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Factors Associated With Bites to a Child From a Dog Living in the Same Home: A Bi-National Comparison
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Contributor(s):: Locksley L. McV. Messam, Philip H. Kass, Bruon B. Chomel, lynette arnason hart
We conducted a veterinary clinic-based retrospective cohort study aimed at identifying child-, dog-, and home-environment factors associated with dog bites to children aged 5–15 years old living in the same home as a dog in Kingston, Jamaica (236) and San Francisco, USA (61). Secondarily,...
Cost of Owning a Dog
This resource guide walks through a detailed outline of the financial commitment necessary to plan for a beneficial outcome for both dog and the owner(s).
Responsible Pet Ownership: Dog Parks and Demographic Change in Portland, Oregon
| Contributor(s):: Matthew Harris, Marisa Zapata
Dog parks are the fastest growing type of park in U.S. cities; however, their increasing popularity has been met with increasing criticism of pets in public space. Dogs have shown to be a deep source of neighborhood conflict, and the provision of dog parks, or off-leash areas, is a seemingly...
Strategies to Reduce the Euthanasia of Impounded Dogs and Cats Used by Councils in Victoria, Australia
| Contributor(s):: Jacquie Rand, Emily Lancaster, Georgina Inwood, Carolyn Cluderay, Linda Marston
Euthanasia is used in developed countries as a method of population control for dogs and cats entering shelters and council pounds. This study analyzed all available dog and cat population, registration, intake and outcome data for the 79 Victorian councils. The majority (74%) of councils...
Heart Rate and Heart Rate Variability during Sleep in Family Dogs (Canis familiaris). Moderate Effect of Pre-Sleep Emotions
| Contributor(s):: Bence Varga, Anna Gergely, Agoston Galambos, Anna Kis
It is common knowledge that negative emotions in humans are accompanied by both impaired subjective experience as well as maladaptive changes in behavior and physiology. The present paper investigates heart rate—one of the most commonly used emotion-related physiology measures—in...
Gastrointestinal Parasites in Shelter Dogs: Occurrence, Pathology, Treatment and Risk to Shelter Workers
| Contributor(s):: Ali Raza, Jacquie Rand, Abdul Ghaffar Qamar, Abdul Jabbar, Steven Kopp
Despite evidence of a minor role of gastrointestinal parasites in causing disease in owned pet populations prophylactically treated with anthelmintics, gastrointestinal parasitism remains an important consideration in the care of animals in shelters, and in owned pet populations in developing...
Dog Ecology and Rabies Knowledge of Owners and Non-Owners in Sanur, A Sub-District of the Indonesian Island Province of Bali
| Contributor(s):: Elly Hiby, Kadek Karang Agustina, Kate Nattras Atema, Gusti Ngurah Bagus, Janice Girardi, Mike Harfoot, Yacinta Haryono, Lex Hiby, Hendra Irawan, Levin Kalalo, Sang Gede Purnama, I. Made Subrata, Ida Bagus Ngurah Swacita, Ni Wayan Utami, Pande Putu Januraga, Dewa Nyoman Wirawan
That rabies can be managed humanely using vaccination is well accepted. However, making sure enough dogs in the population are vaccinated and therefore able to fight off the virus can be challenging. Getting owners to be more responsible for their dogs should help keep the proportion of...
Changes Associated with Improved Outcomes for Cats Entering RSPCA Queensland Shelters from 2011 to 2016
| Contributor(s):: Caroline Audrey Kerr, Jacquie Rand, John Murray Morton, Ronelle Reid, Mandy Paterson
The aim of this study was to identify changes that contributed to the markedly improved live release of cats in Royal Society for the Prevention of Cruelty to Animals (RSPCA) Queensland shelters by comparing data from 2011 and 2016. Admission numbers were similar in these two years. The number...
Expectations for dog ownership: Perceived physical, mental and psychosocial health consequences among prospective adopters
| Contributor(s):: Lauren Powell, Debbie Chia, Paul McGreevy, Anthony L Podberscek, Kate M. Edwards, Brendon Neilly, Adam J Gustaella, Vanessa Lee, Emmanuel Stamatakis
Dog ownership is popular worldwide, with most human-dog dyads forming successful attachment bonds. However, millions of dogs are surrendered to animal shelters annually, possibly due to mismatches between owner expectations and the realities of dog ownership. The aim of the current study was to...
Tail Docking of Canine Puppies: Reassessment of the Tail's Role in Communication, the Acute Pain Caused by Docking and Interpretation of Behavioural Responses
| Contributor(s):: David J Mellor
Laws, regulations and professional standards increasingly aim to ban or restrict non-therapeutic tail docking in canine puppies. These constraints have usually been justified by reference to loss of tail participation in communication between dogs, the acute pain presumed to be caused during...
My Dog Is Not My Cat: Owner Perception of the Personalities of Dogs and Cats Living in the Same Household
| Contributor(s):: Laura Menchetti, Silvia Calipari, Gabriella Guelfi, Alice Catanzaro, Silvana Diverio
This study aims to define the personality traits perceived by the owners of multiple pets and to evaluate how they are modulated by experiential-environmental factors. A questionnaire was administered to 1270 owners of multiple pets (dogs and cats) to collect data on the demographics,...
Dog and Cat Interactions in a Remote Aboriginal Community
| Contributor(s):: Brooke Kennedy, Wendy Y. Brown, Karl Vernes, Gerhard Kortner, James R.A. Butler
This study examined dog and cat demographics, roaming behaviours, and interspecific interactions in a remote Aboriginal island community using multiple methods. Our results revealed temporal differences between the roaming behaviours of dogs, cats, and wildlife. Dogs showed crepuscular...
Dog Population & Dog Sheltering Trends in the United States of America
| Contributor(s):: Andrew Rowan, Tamara Kartal
The pet overpopulation problem in the United States has changed significantly since the 1970s. The purpose of this review is to document these changes and propose factors that have been and are currently driving the dog population dynamics in the US. In the 1960s, about one quarter of the dog...
Factors Associated with High Live Release for Dogs at a Large, Open-Admission, Municipal Shelter
| Contributor(s):: Gary J. Patronek, Abbi Crowe
Better understanding of factors contributing to live release (rehoming) may help shelters improve outcomes. In this study, data were analyzed for all dogs (n = 21,409) admitted over a two-year period for the primary purpose of rehoming at a high-volume, open-intake municipal shelter performing...
Does Flooring Substrate Impact Kennel and Dog Cleanliness in Commercial Breeding Facilities?
| Contributor(s):: Katie Osborn, Judith Stella, Moriah Hurt, Amy Bauer, Paulo Gomes, Audrey Ruple, Alan Beck, Candace Croney
Evaluation of kennel flooring surfaces is needed to understand their impacts on dog health and well-being. This pilot study aimed to characterize aspects of physical health, kennel cleanliness, and dog body cleanliness on flooring types common in US breeding kennels. Subjects were 118 adult...
"Pets Negotiable": How Do the Perspectives of Landlords and Property Managers Compare with Those of Younger Tenants with Dogs?
| Contributor(s):: Taryn M. Graham, Katrina J. Milaney, Cindy L. Adams, Melanie J Rock
In rental housing policy, pets are rarely considered as valued household members. Instead, landlords and property managers are often permitted to ban pets outright, or to advertise them as merely negotiable in their listings for rental housing. In fact, previous research has shown that moving...
Factors Informing Outcomes for Older Cats and Dogs in Animal Shelters
| Contributor(s):: Sloane Hawes, Josephine Kerrigan, Kevin Morris
Historically, older cats and dogs have been particularly at-risk for euthanasia in animal shelters due to their lower perceived appeal for adoption. This study found that the condition at intake had the greatest impact on the outcomes of older cats and dogs. Additionally, the application of...
The Truth about Deer, Turtles, and Dogs: An examination of Ancient Maya Human-Faunal Interactions
| Contributor(s):: Lindsay Foreman
My Dog Always Eats First: Homeless People and Their Animals. Leslie Irvine. Reviewed by Tiffany A. Parsons
| Contributor(s):: Tiffany Parsons
Pets by the Numbers