. In the present study, we explored how behavioral and some self-report measures influence...

  8. Behavioral and self-report measures influencing children's reported attachment to their dog

    | Contributor(s):: Hall, N. J., Liu, JingWen, Kertes, D., Wynne, C. D. L.

    Despite the prevalence of dogs as family pets and increased scientific interest in canine behavior, few studies have investigated characteristics of the child or dog that influence the child-dog relationship. In the present study, we explored how behavioral and some self-report measures influence...

  9. On-farm qualitative behaviour assessment in sheep: repeated measurements across time, and association with physical indicators of flock health and welfare

    | Contributor(s):: Phythian, C. J., Michalopoulou, E., Cripps, P. J., Duncan, J. S., Wemelsfelder, F.

    Qualitative Behavioural Assessment (QBA) is a 'whole-animal' methodology that assesses the expressive qualities of animal behaviour using terms such as 'tense', 'relaxed', 'anxious', and 'content'. The reliability and validity of QBA as an indicator for on-farm welfare assessment in pigs, cattle,...

  10. Can automated measures of lying time help assess lameness and leg lesions on tie-stall dairy farms?

    | Contributor(s):: Charlton, G. L., Bouffard, V., Gibbons, J., Vasseur, E., Haley, D. B., Pellerin, D., Rushen, J., Passille, A. M. de

    The time that dairy cows spend lying down is an important measure of their comfort and lameness and injuries to hocks and knees are associated with alterations in lying time. We examined whether automated measures of lying time could identify cows and farms with problems of lameness or leg...

  11. A welfare assessment scoring system for working equids - a method for identifying at risk populations and for monitoring progress of welfare enhancement strategies (trialed in Egypt)

    | Contributor(s):: Ali, A. B. A., El-Sayed, M. A., Matoock, M. Y., Fouad, M. A., Heleski, C. R.

    There are an estimated 112 million horses, donkeys and mules (i.e., working equids) in developing regions of the world. Though their roles are often fundamental to the well-being of the families they work for, their welfare is often severely compromised due to the limited resources and/or limited...

  12. Using the incidence and impact of health conditions in guide dogs to investigate healthy ageing in working dogs

    | Contributor(s):: Caron-Lormier, G., England, G. C. W., Green, M. J., Asher, L.

    This study aimed to use retirement data from working guide dogs to investigate healthy ageing in dogs and the demographic factors that influence ageing. Using a dataset of 7686 dogs spanning 20 years, dogs withdrawn for health reasons before they reached retirement were identified. Cases of...

  13. Prevalence of stereotypies and its possible causes among captive Asian elephants ( Elephas maximus) in Tamil Nadu, India

    | Contributor(s):: Vanitha, Varadharajan, Thiyagesan, Krishnamoorthy, Baskaran, Nagarajan

    Animals in captivity are often confined in small barren enclosures, preventing adequate exercise, and socialization with conspecifics. Captivity is also known for depriving young individuals' association with maternal relatives by weaning away from their mothers' earlier than what their peers...

  14. Brief unstructured interaction with a dog reduces distress

    | Contributor(s):: Crossman, M. K., Kazdin, A. E., Knudson, K.

    In 2013, 11% of the US population experienced serious psychological distress. This problem of psychological distress is exacerbated in colleges and universities, where more than half of students report experiencing moderate to severe depression. In spite of the prevalence of this psychological...

  15. Availability and use of designated hospital pens in Danish dairy herds

    | Contributor(s):: Houe, H., Thomsen, P. T., Amdi, C., Herskin, M. S., Forkman, B., Jensen, M. B.

    The objective of this study was to describe the availability and use of designated hospital pens in Danish dairy herds and to analyse the association between availability and use of hospital pens and the herd-level incidence of reported disease treatments. Hospital pens were divided into either...

  16. Noise sensitivity in 17 dog breeds: prevalence, breed risk and correlation with fear in other situations

    | Contributor(s):: Storengen, L. M., Lingaas, F.

    A web-based survey was conducted to estimate prevalence of noise sensitivity in 17 dog breeds in Norway ( n=5257). Major focus was on noise from fireworks, loud noises (bang/gunshots), thunderstorms and heavy traffic. The study also investigated risk factors as well as correlation with some other...

  17. Agonistic behaviour, skin lesions and activity pattern of entire male, female and castrated male finishing pigs

    | Contributor(s):: Bunger, B., Schrader, L., Schrade, H., Zacharias, B.

    Fattening of intact boars is the least invasive alternative to the detrimental welfare effects of surgical castration of piglets. However, beside problems such as boar taint the divergent agonistic and sexual behaviour of boars may impair the pigs' welfare during fattening. To evaluate the effect...

  18. Consumption of domestic cat in Madagascar: frequency, purpose, and health implications

    | Contributor(s):: Czaja, R., Wills, A., Hanitriniaina, S., Reuter, K. E., Sewall, B. J.

    The domestic cat Felis catus has a long history of interaction with humans, and is found throughout the world as a household pet and a feral animal. Despite people's often sentimental association with cats, cat meat is sometimes consumed by them; this practice can have important implications for...

  19. Effects of catching and transportation versus pre-slaughter handling at the abattoir on the prevalence of wing fractures in broilers

    | Contributor(s):: Kittelsen, K. E., Granquist, E. G., Vasdal, G., Tolo, E., Moe, R. O.

    Fractures occurring in conscious broiler chickens are painful and severely compromise animal welfare. The aim of this study was to investigate the effects of pre-slaughter handling procedures on the frequency of wing fractures. Wings were examined for fractures in 11,609 broilers, from 12...

  20. A cross-sectional epidemiological study of prevalence and severity of bit-induced oral trauma in polo ponies and race horses

    | Contributor(s):: Mata, F., Johnson, C., Bishop, C.

    Bit and bridle accessories improperly fitted in ridden horses can cause oral trauma such as bone spurs, commissure ulceration, and tongue lacerations. This study was used to identify, grade, and compare the types of oral traumas commonly found within polo ponies and race horses. Injuries were...