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  1. [An educator's perspective, defusing tensions through mediation and the encounter]

    Contributor(s):: Rivoire, G.

  2. Mājdzīvnieku loma vientulības mazināšanā: dzīvnieki kā cilvēku aizstājēji

    Contributor(s):: Maija Jaunzeme

    Vientulība ir universāls, tomēr joprojām līdz galam neizprasts fenomens gan zinātnē, gan sabiedrībā. Vientulības cēloņi var būt dažādi, taču tie vienmēr saistīti ar atšķirtību- vai nu sociālu vai emocionālu. Lai mazinātu vientulības sajūtu, ir nepieciešama kvalitatīva komunikācija,...

  3. Animals' Capability to Bond and the Implications that Follow

    Contributor(s):: Falyn Goldfarb

    This paper explores the ways in which humans have historically viewed animals, with a focus on Descartes theory automata. Further concepts of the problem of different minds, inherent value, empathy, love, friendship, grief, isolation, anthropomorphism, and biochemistry (focusing on oxytocin,...

  4. Animal companions and one-year survival of patients after discharge from a coronary care unit

    Full-text: Available

    | Contributor(s):: Erika Friedmann, Aaron Honori Katcher, James Lynch, Sue Ann Thomas

    This study looked at the effects of social isolation and social support on the survival of patients whowere hospitalized in a CCU with a diagnosis of MI or angina pectoris (AP). Social factors have been reportedto account for some of the variation in the incidence of MI and AP (25,28), but...

  5. Pets and Loneliness

    | Contributor(s):: Woodward, John C., Queen, Janel

  6. Effects of pet ownership on the health and well-being of older people

    | Contributor(s):: Wells, Y., Rodi, H.

  7. Pets help us to make human friends

    | Contributor(s):: Powell, Barbara

  8. Predicting loneliness in the hospitalized elderly: what are the risk factors?

    | Contributor(s):: Proffitt, Charlotte, Byrne, Marjorie

  9. The lives of elderly bird-keepers: a case study of Hong Kong

    | Contributor(s):: Ngan, Raymond, Leung, Edward

  10. The Management of Loneliness in Aged Care Residents: An Important Therapeutic Target for Gerontological Nursing

    | Contributor(s):: Brownie, Sonya, Horstmanshof, Louise

  11. Effects of isolation-rearing on the development of social behaviors in male Mongolian gerbils (Meriones unguiculatus)

    | Contributor(s):: Shimozuru, Michito, Kikusui, Takefumi, Takeuchi, Yukari, Mori, Yuji

  12. Heterogeneity and phylogenetic relationships of community-associated methicillin-sensitive/resistant Staphylococcus aureus isolates in healthy dogs, cats and their owners

    | Contributor(s):: Wan, M. T., Fu, S. Y., Lo, Y. P., Huang, T. M., Cheng, M. M., Chou, C. C.

    Aims: To investigate the distribution of staphylococcal enterotoxin genes (se) and the molecular features of community-associated methicillin-sensitive/resistant Staphylococcus aureus (CA-MSSA/MRSA) isolates in the nostrils of healthy pets and their owners. Methods and Results: A total of 114...

  13. Molecular characterization of methicillin-resistant Staphylococcus aureus strains from pet animals and their relationship to human isolates

    | Contributor(s):: Strommenger, B., Kehrenberg, C., Kettlitz, C., Cuny, C., Verspohl, J., Witte, W., Schwarz, S.

    Objectives: Methicillin-resistant Staphylococcus aureus (MRSA) isolates from pet animals were characterized and compared with human isolates from clonal complexes most prevalent in Central Europe. Methods: S. aureus isolates were investigated for their in vitro susceptibility to antimicrobial...

  14. Behaviour and physiologic responses of mares to short-term isolation

    | Contributor(s):: Strand, S. C., Tiefenbacher, S., Haskell, M., Hosmer, T., McDonnell, S. M., Freeman, D. A.

    The aim of this study was to evaluate the behaviour and physiologic responses of mares to removal from an established pasture herd and to isolation in a pasture setting for 6 h (Group I, n=5). Responses of mares in Group I were compared to mares that were transported and returned to the herd...

  15. Behavioural and physiological consequences of acute social defeat in growing gilts: effects of the social environment

    | Contributor(s):: Ruis, M. A. W., Groot, J. de, Brake, J. H. A. te, Ekkel, E. D., Burgwal, J. A. van de, Erkens, J. H. F., Engel, B., Buist, W. G., Blokhuis, H. J., Koolhaas, J. M.

    Endocrine, behavioural and immunological processes, together with body growth, were evaluated in gilts that were defeated at 10 weeks of age in resident-intruder tests. Immediately after defeat, gilts were either separated from or reunited with a familiar conspecific (litter-mate; always a...

  16. The use of mirrors for the control of stereotypic weaving behaviour in the stabled horse

    | Contributor(s):: McAfee, L. M., Mills, D. S., Cooper, J. J.

    Weaving, a common locomotor stereotypy, is associated with social isolation in stabled horses. In this study we investigated the effect of provision of mirrors on weaving as this may have a similar effect to access to conspecifics. The behaviour of 6 known weavers, each in 1 of 3 locations within...

  17. Variability in vocal and behavioural responses to visual isolation between full-sibling families of beef calves

    | Contributor(s):: Watts, J. M., Stookey, J. M., Schmutz, S. M., Waltz, C. S.

    In order to assess the value of vocal response as an indicator of welfare in cattle, it is necessary to investigate factors which influence vocal behaviour of individuals, that are independent of the specific environmental conditions to which they are exposed. The effect of parental differences,...

  18. Vocalizations by isolated piglets: a reliable indicator of piglet need directed towards the sow

    | Contributor(s):: Weary, D. M., Ross, S., Fraser, D.

    Four piglets (20-26 days old) from each of 10 litters were isolated from the sow. Piglets doubled their call rate in response to playback of sow calls, indicating that piglets are directing calls towards the sow. Also, 54 (9-11 days old) piglets from 20 litters were paired for weight and isolated...

  19. A note on the effect of isolation during testing and length of previous confinement on locomotor behaviour during open-field test in dairy calves

    | Contributor(s):: Jensen, M. B.

    This study investigated firstly if confined calves perform more locomotor behaviour when open-field tested in pairs than when tested individually, and secondly if length of confinement affects the build-up of motivation to perform locomotor behaviour. In the first experiment, 14 calves were...

  20. Do beef cattle react consistently to different handling situations?

    | Contributor(s):: Grignard, L., Boivin, X., Boissy, A., Neindre, P. le

    Beef cattle responses to handling depend partly on the genetic characteristics of the animals. However, the various methods used in order to assess these responses differ to a great extent. The purpose of this work is to study the relationship between two different situations extensively used to...