Food law, ethics, and food safety regulation: roles, justifications, and expected limits
Contributor(s):: Sperling, D.
Recent food emergencies throughout the world have raised some serious ethical and legal concerns for nations and health organizations. While the legal regulations addressing food risks and foodborne illnesses are considerably varied and variously effective, less is known about the ethical...
Legal implications in development and use of expert systems in agriculture
Contributor(s):: Downs, W., Newton, K. A.
Applications of Artificial Intelligence, particularly Expert Systems, are rapidly increasing. This science promises to give computer-based systems the capability of reasoning and decision making. Whether used for farm management or 'intelligent' machine control, Expert Systems will find many...
Effects of space allowance on the welfare of dry sows kept in dynamic groups and fed with an electronic sow feeder
Contributor(s):: Remience, V., Wavreille, J., Canart, B., Meunier-Salaun, M. C., Prunier, A., Bartiaux-Thill, N., Nicks, B., Vandenheede, M.
The minimal legal space allowance for grouped pregnant sows in the EU is 2.25 m2/sow. The effect of higher space per animal on agonistic behaviour and social stress of animals living in dynamic groups is not known. Two groups of 34 pregnant Belgian Landrace sows were housed in two pens of...
Veterinary students' views regarding the legal status of companion animals
Contributor(s):: Martin, F., Glover, S.
Developments in the law reflecting the legal status and value of animals have the potential to change veterinary medical practice; therefore, they impact veterinary education. An understanding of students' views is important in providing instruction in the non-technical aspects of the veterinary...
A pilot investigation of possible positive system descriptors in finishing pigs
Contributor(s):: Mullan, S., Edwards, S. A., Butterworth, A., Whay, H. R., Main, D. C. J.
In this study, pig producers were identified whose practices exceeded the basic legal requirements and government recommendations for pig welfare. This novel approach was part of a larger project investigating the feasibility and benefits of the inclusion of some animalbased welfare outcome...
Attitudes of Turkish veterinarians towards animal welfare
Contributor(s):: Sabuncuoglu, N., Coban, O.
A survey was carried out to examine the attitudes of Turkish veterinarians towards animal welfare issues. The email questionnaire consisted of three sections of statements with a five-point Likert scale for choices of answer. The first section included statements examining the attitudes of...
Compromised health and welfare of bears farmed for bile in China
Contributor(s):: Loeffler, I. K., Robinson, J., Cochrane, G.
The practice of farming bears for bile extraction is legal in China and involves an estimated 10,000 to 12,000 animals, primarily Asiatic black bears (Ursus thibetanus). This study outlines the compromises to health and welfare suffered by bears on bile farms and is based on the results of visits...
Self-evaluation of animal welfare by the farmer: a report of application on Austrian cattle farms
Contributor(s):: Ofner, E., Schmid, E., Schrock, E., Troxler, J., Hausleitner, A.
It is not sufficient to merely publish regulations and strictly control them to improve the living conditions of farm animals. The farmer must receive precise information, understand the individual measures and be able to act with personal responsibility. A new animal welfare law has been in...
Strengthening US organic standards on animal health and welfare
Contributor(s):: Merrigan, K. A., Bailey, M. R., Lockeretz, W.
Organic livestock production has been increasing in the US, although it still merely constitutes a small fraction of total production. Its success will require detailed standards supported by scientific knowledge and consistent with organic farming principles. However, such standards, mandated...
The ethical review process in the UK and Australia: the Australian experience of improved dialogue and communication
Contributor(s):: Bradshaw, R. H.
The legal implications of the veterinarian's role as a private practitioner and health professional, with particular reference to the human-animal bond: Part 1, the law of negligence
Contributor(s):: Jack, D. C.
$250 000 in emotional distress damages for the loss of a pet? What's this bond coming to?
Contributor(s):: Wilson, J. F.
$250,000 in emotional distress damages for the loss of a pet? What's this bond coming to?
Animal rights and human responsibility
Contributor(s):: Bauston, G.
Sexual relations with animals (zoophilia): an unrecognized problem in animal welfare legislation
Contributor(s):: Bolliger, G., Goetschel, A. F.
Sexual contact with animals (zoophilia) has always been part of human culture, and is more widespread than generally thought. While it was severely penalized on ethical and religious grounds for centuries, the age of Enlightenment led to more rational views on this topic and, consequently, milder...