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Oxytocin and Cortisol Levels in Dog Owners and Their Dogs Are Associated with Behavioral Patterns: An Exploratory Study
| Contributor(s):: Maria Petersson, Kerstin Uvnäs-Moberg, Anne Nilsson, Lise-Lotte Gustafson, Eva Hydbring-Sandberg, Linda Handlin
We have previously shown that dog–owner interaction results in increasing oxytocin levels in owners and dogs, decreasing cortisol levels in owners but increasing cortisol levels in dogs. The present study aimed to further investigate whether oxytocin and cortisol levels in the previously...
Empathy and Prosocial Behaviorists. Insights from Intra-and Inter-species Interactions
| Contributor(s):: Maria Elide Vanutelli, Michela Balconi
It has been suggested that "sharing the same body" between the observer and the observed subject allows for a direct form of understanding and emotional attuning by a process of simulation. Then, what happens when we don't have the same body? The aim of the present paper is to...
Training Reduces Stress in Human-Socialised Wolves to the Same Degree as in Dogs
| Contributor(s):: Angélica da Silva Vasconcellos, Zsófia Virányi, Friederike Range, César Ades, Jördis Kristin Scheidegger, Erich Möstl, Kurt Kotrschal
The welfare of animals in captivity is of considerable societal concern. A major source of stress, especially for wild animals, is the lack of control over their environment, which includes not being able to avoid contact with human beings. Paradoxically, some studies have shown that...
Captive Audiences: Interactions Between Visitors and Bonobos at the San Diego Zoo
| Contributor(s):: Elena Miyoko Carver
Primate exhibits in American zoological parks, especially those featuring the great apes, are among the most compelling, complex, and popular exhibits for visitors, and are a primary way the American public becomes familiar with our closest living relatives. In this study, I approach the...
Secret Psychological Revelations of Dolphins in Captivity
| Contributor(s):: Haylee Elizabeth Hilton
As with most things, the early years of Sea Animal training consisted of trials and errors, experimentations and false starts. Again, as with most things, those early efforts were analyzed and the successful efforts were kept and incorporated into the regular training routines....
Dogs (Canis familiaris), but Not Chimpanzees (Pan troglodytes), Understand Imperative Pointing
| Contributor(s):: Katharina C. Kirchhofer, Felizitas Zimmermann, Juliane Kaminski, Michael Tomasello
Chimpanzees routinely follow the gaze of humans to outside targets. However, in most studies using object choice they fail to use communicative gestures (e.g. pointing) to find hidden food. Chimpanzees' failure to do this may be due to several difficulties with this paradigm. They may, for...
Transmission dynamics of pandemic influenza A(H1N1)pdm09 virus in humans and swine in backyard farms in Tumbes, Peru
| Contributor(s):: Yeny O. Tinoco, Joel M. Montgomery, Mathew R. Kasper, Martha I. Nelson, Hugo Razuri, Maria C. Guezala, Eduardo Azziz-Baumgartner, Marc-Alain Widdowson, John Barnes, Robert H. Gilman, Daniel G Bausch, Armando E. Gonzalez
Objectives We aimed to determine the frequency of pH1N1 transmission between humans and swine on backyard farms in Tumbes, Peru. Design Two‐year serial cross‐sectional study comprising four sampling periods: March 2009 (pre‐pandemic), October 2009 (peak of the pandemic in Peru), April...
Felino: The Philosophical Practice of Making an Interspecies Videogame
| Contributor(s):: Michelle Westerlaken, Stefano Gualeni
This paper describes the design process of an interspecies video game that has its foundations in the field of Animal-Computer Interaction (ACI), but is inspired by philosophical notions and approaches including Jos De Mul’s work on biohermeneutics (De Mul 2013), Pierce’s theory of...
Why Do We Care?: A Natural History of Noddings' Ethical Theory
| Contributor(s):: Walter Jason Niedermeyer
Noddings’ theory of caring, which is nearing its 35th anniversary, has failed to garner the attention of the more classical theories of ethics. This slight may be due to its relative youth, or the historical support for other constructs, but if examined through the lens of...
Advances in Applied Zoo Animal Welfare Science
| Contributor(s):: Ward, S. J., Sherwen, S., Clark, F. E.
Replication Pilot Trial of Therapeutic Horseback Riding and Cortisol Collection With Children on the Autism Spectrum
| Contributor(s):: Pan, Z., Granger, D. A., Guerin, N. A.
We aimed to determine whether results of our prior randomized control trial [RCT; NCT02301195, (1)] of Therapeutic Horseback Riding (THR) for children and adolescents with autism spectrum disorder (ASD) could be replicated at a different riding center and if treatment effects also...
The effects of service dogs on psychosocial health and wellbeing for individuals with physical disabilities or chronic conditions
| Contributor(s):: Rodriguez, K. E., Bibbo, J., O'Haire, M. E.
Anthropomorphism in Human-Animal Interactions: A Pragmatist View
| Contributor(s):: Servais, V.
CONTEMPORARY MAYAN GROUPS' CONCEPTS ABOUT ANIMALS
| Contributor(s):: Fernando Guerrero Martinez
The concepts Mayan groups have regarding fauna involve knowledge and practices that result from sharp observation of their surroundings. This paper articulates important aspects of human-animal interaction in order to demonstrate the complexity underlying the notion of what animals mean in the...
Influência de um ordenhador aversivo sobre a produção leiteira de vacas da raça Holandesa
| Contributor(s):: Maria Jose Hotzel, Luiz Carlos Pinheiro Machado Filho, Maria Christina Yunes, Marcela Cristina A. C. da Silveira
In the present study the hypothesis that fear of humans is long-lasting and may influence milk production in Holstein cows was tested. One person (the aversive handler) carried out two daily sessions of an aversive treatment during 21 days, where each cow received two slaps on the rump and a...
Nasally-Administered Oxytocin Has Limited Effects on Owner-Directed Attachment Behavior in Pet Dogs (Canis lupus familiaris)
| Contributor(s):: Lauren E. Thielke, giovanna renata rosenlicht, Sarina R Saturn, Monique A. R. Udell
The present study explored the effects of intranasal oxytocin, a naturally occurring hormone, on the behavior of pet dogs during an attachment test. Each dog participated in two testing sessions. On one visit saline was administered nasally, and on another, oxytocin was administered nasally. For...
Well-being and Human-Animal Interactions in Schools: The Case of "Dog Daycare Co-Op"
| Contributor(s):: Laura Elizabeth Pinto, Donna Foulkes
This paper draws on Martha Nussbaum’s account of the nature of human well-being to explore the role of animals in formal education settings. Nussbaum equates well-being with human flourishing, and argues that people live well when engaged in essential functions that are particular...
Ethnobiology in One Health
| Contributor(s):: Marsha B Quinlan, Robert J Quinlan
The new One Health concept is, essentially, the ethnobiology of health, addressing the interrelation of human, animal and environmental health. Incited by 2003 outbreaks of animal-borne SARS and avian influenza, One Health’s multidisciplinary perspective complements growing international...
The impact of atypical early histories on pet or performer chimpanzees
| Contributor(s):: Hani D. Freeman, Stephen R. Ross
It is widely accepted that an animal’s early history, including but not limited to its rearing history, can have a profound impact on later behavior. In the case of captive animals, many studies have used categorical measures such as mother reared or human reared that do not...
The Biocultural Landscape of Zoonotic Disease: Examining Human-Animal Vulnerability to Anthrax on the Colombian-Venezuelan Border
| Contributor(s):: Jennifer A. Ida
The focus of this thesis is to provide a holistic understanding of the political, cultural, environmental, and biological factors that may be contributing to increased vulnerability to anthrax in Wayuu and non-Wayuu human and livestock communities in La Guajira, Colombia. Qualitative data...