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All Categories (1-20 of 8858)

  1. Application of the NEOH Framework for Self-Evaluation of One Health Elements of a Case-Study on Obesity in European Dogs and Dog-Owners

    Contributor(s):: Alberto Munoz-Prieto, Liza R. Nielsen, SIlvia Martinez-Subiela, Jovita Mazeikiene, Pia Lopez-Jornet, Sara Savic, Asta Tvarijonaviciute

    Obesity is a malnutrition disorder of global concern with increasing prevalence driven by underlying societal, economic and environmental mechanisms leading to changed physical activity patterns, eating behaviors and diet compositions in both humans and in their pet-dogs. A questionnaire-based...

  2. Identifying and Resolving End of Session Cues in Substance Detection Canine Training

    Contributor(s):: Jan Topoleski, Craig A. Schlutz, Wynn G. Warren

    When training and working a substance detection canine, a trained final response should be performed immediately upon recognition of odor (Generally, a 1–3 s window is preferred within our detection practices). Typical canine training places much emphasis on planning and setting up training...

  3. Serum Biochemistry and Inflammatory Cytokines in Racing Endurance Sled Dogs With and Without Rhabdomyolysis

    Contributor(s):: Chris W. Frye, Sabine Mann, Jodie L. Joseph, Cristina Hansen, Brent Sass, Joseph J. Wakshlag

    Serum muscle enzymes in endurance sled dogs peak within 2–4 days of racing. The object of this study was to compare mid-race serum chemistry profiles, select hormones, markers of inflammation, and the acute phase response in dogs that successfully completed half of the 2015 Yukon Quest sled...

  4. B.O.K. Ranch

    B.O.K. Ranch brings the benefits of horseback riding to, on average, 150 individuals each week. We now offer services to riders with and without special needs. Our riding and horsemanship program starts riders at age four and goes through adulthood. There is no maximum age, as long as the rider...

  5. Long-Term Effect of Therapeutic Horseback Riding in Youth With Autism Spectrum Disorder: A Randomized Trial

    Full-text: Available

    | Contributor(s):: Robin L Gabriels, Zhaoxing Pan, Noemie A Guerin, Briar Dechant, Gary Mesibov

    This paper presents 6-month follow-up data of 44% (N = 64/116) of participants (ages 6–16 years) with a diagnosis of autism spectrum disorder, who participated in a previously-published randomized controlled trial of therapeutic horseback riding (THR) compared to a no-horse contact...

  6. Presumed Caudal Cerebellar Artery Infarction in Three Cats: Neurological Signs, MRI Findings, and Outcome

    Full-text: Available

    | Contributor(s):: Katie Osborn, Arianna Negrin, Olivier N. J. Taeymans, Sarah E. Spencer, Guinio B. Cherubini

    Ischemic cerebrovascular disease (CVD) is a relatively common condition in dogs but infrequent in cats, with acute or peracute onset of non-progressive neurological signs. Cerebellar artery infarction appears to be very uncommon in cats, with only two cases reported affecting the rostral...

  7. Infants' Daily Experience With Pets and Their Scanning of Animal Faces

    | Contributor(s):: Katie Osborn, Karinna Hurley, Lisa M Oakes

    Very little is known about the effect of pet experience on cognitive development in infancy. In Experiment 1, we document in a large sample (N = 1270) that 63% of families with infants under 12 months have at least one household pet. The potential effect on development is significant as the...

  8. Keeper-Animal Interactions: Differences between the Behaviour of Zoo Animals Affect Stockmanship

    | Contributor(s):: Samantha J Ward, Vicky Melfi

    Stockmanship is a term used to describe the management of animals with a good stockperson someone who does this in a in a safe, effective, and low-stress manner for both the stock-keeper and animals involved. Although impacts of unfamiliar zoo visitors on animal behaviour have been extensively...

  9. Clinical Presentation, Causes, Treatment, and Outcome of Lip Avulsion Injuries in Dogs and Cats: 24 Cases (2001–2017)

    Full-text: Available

    | Contributor(s):: Kelly M. Saverino, Alexander M. Reiter

    Lip avulsions are a common result of orofacial trauma in dogs and cats. Vehicular trauma and bite wounds are common causes. Surgical therapy is highly successful with early decontamination and tension-free closure. This retrospective case series assessed the signalment, causes, lesion location,...

  10. Zinc Nanoparticles Enhance Brain Connectivity in the Canine Olfactory Network: Evidence From an fMRI Study in Unrestrained Awake Dogs

    Full-text: Available

    | Contributor(s):: Bhavitha Ramaihgari, Oleg M. Pustovyy, Paul Waggoner, Ronald J. Beyers, Chester Wildey, Edward Morrison, Nouha Salibi, Jeffrey S. Katz, Thomas S. Denney, Vitaly J. Vodyanoy, Gopikrishna Deshpande

    Prior functional Magnetic Resonance Imaging (fMRI) studies have indicated increased neural activation when zinc nanoparticles are added to odorants in canines. Here we demonstrate that zinc nanoparticles up-regulate directional brain connectivity in parts of the canine olfactory network. This...

  11. Defining and Clarifying the Terms Canine Possessive Aggression and Resource Guarding: A Study of Expert Opinion

    Full-text: Available

    | Contributor(s):: Jacquelyn A. Jacobs, Jason B. Coe, Tina M. Widowski, David L. Pearl, Lee Niel

    The terms possessive aggression and resource guarding are often used interchangeably to describe behavior patterns used by a dog to control primary access to a perceived valuable item. The use of inconsistent terminology may impact the effectiveness of communication between...

  12. Behavior Differences Between Search-and-Rescue and Pet Dogs

    Full-text: Available

    | Contributor(s):: Elizabeth Hare, Kathleen M. Kelsey, James A. Serpell, Cynthia M. Otto

    Behavioral traits such as trainability, fearlessness, and energy are required for dogs to succeed as search-and-rescue (SAR) dogs. Certification by the Federal Emergency Management Agency (FEMA) ensures that dogs and handlers have extensive training and have demonstrated specific skills in the...

  13. Common Risk Factors for Urinary House Soiling (Periuria) in Cats and Its Differentiation: The Sensitivity and Specificity of Common Diagnostic Signs

    Full-text: Available

    | Contributor(s):: Katie Osborn (editor), Ana Maria Barcelos, Kevin McPeake, Nadja Affenzeller, Daniel Simon Mills

    Urinary house soiling (periuria) in the home is a common but serious behaviour problem in cats. Although many specific risk factors and triggers have been postulated, their importance is largely unknown. This study assessed: (1) the significance of purported risk factors for periuria as well as...

  14. Better Lives for Dogs: Incorporating Human Behaviour Change Into a Theory of Change to Improve Canine Welfare Worldwide

    Full-text: Available

    | Contributor(s):: Karen Reed, Melissa M. Upjohn

    The world’s estimated 600 million dogs face a range of welfare issues which vary according to local context and locally accepted norms regarding attitudes towards dogs. Dogs Trust Worldwide, an international Non-Governmental Organisation which works to improve canine welfare, is...

  15. A Systematic Review of the Reliability and Validity of Behavioural Tests Used to Assess Behavioural Characteristics Important in Working Dogs

    Full-text: Available

    | Contributor(s):: Karen Brady, Nina Cracknell, Helen Zulch, Daniel Simon Mills

    Background: Working dogs are selected based on predictions from tests that they will be able to perform specific tasks in often challenging environments. However, withdrawal from service in working dogs is still a big problem, bringing into question the reliability of the selection tests...

  16. A Comparative Study of Enumeration Techniques for Free-Roaming Dogs in Rural Baramati, District Pune, India

    Full-text: Available

    | Contributor(s):: Harish Kumar Tiwari, Abi Tamim Vanak, Mark O'Dea, Jully Gogoi-Tiwari, Ian Duncan Robertson

    The presence of unvaccinated free-roaming dogs (FRD) amidst human settlements is a major contributor to the high incidence of rabies in countries such as India, where the disease is endemic. Estimating FRD population size is crucial to the planning and evaluation of interventions,...

  17. Factors Associated With Bites to a Child From a Dog Living in the Same Home: A Bi-National Comparison

    | Contributor(s):: Locksley L. McV. Messam, Philip H. Kass, Bruon B. Chomel, lynette arnason hart

    We conducted a veterinary clinic-based retrospective cohort study aimed at identifying child-, dog-, and home-environment factors associated with dog bites to children aged 5–15 years old living in the same home as a dog in Kingston, Jamaica (236) and San Francisco, USA (61). Secondarily,...

  18. What Extension Personnel Should Know About Midwestern Goat Producers

    Full-text: Available

    | Contributor(s):: Kelsey F. Cole, Catherine Hoegeman, Benjamin M. Onyango, Jodie A. Pennington, Charlotte A. Clifford-Rathert, Elizabeth L. Walker

    The growth of the goat industry has created opportunities for producers looking for a profitable alternative enterprise. Little is known about goat production or educational needs of producers in Missouri and Arkansas. A survey of goat producers in Missouri and Arkansas addressed farm...

  19. Hooves Marching for Mercy

    The first part of our mission is...Rescuing and providing sanctuary to abandoned, sick/injured, and abused potbelly pigs and other animal friends, as we have room.The second part of our mission is...Providing sanctuary and a peaceful and healing environment for military, military...

  20. Cost of Owning a Dog

    This resource guide walks through a detailed outline of the financial commitment necessary to plan for a beneficial outcome for both dog and the owner(s).