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The Value Chain Approach in One Health: Conceptual Framing and Focus on Present Applications and Challenges
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| Contributor(s):: Nicolas Antoine-Moussiaux, Marisa Peyre, Pascal Bonnet, Charles Bebay, Mohammed Bengoumi, Astrid Tripodi
The value chain (VC) is a major operational concept for socioeconomic analysis at meso level. Widely mobilized in development practice, it is still undergoing conceptual and practical refining, e.g., to take account of environmental and social sustainability. Briefly, VC refers to a system of...
An Experimental Course: Animal Handling, Safety, and Well-Being
| Contributor(s):: Brady M McNeil, Heather A Jennings, Christen G. Jackson, Anna K. Johnson, Jodi A. Sterle
Students in the Department of Animal Science at Iowa State University are coming from increasingly diverse backgrounds, with little to no experience working with or handling various livestock species. In order to best accommodate these students, additional courses are being developed, one of...
An evaluation of perceptions of total quality management (TQM) livestock practices of Iowa 4-H' ers who received new instructional materials
| Contributor(s):: Mukiri wa Githendu, Julie A. Gamon (adviser)
The purpose of this study was to assess the perceptions of 4-H youth regarding the total quality management of their livestock projects and the production of safe food before and after they received the new Total Quality Management (TQM) Curriculum for Youth Producers;The sample consisted of 800...
On farm welfare assessment of beef cattle using an environmentally-based welfare index and investigation of the human-animal relationship
| Contributor(s):: Bernadette Earley, Mickael Mazurek, Margaret Murray, Daniel J. Prendiville
On farm welfare assessment of beef cattle using an environmentally-based welfare index and investigation of the human-animal relationship. Study 1. Animal welfare index (AWI): an on-farm survey of beef suckler farms in Ireland. Study 2. Investigation and specificity of behavioural fear responses...
Relationship of human and animal tuberculosis in the interface areas of the National parks of the Kafue Basin in Zambia
| Contributor(s):: Musso Munyeme
Tuberculosis is a disease of worldwide public health and economic importance. In Zambia the disease has been consistently reported in the Kafue Basin without a clear understanding of transmission dynamics in the livestock-wildlife interface. The main objective of this study was to determine the...
Human/Farm Animal Relationships
| Contributor(s):: Jack L. Albright
There are various combinations of human beings and farm animals. This paper attempts to evaluate those few studies of humans handling farm animals within a prescribed environment. Personality traits of dairy farmers and livestock people as determined by the Eysenck Personality Inventory (Eysenck...
Human-Animal Studies: chov hospodářských zvířat - právní, ekonomické, ekologické a etické aspekty
| Contributor(s):: Klára Podimáková
Práce se zabývá vztahem mezi lidskými aktéry a hospodářskými zvířaty v heterogenním kolektivu. Zjišťuje, jakým způsobem je podmíněné chování lidí, kteří se starají o...
Zoo Animals, Livestock, and Pets, Oh MY! An Exploration of the Ethics of Captive Breeding
| Contributor(s):: Colleen McArdle
What is captive breeding? Captive breeding is a mode of breeding in which humans decide which animals will be parents and arrange reproduction for purposes that we define. Zoos have used it as a conservation strategy in the United States since the 1960’s, but it is also used to breed...
Husbandry practices and mitigation of human-carnivore conflicts : a case of the Maasai Steppe, Tanzania.
| Contributor(s):: Ifura Godfrey Ukio
Biodiversity losses are often influenced by humans due to increased demand over natural resources and retaliatory killing of wildlife as a result of human–wildlife conflicts. Large carnivores are in decline globally due to the current human–carnivore conflicts. This study was...
Anesthesia in some categories of patients and clinical conditionsAnestesia in alcune categorie di pazienti e condizioni cliniche
| Contributor(s):: Grazioli, O.
The author analyses anesthesia in the most frequent and risky clinical conditions, for which greater knowledge and attention in anesthetic management are required. In the final part, euthanasia is taken into account, because of its strategic importance, with emotional and psychological aspects...
Human-animal studies, G.H. Mead, and the question of animal minds
| Contributor(s):: Gallagher, T. J.
In the field of human-animal studies (HAS), also known as anthrozoology, the question of nonhuman animal minds is central. During the first three decades of the 20th century, the social psychological G.H. Mead was among the first to take an explicitly contemporary approach to the question of...
Provisioning the ritual neolithic site of Kfar HaHoresh, Israel at the dawn of animal management
| Contributor(s):: Meier, J. S., Goring-Morris, A. N., Munro, N. D.
It is widely agreed that a pivotal shift from wild animal hunting to herd animal management, at least of goats, began in the southern Levant by the Middle Pre-Pottery Neolithic B period (10,000-9,500 cal. BP) when evidence of ritual activities flourished in the region. As our knowledge of this...
Dog breed differences in visual communication with humans
| Contributor(s):: Konno, A., Romero, T., Inoue-Murayama, M., Saito, A., Hasegawa, T.
Domestic dogs (Canis familiaris) have developed a close relationship with humans through the process of domestication. In human-dog interactions, eye contact is a key element of relationship initiation and maintenance. Previous studies have suggested that canine ability to produce human-directed...
Pet dog management practices among a representative sample of owners in Victoria, Australia
| Contributor(s):: Howell, T. J., Mornement, K., Bennett, P. C.
It is often assumed that pet dogs experience better welfare than livestock production animals because many owners consider them to be members of the family and, collectively, spend billions of dollars on them annually. However, this assumption is not based on scientific evidence, and a...
Local knowledge held by farmers in Eastern Tyrol (Austria) about the use of plants to maintain and improve animal health and welfare
| Contributor(s):: Vogl, C. R., Vogl-Lukasser, B., Walkenhorst, M.
Background: The sustainable management of animal health and welfare is of increasing importance to consumers and a key topic in the organic farming movement. Few systematic studies have been undertaken investigating farmers' local knowledge related to this issue. Ethnoveterinary medicine (EVM)...
Human-animal interactions and safety during dairy cattle handling - comparing moving cows to milking and hoof trimming
| Contributor(s):: Lindahl, C., Pinzke, S., Herlin, A., Keeling, L. J.
Cattle handling is a dangerous activity on dairy farms, and cows are a major cause of injuries to livestock handlers. Even if dairy cows are generally tranquil and docile, when situations occur that they perceive or remember as aversive, they may become agitated and hazardous to handle. This...
Living with the beast: wolves and humans through Portuguese literature
| Contributor(s):: Lopes-Fernandes, M., Soares, F., Frazao-Moreira, A., Queiroz, A. I.
This paper explores representations of wolves in Portuguese literature using an anthropological framework to analyze perceptions, beliefs, knowledge, and practices. From a literary corpus compilation, 262 excerpts from 68 works that made reference to wolves were classified by grid analysis into...
Are domestic pigs (Sus scrofa domestica) able to use complex human-given cues to find a hidden reward?
| Contributor(s):: Nawroth, C., Ebersbach, M., Borell, E. von
Understanding human-animal interactions in livestock production systems is crucial for improving animal welfare. It is therefore of general interest to investigate how livestock animals obtain information from humans. By using an object-choice paradigm, we investigated whether domestic pigs (Sus...
An assessment of community understanding of the Human Animal Conservancy Self-Insurance Scheme and the impact of human-wildlife conflicts : a case study from the Kwandu conservancy, north-east Namibia.
| Contributor(s):: Marthin Kaukaha Kasaona
The research problem of this mini-dissertation involves the conflicts between human and wildlife populations and the trialing of ‘compensation’ payouts that are emerging as a critical test within the conservancy. Crop raiders such as elephants, buffaloes, hippopotamus, bush pigs and...