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  1. Owner perceptions of companion dog expressions of positive emotional states and the contexts in which they occur

    Contributor(s):: Buckland, E. L., Volk, H. A., Burn, C. C., Abeyesinghe, S. M.

    Promotion of positive experiences in companion animals is essential for maximising good welfare. However, the dearth of published literature on the experience and expression of positive emotional states in companion dogs suggests they are less well understood than negative emotions. Owner...

  2. Use of conditioned place preference/avoidance tests to assess affective states in fish

    Contributor(s):: Millot, S., Cerqueira, M., Castanheira, M. F., Overli, O., Martins, C. I. M., Oliveira, R. F.

    Animal welfare has been defined as the balance between positive and negative experiences or affective states. Despite the growing evidence of complex cognitive abilities and the expression of affective states such as pain and fear, very little is known about ability to experience memory based...

  3. Welfare by the ear: comparing relative durations and frequencies of ear postures by using an automated tracking system in sheep

    Contributor(s):: Vogeli, S., Wechsler, B., Gygax, L.

    Given the increased interest in animal emotional reactions for assessing welfare, indicators for such reactions are sought. Ear postures and movements have been found to be promising indicators of emotional states in sheep and other animals. The manual recording of ear postures, however, is very...

  4. Are severely depressed suckling pigs resistant to gas euthanasia?

    Contributor(s):: Sadler, L. J., Karriker, L. A., Schwartz, K. J., Johnson, A. K., Widowski, T. M., Wang, C., Sutherland, M. A., Millman, S. T.

    Severely depressed pigs exhibit differences in a number of important parameters that may affect gas euthanasia, including decreased respiration rate and tidal volume. Hence, the objectives of this study were to assess the efficacy and animal welfare implications of gas euthanasia of suckling pigs...

  5. Comparison of the tonic immobility duration, heterophil to lymphocyte ratio, and fluctuating asymmetry of chicks reared with or without a broody hen, and of broody and non-broody hens

    Contributor(s):: Campo, J. L., Davila, S. G., Gil, M. G.

    The purposes of this study were to determine whether rearing with a broody hen influenced duration of tonic immobility, heterophil to lymphocyte ratio, and relative fluctuating asymmetry of chicks and to analyze the differences between broody and non-broody hens in fear and stress indicators. A...

  6. Does stocking density modify affective state in pigs as assessed by cognitive bias, behavioural and physiological parameters?

    Contributor(s):: Scollo, A., Gottardo, F., Contiero, B., Edwards, S. A.

    Recent studies suggest that emotional state can affect cognitive abilities of humans and non-human animals, determining biases in information processing. Negative mental states, such as anxiety or depression, induce pessimistic judgments of ambiguous stimuli. These assumptions may be used to...

  7. Mobile abattoir versus conventional slaughterhouse - impact on stress parameters and meat quality characteristics in Norwegian lambs

    Contributor(s):: Eriksen, M. S., Rodbotten, R., Grondahl, A. M., Friestad, M., Andersen, I. L., Mejdell, C. M.

    The aim of the present study was to investigate possible differences in certain stress parameters and meat quality characteristics between Norwegian lambs slaughtered at a mobile abattoir (at two different localities) versus lambs slaughtered at a conventional, stationary slaughterhouse. Lambs...

  8. Pain expression is linked to personality in horses

    Contributor(s):: Ijichi, C., Collins, L. M., Elwood, R. W.

    Tissue damage may result in pain, inducing protective behaviour such as lameness. Because we cannot directly measure an animal's subjective experience, pain research and veterinary assessment rely on these behavioural indicators when quantifying pain. This assumes that pain expression is...

  9. Perception of dogs' stress by their owners

    Contributor(s):: Mariti, C., Gazzano, A., Moore, J. L., Baragli, P., Chelli, L., Sighieri, C.

    Questionnaires potentially have a broad applicability in measuring stress levels in dogs, as owners know their dogs' behavior and personality better than anyone else. The aim of this research was to evaluate how owners perceive stress in their dogs through understanding of displayed behaviors....

  10. Problems at the human-horse interface and prospects for smart textile solutions

    Contributor(s):: McGreevy, P. D., Sundin, M., Karlsteen, M., Berglin, L., Ternstrom, J., Hawson, L., Richardsson, H., McLean, A. N.

    The significant potential for so-called "smart textiles" in the design of the next generation of devices that measure pressure, tension, moisture, and heat at the human-horse interface is discussed in this article. Research techniques from theoretical and experimental physics laboratories,...

  11. The effect of physiotherapy intervention to the pelvic region of experienced riders on seated postural stability and the symmetry of pressure distribution to the saddle: a preliminary study

    Contributor(s):: Nevison, C. M., Timmis, M. A.

    It is commonplace for trainers and judges to comment that riders are "crooked" or "collapsed in the hip." This asymmetrical posture will likely have a significant effect on stability/balance and may subsequently have a detrimental effect on performance. Although the effects of asymmetry on...

  12. Assessment time of the Welfare Quality protocol for dairy cattle

    Contributor(s):: Vries, M. de, Engel, B., Uijl, I. den, Schaik, G. van, Dijkstra, T., Boer, I. de, Bokkers, E. A. M.

  13. Attitudes of dairy farmers toward cow welfare in relation to housing, management and productivity

    Contributor(s):: Kauppinen, T., Valros, A., Vesala, K. M.

  14. Cross sectional study comparing behavioural, cognitive and physiological indicators of welfare between short and long term kennelled domestic dogs

    Contributor(s):: Titulaer, M., Blackwell, E. J., Mendl, M., Casey, R. A.

  15. Development and testing of an on-farm welfare assessment protocol for dairy goats

    Contributor(s):: Muri, K., Stubsjoen, S. M., Valle, P. S.

  16. Effects of human-dog familiarity on dogs' behavioural responses to petting

    Contributor(s):: Kuhne, F., Hossler, J. C., Struwe, R.

  17. Evaluation of on-farm veal calves' responses to unfamiliar humans and potential influencing factors

    Contributor(s):: Leruste, H., Bokkers, E. A. M., Heutinck, L. F. M., Wolthuis-Fillerup, M., Werf, J. T. N. van der, Brscic, M., Cozzi, G., Engel, B., Reenen, C. G. van, Lensink, B. J.

  18. Influence of gentle touching applied few weeks before slaughter on avoidance distance and slaughter stress in finishing cattle

    Contributor(s):: Probst, J. K., Hillmann, E., Leiber, F., Kreuzer, M., Neff, A. S.

  19. Novelty exploration, baseline cortisol level and fur-chewing in farm mink with different intensities of stereotypic behaviour

    Contributor(s):: Svendsen, P. M., Palme, R., Malmkvist, J.

  20. Rescued goats at a sanctuary display positive mood after former neglect

    Contributor(s):: Briefer, E. F., McElligott, A. G.