Social context and other factors influence the behavioural expression of pain by lambs
Contributor(s):: Guesgen, M. J., Beausoleil, N. J., Minot, E. O., Stewart, M., Stafford, K. J.
There is evidence that the presence of a conspecific can alter the experience of pain in humans and other animals. This 'social buffering' may be mediated by factors such as relatedness and familiarity. This study investigates whether and how the social context affects the behavioural response of...
Animal hoarding in Victoria, Australia: an exploratory study
Contributor(s):: Ockenden, E. M., Groef, B. de, Marston, L.
Animal hoarding not only presents significant welfare issues for the animals involved, but also for the hoarders and people in the surrounding community. Existing studies on the issue have primarily been undertaken in the USA and little is known about animal hoarding in other countries, including...
Lateralization of agonistic and vigilance responses in Przewalski horses ( Equus przewalskii)
Contributor(s):: Austin, N. P., Rogers, L. J.
Eye and limb preferences were scored in the closest undomesticated relative of Equus caballus using the same methods as used previously to study laterality in feral horses. Observations were made of 33 Przewalski horses ( Equus ferus przewalskii) (male N=20, female N=13) living under natural...
From mules, horses and livestock to companion animals: a linguistic-etymological approach to veterinary history, mirroring animal and (mainly) human welfare
Contributor(s):: Devriese, L.
Technical environmental assessment predictors of residential satisfaction: a study of elderly women living alone
Contributor(s):: Carp, Frances M., Christensen, David L.
Factors affecting faecal glucocorticoid levels in domestic cats (Felis catus): a pilot study with single and large multi-cat households
Contributor(s):: Ramos, D., Arena, M. N., Reche-Junior, A., Daniel, A. G. T., Albino, M. V. C., Vasconcellos, A. S., Viau, P., Oliveira, C. A.
Responses of shelter and pet dogs to an unknown human
Contributor(s):: Barrera, G., Jakovcevic, A., Elgier, A. M., Mustaca, A., Bentosela, M.
Canine shelters frequently have inadequate living conditions that affect the behavior of dogs. This study compared fear-appeasement and sociability reactions in shelter and pet dogs when they are confronted by an unfamiliar experimenter. Results indicated that shelter dogs used for this study...
An ethological approach to housing requirements of golden hamsters, Mongolian gerbils and fat sand rats in the laboratory - a review
Contributor(s):: Sorensen, D. B., Krohn, T., Hansen, H. N., Ottesen, J. L., Hansen, A. K.
When housing hamsters and gerbils little has been done to identify the preferences of these species. The solitary nature of fat sand rats and hamsters is often discordant with housing practices in animal laboratories. This article provides a comparison of the behaviour of wild-living animals with...
Emotional reactivity of Japanese quail chicks with high or low social motivation reared under unstable social conditions
Contributor(s):: Schweitzer, C., Arnould, C.
Repeated encounters with unfamiliar conspecifics in large groups of domestic birds create a potentially stressful social environment which can affect the birds' emotional reactivity and consequently their welfare. As social relationships between young quail are particularly influenced by their...
Individualistic herds: individual variation in herbivore foraging behavior and application to rangeland management
Contributor(s):: Searle, K. R., Hunt, L. P., Gordon, I. J.
Rangeland systems cover vast areas of the earth's surface containing great diversity of life, and contribute to the livelihoods and welfare of millions of people. The management of rangeland systems for ecological and commercial outcomes is driven by a need to understand how grazing animals...
Selection against aggressiveness in pigs at re-grouping: practical application and implications for long-term behavioural patterns
Contributor(s):: Turner, S. P., D'Eath, R. B., Roehe, R., Lawrence, A. B.
The routine mixing of pigs causes aggression that cannot be greatly reduced by low-cost environmental changes. The variability and heritability of aggressiveness are discussed and both appear adequate to make selection against aggressiveness worthwhile in grower-stage pigs. Selection would...
Self-evaluation of animal welfare by the farmer: a report of application on Austrian cattle farms
Contributor(s):: Ofner, E., Schmid, E., Schrock, E., Troxler, J., Hausleitner, A.
It is not sufficient to merely publish regulations and strictly control them to improve the living conditions of farm animals. The farmer must receive precise information, understand the individual measures and be able to act with personal responsibility. A new animal welfare law has been in...
The influence of urbanization on the behaviour of dogs in the Czech Republic
Contributor(s):: Baranyiova, E., Holub, A., Tyrlik, M., Janackova, B., Ernstova, M.
The aim of this study was to evaluate the influence of urbanization in the Czech Republic on the coexistence of domesticated dogs and their owners. The data from a questionnaire (distributed to dog owners) were divided into rural (R, n=164) and urban (U, n=132). The former group comprised of dogs...